Edmonton (provincial electoral district)

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The Edmonton provincial electoral district existed in two incarnations from 1905 - 1909 and again from 1921 - 1955, with the city (small as it was in former times) broken up into multiple constituencies in the other time-periods. The district was created when Alberta became a province, to encompass residents of the city of Edmonton on the northside of the North Saskatchewan River For a time, it was one of three multi-member constituencies in the province's history, the others being Calgary and Medicine Hat.

Three methods of electing representatives were used over the years. First past the post election of a single member was used in 1905 and subsequent by-elections to 1921.

Block voting (voters able to cast as many votes as there were seats, that is 2) was used in 1909 and 1913.

The constituency was divided into two single-member constituencies for the provincial election of 1917: Edmonton East and Edmonton West. The adjacent constituency of Edmonton South had been renamed from the old constituency of Strathcona.

These three districts merged to form the Edmonton constituency in 1921, and block voting was re-established in 1921, to elect five members in the single constituency.

As a semblance of proportional representation, the UFA government brought in the single transferable vote for all constituencies, and made Edmonton, Calgary and Medicine Hat (for 1926 only) multi-member constituencies, starting in 1924. STV was also used in provincial by-elections during this period.

In 1959 the Social Credit government broke up the Calgary and Edmonton constituencies and replaced the transferable balloting with first-past-the-post system across the province. Nine constituencies were created in Edmonton: Edmonton Centre, Edmonton North, Edmonton Norwood, Edmonton North East, Edmonton North West, Jasper West, Strathcona Centre, Strathcona East and Strathcona West.

Expansion of seats and districts in Edmonton[edit]

The first table shows at a glance, the number of seats available by general election year for the Edmonton riding. The second table shows the number of districts in Edmonton, when the Edmonton riding was broken up.

Seats[edit]

Year 1905 1909 1913 1921 1926 1930 1935 1940 1944 1948 1952 1955
Seats 1 2 2 5 5 6 6 5 5 5 7 7

Districts[edit]

Year 1913 1917 1959 1963 1967 1971 1975 1979 1982 1986 1989 1993 1997 2001 2004
Districts 1 3 9 10 11 16 16 18 18 17 17 18 19 19 18

For the 1913 election, Edmonton South Provincial electoral district was created from the old Strathcona constituency to elect one MLA. The Edmonton constituency elected two members by the block vote system.

Edmonton party composition at a glance[edit]

Affiliation 1905 1909 1913 1921 1926 1930 1935 1940 1942 1944 1948 1948 1952 1955
     Liberal 1 2 2 5 1 1 3 1 2 3
     Conservative 2 3 1 3 1 1
     Social Credit 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3
     Cooperative Commonwealth 1 1 1 1 1
     Labour 1 1
     United Farmers 1 1
     Veteran's & Active Force 1
     Independent Citizen's 1
     Independent 3 2 1 1
 Total
1 2 2 5 5 6 6 5 5 5 5 5 7 7

Election results[edit]

1905 general election[edit]

1905 Alberta general election results[1] Turnout Unknown
Affiliation Candidate Votes %
     Liberal Charles Wilson Cross 1,209 70.50%
     Conservative William Griesbach 516 29.50%
Total 1,715 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined Unknown

1952 - 1955[edit]

Year Count Candidate Party Votes Year Count Candidate Party Votes
1955 2nd Ernest Manning Social Credit 9,568 1952 2nd Ernest Manning Social Credit 6,505
2nd James Harper Prowse Liberal 9,569 2nd James Harper Prowse Liberal 6,505
2nd Abe Miller Liberal 9,569 2nd Elmer Roper Cooperative Commonwealth 6,505
2nd Harold Tanner Liberal 9,569 2nd Joseph Donovan Ross Social Credit 6,505
2nd Joseph Donovan Ross Social Credit 9,483 2nd Edgar Gerhart Social Credit 5,895
2nd John P. Page Conservative 9,224 2nd John P. Page Conservative 5,504
2nd Edgar Gerhart Social Credit 9,121 2nd Harold Tanner Liberal 4,921
1955 1st Ernest Manning Social Credit 23,216 1952 1st Ernest Manning Social Credit 17,022
1st James Harper Prowse Liberal 18,755 1st James Harper Prowse Liberal 7,264
1st Elmer Roper Cooperative Commonwealth 4,444 1st Elmer Roper Cooperative Commonwealth 6,632
1st John P. Page Conservative 4,086 1st John P. Page Conservative 2,212
1st Edgar Bailey Liberal 2,971 1st Joseph Donovan Ross Social Credit 1,757
1st Andre Dechene Liberal 2,877 1st Ambrose A. Holowach Social Credit 1,381
1st Abe Miller Liberal 2,787 1st Andre Milville Dechene Liberal 1,340
1st Anthony Hylnka Social Credit 1,896 1st Peter Lazarowich Liberal 1,136
1st J.L. Payment Liberal 1,640 1st Harry Carrigan Social Credit 1,135
1st Harold Tanner Liberal 1,604 1st Stella Baker Social Credit 1,126
1st Joseph Donovan Ross Social Credit 1,575 1st Marshall Manning Conservative 1,060
1st Edgar Gerhart Social Credit 1,320 1st Harold Tanner Liberal 875
1st Giffard Main Conservative 1,064 1st Williston Haszard Social Credit 834
1st William Harasym Labour Progressive 947 1st Bernard Swankey Labour Progressive 824
1st Robert Atkin Cooperative Commonwealth 940 1st Cora Casselman Liberal 819
1st W.J.M. Henning Social Credit 785 1st Edger Gerhart Social Credit 769
1st Gerard Amerongen Conservative 692 1st Robert Atkin Cooperative Commonwealth 658
1st Cyril Harvard Social Credit 602 1st Laurette Douglas Liberal 632
1st C.M. Hattersley Social Credit 555 1st Roy Jamha Cooperative Commonwealth 619
1st Lois Grant Liberal 552 1st Arthur Thronton Cooperative Commonwealth 612
1st R.F. Lambert Conservative 548 1st Duncan Innes Liberal 608
1st Floyd Johnson Cooperative Commonwealth 458 1st Floyd Johnson Cooperative Commonwealth 500
1st F.J. Mitchell Conservative 405 1st Marcel Lambert Conservative 432
1st Mary Crawford Cooperative Commonwealth 383 1st Frederick Mitchell Conservative 430
1st Ivor Dent Cooperative Commonwealth 328 1st Norman Finnemore Cooperative Commonwealth 413
1st J.A.L. Smith Conservative 299 1st Winnifred Scott Cooperative Commonwealth 383
1st Art Thompson Cooperative Commonwealth 290 1st Arnold Taylor Conservative 272
1st Robert Brower Conservative 221 1st John A.L. Smith Conservative 189
1st H.M. Smith Cooperative Commonwealth 221 1st Edward Sturrock Conservative 105
1st C.E. Payne Independent 127

1944 - 1948[edit]

Year Count Candidate Party Votes Year Count Candidate Party Votes
1948 2nd Elmer Roper Cooperative Commonwealth 8,684 1944 2nd Elmer Roper Cooperative Commonwealth 6,345
2nd Lou Heard Social Credit 7,746 2nd John P. Page Independent 6,333
2nd Ernest Manning Social Credit 7,692 2nd Ernest Manning Social Credit 6,306
2nd James Harper Prowse Liberal 7,692 2nd William J. Williams Veterans' and Active Force 5,535
2nd Clayton Adams Social Credit 7,559 2nd Norman James Social Credit 3,532
1948 1st Ernest Manning Social Credit 22,014 1944 1st Ernest Manning Social Credit 14,271
1st Elmer Roper Cooperative Commonwealth 6,511 1st Elmer Roper Cooperative Commonwealth 5,253
1st James Harper Prowse Liberal 6,302 1st John P. Page Independent 4,603
1st John P. Page Independent Citizen's 2,723 1st William J. Williams Veterans' and Active Force 2,818
1st Peter Lazarowich Liberal 1,234 1st Johnnie Caine Independent 1,400
1st Jack Hampson Cooperative Commonwealth 1,046 1st Henry Carrigan Social Credit 1,188
1st Clayton Adams Social Credit 946 1st Orvis A. Kennedy Social Credit 876
1st Mary Scullion Liberal 942 1st Clifford Lee Cooperative Commonwealth 854
1st Lou Heard Social Credit 890 1st Norman James Social Credit 781
1st John Gillies Social Credit 772 1st John Gillies Social Credit 755
1st Mary Crawford Cooperative Commonwealth 618 1st James A. MacPherson Labour Progressive 742
1st Francis Ford Liberal 565 1st James Enright Cooperative Commonwealth 649
1st Walter Crockett Social Credit 523 1st M.E. Butterworth Cooperative Commonwealth 549
1st Arthur Thornton Cooperative Commonwealth 498 1st Joseph Dowler Cooperative Commonwealth 545
1st J.H. Dowler Cooperative Commonwealth 370 1st William Halina Labour Progressive 496
1st William Brownlee Liberal 442 1st Cecil Chapman Independent 476
1st Clarence Richards Independent 422
1st Jan Lakeman Labour Progressive 251
1st Alex Herd Labour Progressive 119
1st G.V. Murdoch Labour Progressive 72

1942 by-election[edit]

September 22, 1942 by-election[2] Turnout 32.71%
Affiliation Candidate 1st % Votes % Count
     Cooperative Commonwealth Elmer Roper 4,834 24.76% 8,432 53.98% 4th
     Independent John Lymburn 4,032 20.65% 7,188 46.02% 4th
     Social Credit G.B. Giles 4,432 22.70% Eliminated 4th
     Soldier Representative W. Griffin 3,389 17.36% Eliminated 3rd
     Liberal N.V. Buchanan 2,838 14.53% Eliminated 2nd
Valid Ballots 19,525 100% 15,620 100%
Exhausted Ballots 3,905 4 Counts

1935 - 1940[edit]

Year Count Candidate Party Votes Year Count Candidate Party Votes
1940 2nd Ernest Manning Social Credit 7,291 1935 2nd William Howson Liberal 5,324
2nd John P. Page Independent 7,291 2nd Samuel Barnes Social Credit 5,324
2nd Norman James Social Credit 7,133 2nd G.H. Van Allen Liberal 5,324
2nd D.M. Duggan Independent 6,731 2nd D.M. Duggan Conservative 5078
2nd Hugh John MacDonald Independent 6,649 2nd D.B. Mullen Social Credit 4,932
1940 1st Ernest Manning Social Credit 10,066 2nd Gerald O'Connor Liberal 4,922
1st John P. Page Independent 5,607 1935 1st W.R. Howson Liberal 9,139
1st Hugh John MacDonald Independent 4,128 1st Samuel Barnes Social Credit 4,476
1st Gerald O'Connor Independent 3,392 1st W.S. Hall Social Credit 2,818
1st D.M. Duggan Independent 3,878 1st D.B. Mullen Social Credit 2,500
1st L.Y. Cairns Independent 3,316 1st J.F. Lymburn United Farmers 2,092
1st Elmer Roper Cooperative Commonwealth 1,984 1st Orvis A. Kennedy Social Credit 1,781
1st H.D. Ainlay Cooperative Commonwealth 1,840 1st D.M. Duggan Conservative 1,466
1st E.C. Fisher Independent 1,607 1st G.H. Van Allen Liberal 1,255
1st C. Gould Social Credit 1,192 1st M.W. Robertson Social Credit 1,243
1st E. East Social Credit 1,117 1st Marion Conroy Liberal 1,238
1st James A. MacPherson Communist 1,067 1st William Atkinson Conservative 1,220
1st N.B. James Social Credit 967 1st Gerald O'Connor Liberal 1,116
1st C.B. Wills Social Credit 948 1st Jan Lakeman Communist 1,096
1st Marjorie Pardee Independent 822 1st Frederick Jamieson Conservative 1,029
1st W.H. Miller Cooperative Commonwealth 442 1st G.L. King Social Credit 843
1st G.F. Hustler Independent 400 1st J.C.M. Marshall Liberal 673
1st Samuel Barnes Independent Progressive 282 1st J.E. Basarab Conservative 671
1st J.H. Green Independent Progressive 108 1st Walter Morrish Liberal 612
1st James East Labour 505
1st Emily Fitzsimon Conservative 363
1st J.W. Findlay Labour 331
1st Elsie Wright Economic Reconstruction 192
1st Carl Berg Labour 192
1st S.S. Bowcott Labour 166
1st A. Farmilo Labour 127
1st D.M. Ramsay Conservative 71
1st Sidney Parsons Labour 52

1926 - 1930[edit]

Year Count Candidate Party Votes Year Count Candidate Party Votes
1930 2nd John Lymburn United Farmers 3,028 1926 2nd John Lymburn United Farmers 3,026
2nd David Duggan Conservative 3,028 2nd Charles Weaver Conservative 3,026
2nd Charles Gibbs Labour 3,028 2nd Charles Gibbs Labour 3,026
2nd W.R. Howson Liberal 2,915 2nd Warren Prevey Liberal 2,940
2nd Charles Weaver Conservative 2,903 2nd D.M. Duggan Conservative 2,265
2nd William Atkinson Conservative 2,360 1926 1st J.F. Lymburn United Farmers 3,046
1930 1st J.F. Lymburn United Farmers 3,230 1st Charles Weaver Conservative 2,202
1st David Duggan Conservative 2,665 1st Warren Prevey Liberal 1,517
1st Charles Gibbs Labour 2,262 1st Joseph Clarke Independent Liberal 1,179
1st Charles Weaver Conservative 2,013 1st John C. Bowen Liberal 1,147
1st W.R. Howson Liberal 1,835 1st Samuel Barnes Independent 1,060
1st William Atkinson Conservative 1,786 1st Alfred Farmilo Labour 973
1st Warren Prevey Liberal 1,331 1st F.J. Follinsbee Conservative 881
1st James Collisson Liberal 1,040 1st Charles Gibbs Labour 879
1st Alfred Farmilo Labour 832 1st William Thomas Henry Liberal 858
1st Samuel Barnes Labour 818 1st David Milwyn Duggan Conservative 857
1st Jan Lakeman Independent 752 1st Herbert Crawford Conservative 782
1st K. Knott Labour 745 1st James Findlay Labour 628
1st N.C. Willson Conservative 451 1st Jan Lakeman Labour 605
1st G.V. Pelton Liberal 442 1st William Rea Liberal 561
1st J.A. Buchannan Conservative 424 1st Elmer Ernest Roper Labour 478
1st Joseph Clarke Independent 424 1st M.W. Robertson Conservative 361
1st R.D. Tighe Conservative 189 1st J.W. Leedy Independent 140

Block Vote 1909 - 1913, 1921[edit]

Year Candidate Party Votes Year Candidate Party Votes Year Candidate Party Votes
1921 Andrew McLennan Liberal 6,498 1913 Charles Wilson Cross Liberal 5,407 1909 Charles Wilson Cross Liberal 3,282
John C. Bowen Liberal 5,803 Albert Ewing Conservative 5,107 John McDougall Liberal 2,977
Nellie McClung Liberal 5,388 1913 Alexander Grant MacKay Liberal 4,913 1909 Albert Ewing Conservative 1,595
John R. Boyle Liberal 5,361 William Antrobus Griesbach Conservative 4,499 John Gailbraith Independent 348
Jeremiah Heffernan Liberal 5,289 J.D. Blayney Independent 643
1921 William Jackman United Farmers 4,978
Albert Ewing Conservative 4,777
A.A. Campbell Labour 3,736
Herbert Crawford Conservative 3,553
Elizabeth Ferris Conservative 3,188
Robert McCreath Labour 2,931
Joseph Adair Independent 2,571
Elmer Roper Labour 2,515
Ambrose Bury Conservative 2,509
William A. Wells Conservative 2,329
John Cornwall Independent 2,082
A.L. Marks Independent 1,744
Gerald Pelton Independent Liberal 1,467
William Short Independent 1,447
William Ball Independent Labour 1,409
A. Boileau Independent 1,226
Mary Cantin Independent Labour 1,133
Ernest Brown Independent Labour 1,073
James Bailey Independent Labour 941
Joe White Independent Labour 927
Marie Mellard Labour Socialist 883

In 1913 Charles Cross was elected in Edmonton and Edson.

By-Elections[edit]

Party 1937 1936 1931 1924 1912
Liberal Edward Leslie Gray
17,788
W. Morrish
9,863
John C. Bowen
2,934
William Thomas Henry
4,640
Charles Wilson Cross
1,802
Conservative Frederick Jamieson
8,026
Albert Ewing
4,238
Albert Ewing
1,733
Labour Elmer Roper
5,583
H.M. Bartholomew
4,118
People's Candidate Joseph Clarke
10,000
Socialist Joseph R. Knight
183
Soldier Representative W. Griffen
3,389
Communist Jan Lakeman
1,779
Jan Lakeman
813
Unity Margaret Crang
6,129
Cooperative Commonwealth Harry Dean Ainlay
2,056
Progressive Labour Margaret Crang
1,275
Independent Rice Sheppard
257
G.V. Pelton
1,131

Plebiscite results[edit]

1948 Electrification Plebiscite[edit]

District results from the first province wide plebiscite on electricity regulation.

Option A Option B
Are you in favour of the generation and distribution of electricity being continued by the Power Companies? Are you in favour of the generation and distribution of electricity being made a publicly owned utility administered by the Alberta Government Power Commission?
22,351     50.99% 21,478     49.01%
Province wide result: Option A passed.

1957 liquor plebiscite[edit]

1957 Alberta liquor plebiscite results: Edmonton[3]
Question A: Do you approve additional types of outlets for the
sale of beer, wine and spirituous liquor subject to a local vote?
Ballot Choice Votes %
Yes 46,219 71.98%
No 17,994 28.02%
Total Votes 64,213 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 75
127,279 Eligible Electors, Turnout 50.94%
Question B2: Should mixed drinking be allowed
in beer parlours in Edmonton and the surrounding areas?
Ballot Choice Votes %
Yes 48,645 75.85%
No 15,485 24.15%
Total Votes 64,134 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 622
127,279 Eligible Electors, Turnout 50.88%

On October 30, 1957 a stand alone plebiscite was held province wide in all 50 of the then current provincial electoral districts in Alberta. The government decided to consult Alberta voters to decide on liquor sales and mixed drinking after a divisive debate in the Legislature. The plebiscite was intended to deal with the growing demand for reforming antiquated liquor control laws.[4]

The plebiscite was conducted in two parts. Question A asked in all districts, asked the voters if the sale of liquor should be expanded in Alberta, while Question B asked in a handful of districts within the corporate limits of Calgary and Edmonton asked if men and woman were allowed to drink together in establishments.[3] Question B was slightly modified depending on which city the voters were in.[3]

Province wide Question A of the plebiscite passed in 33 of the 50 districts while Question B passed in all five districts. Edmonton voted overwhelmingly in favor of the plebiscite. The district recorded slightly above average voter turnout almost just over the province wide 46% average with over half of eligible voters casting a ballot.[3]

Edmonton also voted on Question B2. Residents voted for mixed drinking with a super majority. Turnout for question B. Turnout for Question B was slightly lower and than Question A.[3]

Official district returns were released to the public on December 31, 1957.[3] The Social Credit government in power at the time did not considered the results binding.[5] However the results of the vote led the government to repeal all existing liquor legislation and introduce an entirely new Liquor Act.[6]

Municipal districts lying inside electoral districts that voted against the Plebiscite were designated Local Option Zones by the Alberta Liquor Control Board and considered effective dry zones, business owners that wanted a license had to petition for a binding municipal plebiscite in order to be granted a license.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Edmonton Official Results 1905 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Foundation. Retrieved 2008-08-10. 
  2. ^ "C.C.F. Candidate Wins By-Election at Edmonton Tuesday". Red Deer Advocate. September 23, 1942. p. 1. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Alberta Gazette 53 (December 31 ed.). Government of Alberta. 1957. pp. 2,247–2,249. 
  4. ^ "Albertans Vote 2 to 1 For More Liquor Outlets". Vol L No 273 (The Lethbridge Herald). October 31, 1957. pp. 1–2. 
  5. ^ "No Sudden Change In Alberta Drinking Habits Is Seen". Vol L No 267 (The Lethbridge Herald). October 24, 1957. p. 1. 
  6. ^ "Entirely New Act On Liquor". Vol LI No 72 (The Lethbridge Herald). March 5, 1968. p. 1. 
  7. ^ "Bill 81". Alberta Bills 12th Legislature 1st Session. Government of Alberta. 1958. p. 40. 

External links[edit]