Edmonton Hundred

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Edmonton
Area
 - 1831 31,410 acres (127.1 km2)[1]
Population
 - 1831 26,930
 - 1881 94,185
History
 - Created in antiquity
 - Abolished no administrative or legal role after 1886, but never formally abolished.
 - Succeeded by Edmonton Urban District
Enfield Urban District
East Barnet Urban District
South Mimms Rural District
Tottenham Urban District
Status hundred
 - HQ see text

Edmonton was an ancient hundred in the north of the county of Middlesex, England. Its former area has been mostly absorbed by the growth of London and it now corresponds to the London Borough of Enfield and parts of the London Borough of Barnet and London Borough of Haringey in Greater London and the Hertsmere district in Hertfordshire.

History[edit]

The hundred was listed in the Domesday Book in 1086, after which there were only very minor boundary changes. It was sometimes known as the Half Hundred of Mimms.[2]

It contained the parishes and settlements of Edmonton, Enfield, Monken Hadley, South Mimms and Tottenham. It bordered Ossulstone hundred to the south west, and had a boundary with Essex to the east. In the north west it formed a protrusion into Hertfordshire (containing South Mimms and Monken Hadely) and was bounded by it to the north, west and south.

The Hundred Moot appears to have originally been held near Potters Bar. By the seventeenth century the "mote plane" was in an open area of Enfield Chase. The court for the hundred eventually moved to a public house in Enfield prior to its abolition in 1846.[2]

Population[edit]

The following is the population of the parishes in Edmonton Hundred as given at each ten-yearly census from 1801 - 1881:[3]

Parish Area 1801 1811 1821 1831 1841 1851 1861 1871 1881
Edmonton 7,483 acres (30.3 km2) 5,093 6,824 7,900 8,192 9,027 9,708 10,930 13,860 23,463
Enfield 12,653 acres (51.2 km2) 5,881 6,636 8,227 8,812 9,367 9,453 12,424 16,054 19,104
Monken Hadley 641 acres (2.6 km2) 584 718 926 979 945 1,003 1,053 978 1,160
South Mimms 6,386 acres (25.8 km2) 1,698 1,628 1,906 2,010 2,760 2,825 3,238 3,571 4,002
Tottenham 4,642 acres (18.8 km2) 3,629 4,771 5,812 6,937 8,584 9,120 13,240 22,869 46,456
Total 31,805 acres (128.7 km2) 16,885 20,577 24,771 26,930 30,683 32,109 40,885 57,332 94,185

Replacement[edit]

The hundreds of England declined in administrative use because of the rise of various ad-hoc boards. By 1894 they were effectively replaced by a system of uniform local government districts, which were consolidated over time and finally replaced in 1965/1974 by the London boroughs and non-metropolitan districts which are still in use today.

Parish District Today
Edmonton Edmonton Urban District Enfield
Enfield Enfield Urban District Enfield
Monken Hadley East Barnet Urban District Barnet
South Mimms South Mimms Rural District Hertsmere
Tottenham Tottenham Urban District Haringey

References[edit]

  1. ^ Great Britain Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth, Middlesex hundreds 1831 census population. Retrieved on 2008-02-20.
  2. ^ a b "Edmonton Hundred". Victoria County County of Middlesex: Volume 5. 1976. Retrieved 2008-01-07. 
  3. ^ "Table of population, 1801-1901". Victoria County History of Middlesex: Volume 2. 1911. Retrieved 2008-01-06. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°38′42″N 0°03′36″W / 51.645°N 0.060°W / 51.645; -0.060