Edmonton International Airport

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Edmonton International Airport
YEG Logo2.svg
YEG2013.jpg
IATA: YEGICAO: CYEG
WMO: 71123
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Transport Canada[1]
Operator Edmonton Airports
Serves Edmonton Capital Region, Alberta
Location Leduc County, near Leduc, Alberta
Focus city for
Time zone MST (UTC−07:00)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC−06:00)
Elevation AMSL 2,373 ft / 723 m
Coordinates 53°18′36″N 113°34′46″W / 53.31000°N 113.57944°W / 53.31000; -113.57944Coordinates: 53°18′36″N 113°34′46″W / 53.31000°N 113.57944°W / 53.31000; -113.57944
Website www.flyeia.com
Map
CYEG is located in Alberta
CYEG
CYEG
Location within Alberta
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
02/20 10,995 3,351 Asphalt
12/30 10,200 3,109 Asphalt
Statistics (2013)
Aircraft movements 142,269
Passengers 6,983,229
Sources: Canada Flight Supplement[2]
Environment Canada[3]
Movements from Statistics Canada[4]
Passengers from Edmonton Airports.[5]

Edmonton International Airport (IATA: YEGICAO: CYEG) is the primary air passenger and air cargo facility in the Edmonton region of the Canadian province of Alberta. It is a hub facility for Northern Alberta and Northern Canada, providing regularly scheduled nonstop flights to over fifty communities in Canada, the United States, Latin America and Europe. It is one of Canada's largest airports by total land area,[6] the 5th busiest airport by passenger traffic, and the 8th busiest by aircraft movements.[4][7] Operated by Edmonton Airports and located 14 nautical miles (26 km; 16 mi) south southwest[2] of downtown Edmonton, in Leduc County, and adjacent to the City of Leduc, it served 6,983,229 million passengers in 2013.[7]

History[edit]

Airside Terminal, 1979

Transport Canada selected the current site for Edmonton International Airport and purchased over 7,000 acres (28 km2) of land. When the airport opened in 1960,[8] its first terminal was an arch hangar. Today, it is in use by L-3 Communications. In 1963, a passenger terminal, built in the international style, was opened. It remains in use as the North Terminal. Artwork, fired by Alberta Natural Gas, adorned the departures area exterior. A large mural, commissioned by the Canadian government in 1963 for CAD$18,000 titled "Bush Pilot in Northern Sky" by Jack Shadbolt, remains to this day. An appraisal in 2005 indicated that the mural was worth $750,000, and a restoration of the mural was undertaken in 2007.

During the 1970s, the airport experienced a rapid growth in traffic as the city of Edmonton grew, and served approximately 2 million passengers by 1980. However, from the early 1980s until 1995, traffic declined. This decline was attributed to the continued usage of Edmonton City Centre Airport as well as to a slowing economy. Edmonton City Centre did not have the facilities to accept large aircraft, and airlines used City Centre to fly short-haul flights to hubs in other cities.

Growth returned in 1995. In a municipal plebiscite in that year, 77% of voting Edmontonians voted to consolidate all scheduled jet passenger service at Edmonton International Airport.[9]

In 1998, the airport underwent a $282 million "1998–2005 Redevelopment Project".[10] The three-phase project included the construction of a south terminal and central hall concept, a commuter facility, doubling of the apron, and a multi-storey parkade. This redevelopment project expanded the passenger capacity to 5.5 million.

By the time the expansion project was completed in 2005, continued passenger growth triggered planning for another expansion.[11]

Expansion[edit]

Terminal expansion in January 2010

An expansion program initiated in October 2007 is nearing completion. The expansion increased the number of gates available for aircraft, improved apron capacity, and significantly increased the number of food and beverage options available in the terminal for passenger use. It also implemented incremental improvements like improving de-icing capacity and implementing common use systems for airlines. The first phase of the project which included a parkade expansion and new toll plaza was completed in 2008.[12] As of late 2012, much of the new expansion has come online nearly doubling the size of the airport's departure area. A new international arrivals area staffed by Canada Customs is now fully operational as well. Construction of a new iconic control tower is also well underway.

Construction of an eight-storey, 213-room Renaissance hotel adjacent to the north terminal began in the summer of 2011 and is expected to open in the spring of 2014.[13][14][15][16]

Facilities[edit]

WestJet aircraft at Edmonton International Airport, as seen from the North Terminal

EIA is one of WestJet's largest focus cities: the airline flies to 27 destinations with 46 daily departures, non-stop, from Edmonton. WestJet is the largest carrier at Edmonton International Airport, holding more than 50% of the market share.[17] Edmonton is also a focus city for flag carrier Air Canada and Air Canada Express, which, combined, operate to 12 destinations.

Canadian North and First Air connect their northern networks through Edmonton.[18][19]

EIA offers US Border Pre-clearance facilities.[20] Passengers from domestic flights connecting in Edmonton to a US destination use EIA's Quick Connect, which relieves passengers from having to claim and recheck baggage during the connection, and the passenger remains post-security the entire trip.

EIA can handle aircraft designated as Code F by the ICAO (the Boeing 747-8 and the Airbus A380), and has been approved by airline as a diversion airport for the A380. They can be accommodated at gate 80A in the US departures area if the adjacent gates are not in use.[21] Such a diversion has happened at least once thus far.[22]

EIA has a wide catchment range encompassing Central and Northern Alberta, northern British Columbia, and Yukon and the Northwest Territories. Total catchment area is 1.8 million residents.[23]

EIA is located within the Edmonton Capital Region, close to the towns of Devon and Beaumont, the city of Leduc, and adjacent to the Nisku industrial park. It is immediately west of the Queen Elizabeth II Highway, south of Highway 19, and 1.6 km (0.99 mi) north of Highway 39. Within this immediate radius of the terminal there are many full-service hotels and offsite parking lots complete with terminal shuttle service to offer a full range of services to the traveling public.[24][25][26][27]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

American Airlines Airbus A319 landing at Edmonton International Airport
Canadian North Boeing 737-200 landing at Edmonton International Airport

Scheduled airlines and destinations[edit]

Edmonton International Airport provides scheduled non-stop flights to 59 destinations.[28]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Air Canada Montréal-Trudeau, Ottawa, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver
Seasonal: London-Heathrow[29]
South
Air Canada Express Calgary, Fort McMurray, Grande Prairie, Regina, Saskatoon, Winnipeg, Yellowknife North, South
Air North Whitehorse North
Air Transat Seasonal: Cancún, Liberia, London-Gatwick, Montego Bay, Panama City, Puerto Vallarta, Punta Cana, Varadero North, South
Alaska Airlines
operated by Horizon Air
Seattle/Tacoma US
American Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth US
Canadian North Yellowknife[18] North
Central Mountain Air Calgary, Fort St. John, High Level, Rainbow Lake North
Delta Air Lines Seasonal: Minneapolis/St. Paul (begins August 19, 2014) US
Delta Connection Minneapolis/St. Paul US
First Air Yellowknife North
Icelandair Reykjavík-Keflavik [30] South
Integra Air Lethbridge Executive
Northern Air Peace River[31] Executive
Northwestern Air Fort McMurray, Fort Nelson, Fort Smith, Hay River North
Sunwing Airlines Cancún, Montego Bay, Puerto Vallarta, Varadero
Seasonal: Cayo Coco, Freeport, Huatulco, Ixtapa-Zihuatanejo, Las Vegas, Liberia, Los Cabos, Mazatlan, Punta Cana, Santa Clara
North, South
United Airlines Denver, Houston-Intercontinental, Newark South1, US
United Express Chicago-O'Hare, Denver, San Francisco US
US Airways Phoenix US
WestJet Abbotsford, Calgary, Cancún, Comox, Fort McMurray, Kelowna, Puerto Vallarta, Toronto-Pearson, Vancouver, Victoria, Winnipeg, Yellowknife
Seasonal: Halifax, Hamilton, Mazatlan, Montréal-Trudeau, Ottawa, San José del Cabo
South
WestJet Las Vegas, Los Angeles, Phoenix
Seasonal: Orlando, Palm Springs
South1,US
WestJet
operated by Thomas Cook
Seasonal: Kahului US
WestJet Encore Calgary, Fort McMurray, Grande Prairie, Kamloops (begins February 15, 2015), Kelowna (begins August 1, 2014), Regina, Saskatoon North

1 These airlines have flights depart after US customs closes at 17:30, requiring passengers to clear customs at the arrival city.

Cargo[edit]

Expansion of the domestic and international terminal
The check-in area of the South Terminal
The Departures Lounge of the South Terminal, as seen from the Observation Deck in Central Hall
Airlines Destinations
DHL Express
operated by ABX Air
Calgary, Cincinnati
Cargojet Airways Winnipeg
FedEx Express Memphis
FedEx Feeder operated by Morningstar Air Express Vancouver
Purolator Courier operated by Kelowna Flightcraft Hamilton

Other operations[edit]

The following airlines operate out of private facilities:

Canadian North maintains its operations facilities on a building on the airport grounds.[32][33]

Statistics[edit]

Busiest Non-Stop International Routes from Edmonton (2012) [34][35][36]
Rank Airport Passengers Carriers
1 Phoenix 189,937 US Airways, WestJet
2 Las Vegas 175,683 WestJet
3 Houston-Intercontinental 134,693 United
4 Seattle/Tacoma 120,035 Alaska
5 Denver 106,125 United
6 Minneapolis/St. Paul 99,945 Delta
7 London-Heathrow 96,995 Air Canada
8 Cancun 88,562 Air Transat, Sunwing, WestJet
9 Chicago-O'Hare 86,889 United
10 Los Angeles 86,465 WestJet

Ground transport[edit]

Public transit[edit]

Edmonton Transit System (ETS) provides express service between the Edmonton International Airport and the Century Park LRT Station, facilitating connections to the region's wider transit system. Route 747 runs hourly between 4:10 a.m. and 12:00 a.m., with increased service during peak times. A one-way fare is C$5.00.[37][38]

Airport shuttle[edit]

The SkyShuttle services the airport and selected stops in the city of Edmonton typically adjacent to major hotels. This service must be pre-booked by phone or online. The fare for this route is C$18.00 one way per adult as of 2012.[39]

Operating conditions[edit]

Weather[edit]

Summer highs can reach 35.3 °C (95.5 °F), while winter lows have reached −48.3 °C (−54.9 °F), creating one of the widest temperature swings of a major airport in Canada. Humidity however, is typically low in all seasons.[40]

Regional air traffic control[edit]

The Edmonton Area Control Centre (ICAO: CZEG) operated by Nav Canada is located at the airport. It is responsible for all aircraft movements over Alberta (including Calgary) and most of northern Canada, including the high Arctic.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Airport Divestiture Status Report - Transport Canada. Tc.gc.ca (2011-01-12). Retrieved on 2011-04-23.
  2. ^ a b Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 6 February 2014 to 0901Z 3 April 2014
  3. ^ Meteorological data
  4. ^ a b Total aircraft movements by class of operation — NAV CANADA towers. Statcan.gc.ca. Retrieved on 2013-10-04.
  5. ^ "Cincinnati/Northern KY International Airport Air Traffic Statistics 2013". cvgairport.com. Retrieved December 19, 2013. 
  6. ^ Welcome to Edmonton Airports Corporate Information Site
  7. ^ a b "EIA Passenger Statistics 2012". Edmonton Airports. January 11, 2013. Retrieved January 30, 2013. 
  8. ^ EIA History – Edmonton International Airport. Corporate.flyeia.com. Retrieved on 2011-04-23.
  9. ^ "Edmonton City Centre Airport to Continue Serving Capital Region". Edmonton Airports. November 18, 2003. Retrieved January 26, 2012. 
  10. ^ "Continuous passenger growth spurs facilities review at Edmonton International Airport". Edmonton Airports. April 21, 2006. Retrieved January 26, 2012. 
  11. ^ "Edmonton Airports - Air Terminal Project (2005 - 1998)". Archived from the original on August 21, 2007. Retrieved January 26, 2012. 
  12. ^ "Phase I of Airport Expansion Complete". Edmonton Airports. May 16, 2008. Retrieved April 10, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Construction begins on Courtyard by Marriott hotel at EIA". Edmonton Airports. June 15, 2011. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  14. ^ "Marriott to open Alberta’s first Renaissance Hotel at Edmonton airport". Metro Edmonton. November 23, 2012. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  15. ^ "Newly expanded terminal opens to record-breaking US growth". Edmonton Airports. February 11, 2012. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  16. ^ "Renaissance Hotel at EIA". Edmonton Airports. Retrieved January 3, 2014. 
  17. ^ Passenger numbers stable in Canada in Q1; Ottawa only top 10 airport growing at more than 5%; Demand up at Air Canada and WestJet. anna.aero. Retrieved on 2011-04-23.
  18. ^ a b Canadian North Flight Schedule and Interactive Flight Map.
  19. ^ First Air route map
  20. ^ "Preclearance Locations". U.S. Customs and Border Protection. Retrieved January 26, 2012. 
  21. ^ Edmonton International Airport Technical Data Guide
  22. ^ "Lufthansa A380 Emergency landing" on YouTube
  23. ^ Edmonton International Airport Market Profile[dead link]
  24. ^ [1][dead link]
  25. ^ Leduc County map[dead link]
  26. ^ "Maps - Edmonton International Airport". Edmonton Airports. Retrieved January 26, 2012. 
  27. ^ Ground Transportation – Edmonton International Airport. Flyeia.com (2011-02-28). Retrieved on 2011-04-23.
  28. ^ http://flyeia.com/flights/fly-non-stop
  29. ^ http://globalnews.ca/news/893590/air-canada-grounding-direct-flight-between-edmonton-and-london-for-nearly-three-months/
  30. ^ "Icelandair Increases Edmonton Service". Icelandair. October 17, 2013. Retrieved October 18, 2013. 
  31. ^ http://www.flynorthernair.com/index/edmonton
  32. ^ "Administration" (Archive). Canadian North. Retrieved on March 21, 2014. "Operations Office - Edmonton 101 – 3731 52 Avenue East Edmonton AB T9E 0V4 Canada"
  33. ^ "pre-kearl_general_info.pdf" (Archive). Boilermakers Local 146 (Boilermakers Union). Retrieved on March 21, 2014. "3731 52 Ave E. Edmonton International Airport, AB. T9E 0V4."
  34. ^ U.S. International Air Passenger and Freight Statistics Report
  35. ^ UK Airport Statistics
  36. ^ http://www.sct.gob.mx/transporte-y-medicina-preventiva/aeronautica-civil/estadisticas/estadistica-operacional-de-aerolineas-air-carrier-operational-statistics/estadistica-historica-1992-2012-historical-statistics-1992-2012/estadistica-mensual-operativa-monthly-operating-statistics/
  37. ^ "Route 747". City of Edmonton. Retrieved May 30, 2012. 
  38. ^ "Bus service to airport starts Sunday". CBC.ca. April 26, 2012. Retrieved May 30, 2012. 
  39. ^ "Rates - Edmonton Skyshuttle". Edmonton Skyshuttle. Edmonton Taxi Service Group. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 
  40. ^ "Canadian Climate Normals 1971–2000, Edmonton International Airport". Environment Canada. November 29, 2012. Retrieved December 23, 2012. 

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

External links[edit]