Edmonton Transit System

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Edmonton Transit System
Edmonton Transit System Logo.svg
ETS bus 4299.jpg
Slogan Your Every Day Way
Parent City of Edmonton
Founded 1908
Headquarters Edmonton, Alberta
Locale PO Box 2610, Stn. Main Edmonton, AB
Service area Edmonton, Alberta
Service type Public Transit
Routes 209;[1] 1 LRT route
Stops 6803[2]
Hubs 26[3]
Stations 15 (LRT)
3 (under construction; due to open early 2015)
~7000 bus stops[3]
Fleet 969 buses
94 light rail vehicles
98 DATS vehicles[2]
Daily ridership 397,402 (weekday)[4]
Fuel type Diesel
Electric (trial(LRT is permanently electric))[5]
Operator City of Edmonton
Chief executive Charles Stolte (Manager)
Website Official site

The Edmonton Transit System, also called ETS, is the public transit service owned and operated by the city of Edmonton, Alberta. It operates Edmonton's bus and light rail systems.

Service[edit]

High Level Rail Bridge with lower LRT bridge and train crossing

ETS provides service on buses and light-rail transit within the City of Edmonton limits, in addition to Fort Saskatchewan, Spruce Grove, and the Edmonton Garrison at Namao. It also provides connections to suburban transit services operated by the City of St. Albert and Strathcona County. Another trial service to Beaumont in 2003-2004 was discontinued due to low ridership. ETS puts a route out to the Edmonton International Airport, and bus service to Leduc has been taken over by Leduc Transit.

ETS operates an entire fleet of accessible low floor buses,[6] which have been progressively introduced into the system since 1993. These include the 858 40-foot (12 m) New Flyer D40LF, and the 33 60-foot (18 m) D60LF articulated models.

ETS uses the timed-transfer system, where suburban feeder routes run to a transit centre, and passengers can then transfer to a base route/LRT to the city centre or the university. Some feeder routes provide direct express service to and from the city centre.

Smartbus[edit]

A new feature on ETS, Smart buses have since July 2013, seen operating on several routes, the trial routes were 128 and 111, serving Castle Downs from the University, and West Edmonton Mall to Downtown, respectively using 45 buses. As of November 2014, there are 16 routes equipped,.[7][8][9][10][11] Real time departure boards are installed at University Transit Centre as well as West Edmonton Mall Transit Centre, as well as real time bus arrival information on personal computers and mobile data, branded together as ETS LIVE, mobile apps are in the testing phase.[7] 304 buses have them as of Nov 30 2014.[7] The buses equipped possess automatic audio visual stop announcers of the next bus stop described by its nearest intersection, a computer aided dispatch which informed the control centre where a bus is, as well as monitor incidents. Mobile data terminals inform the drivers how to drive a route if they are unfamiliar, as well as if they are late or not. The buses equipped have internal covert cameras to monitor safety.[12]

Security[edit]

In May 2007, Edmonton Transit Security were appointed Peace Officers under the Alberta Peace Officer Act. Transit Peace Officers can hand out tickets for Provincial Statutes and Edmonton bylaws on Transit property. Transit Security uses Crown Victoria Police Interceptor cruisers as their main source of transportation, but are also seen riding the LRT enforcing bylaws.

Night service[edit]

ETS currently terminates service on all bus routes and the LRT by approximately 1:30 am on weekdays and midnight on weekends (though many routes cease running significantly earlier than this). In January 2008 the Transit Riders' Union of Edmonton managed to draw significant public and media attention to the dire need for extended late night transit service, ideally having transit operate 24 hours a day. The push was so successful that Transportation Manager Bob Boutilier conceded during the debate that it was not an issue of 'if' the city would provide 24-hour transit, but an issue of 'when'. The 24-hour service debate arose once again in June 2008 as part of an ETS service review where it was deferred to budget. It remains unclear at this time whether the city plans to extend transit hours later into the night, though several groups including the Transit Riders' Union of Edmonton and the Old Strathcona Business Association are continuing to push the issue.

A late night pilot service (561 Night Ride on Whyte) was proposed for Fridays and Saturdays, from September until November 2011, under contract to Responsible Hospitality Edmonton. The pilot project was to provide transit service between Old Strathcona, the University of Alberta and Southgate Centre between 1:30 and 3:30 a.m., but is postponed until stakeholders and community members can be consulted.[13]

List of transit centres[edit]

Bus on Route 51

* Transit Centre at LRT Station

Routes[edit]

ETS numbers its bus routes based on the community they serve, with numbers 1-29 being base routes. Routes numbered 30-99 are south Edmonton routes, while routes 100-199 run north of the river. For example, routes 60 to 79 are located in Mill Woods, while routes 160-179 are located in Castle Downs. Due to a shortage of numbers in allocation of route numbers, there are a number of exceptions (39, 59, 92, 93, 95, 98, 133, 136, 138, 139, 145). Furthermore, commuter routes have been allocated numbers 196-199. All routes are serviced by accessible low floor buses.[14]

Depots[edit]

  • Centennial Garage - bus facility opened 2010
  • Cromdale Garage - bus facility and historic fleet storage; former Edmonton Radial Railway trolleybus/streetcar barn
  • D.L. MacDonald Yard - LRT storage and repair facility; opened 1983
  • Ferrier Garage - bus facility; formerly trolleybus barn
  • Mitchell Garage - bus facility; formerly trolleybus barn
  • Paterson Garage - bus garage; bus disposal facility
  • Percy Wickman Garage - Disabled Adult Transit Service (DATS) facility
  • Westwood Garage - bus garage; opened 1961

Former[edit]

Former systems[edit]

Trolleybus system[edit]

ETS trolley bus

Trolleybus service in Edmonton started on September 24, 1939, operating on route 5 from 101 St/Jasper Ave to 95 St/111 Ave. By the end of October of that year, service had started on another route running to 99 St/Whyte Ave via the Low Level Bridge. In Edmonton, trolley buses were often referred to simply as "trolleys".

The trolleybus system used a mixture of Ohio Brass and K&M Elastic (Swiss) suspension for holding up the overhead wires.

The 49 vehicles remaining in use in 2008 were from an order of 100 manufactured in 1981-2 by Brown Boveri & Company (BBC), using bodies and chassis supplied to BBC by GM.[citation needed]

On June 18, 2008, city council voted 7 to 6 in favour of phasing out the trolley system in 2009 and 2010.[15] However, city council decided in April 2009 that trolley bus service would be discontinued earlier than originally planned, in order to reduce the city's expected $35 million deficit in 2009.[16] The last day of regular service was May 2, 2009.[17]

In 2008, a low-floor model of trolley was leased from Coast Mountain Bus Company, Vancouver's bus operating company, for testing of possible benefits of low-floor trolleys over hybrid diesel buses. During its time in Edmonton the bus was numbered 6000, but was returned to its original #2242 when returned to Vancouver.[18]

Streetcars[edit]

Edmonton operated streetcars from 1908 to 1952. Edmonton no. 1, 13, 31, 33, 42, 53, 65, 73, and 80 are with the ERRS along with many others from around the world with some operational, some being restored and some being completely re-built.

Current systems[edit]

LRT[edit]

An Edmonton LRT train at Health Sciences Station.
ETS SD-160 car 1039

ETS operates a 20.5 km light rail route with fifteen stations, also known as the Capital Line, between northeast Edmonton and the Century Park community, with a mix of tunnels and at-grade track. Six stations are underground, while the remaining nine are at-grade.

The train shown to the right is made in Germany by Siemens/DÜWAG. The same type of vehicle have operated on several underground lines in Frankfurt am Main since 1968 as type U-2. ETS also has Siemens SD-160s from Siemens. These were delivered to accommodate four new stations which opened in 2009 and 2010.

Hybrid/electric buses[edit]

Further information: Hybrid Technology

The City of Edmonton embarked on an eight-month evaluation of 13 clean-diesel and hybrid buses (and a new trolleybus) in 2008. Edmonton Transit's first two diesel electric hybrid buses went into service in December 2006.[19] The unique design and colour scheme of the two Orion low floor buses have been chosen to enable them to 'stand out' from the rest of the ETS fleet. The buses were part of an extensive test of hybrid technology that Edmonton Transit and the University of Alberta conducted over a year. Bus reliability, performance, maintenance costs, fuel efficiency, noise generation and environmental impact were monitored and evaluated in all weather and road conditions. As well, customers were surveyed about their travel experience. Ultimately, the Hybrid buses only recorded fuel savings of 10-20% (in contrast to the 35% touted in the internal ads). In addition, the ISE-New Flyer hybrids (6003 and 6004) were out of service so much that they could not be included in the evaluation.

As of fall 2009, only the two Orion hybrids are in service. New Flyer/ISE hybrids 6003 and 6004 have been parked in the Paterson compound since the early spring, and have since been converted to diesel buses as of 2011, while New Flyer/Allison 6001 was damaged beyond repair in an accident. New Flyer/Allison 6002 was revamped with new features and technology to become the ETS Platinum Bus, also referred to as the "Painted Lady".[20]

In Spring 2014 ETS unveiled a full electric bus for a four month pilot program running until October 2014. The buses are referred to as "ETS Stealth Buses" and are on lease from Build Your Dreams (BYD) Co. Ltd.. The buses do not have a fare box at the moment, but instead are accepting customer surveys about electric buses as fare.[21] Even without fare capacity the buses will be placed on several different routes around the city to give many Edmontonians the ability to experience the new exhaust-less bus. The current electric bus is not winterized, but if the city moves forward with the electric bus program they intend to acquire buses with full winter capabilities.

Fares[edit]

Current fares as of February 1, 2014:.[22] Edmonton City Council approved the SmartFare, which comprises of an electronic farecard and intermunicipal fare structure in December 2014, and is due to be fully implemented in 2019.[23]

General[edit]

Youth (6-18) Adult (19-65) Senior (65+)
Cash $3.20 $3.20 $3.20
10 Ticket Pack $21.00 $24.00 $21.00
20 Ticket Pack $42.00 $42.00 $42.00
Day Pass $9.00 $9.00 $9.00
Monthly Pass $69.00 $89.00 $14.00
Annual Pass N/A N/A $125.00

Conditional fares[edit]

ETS provides several discounts for students and the disadvantaged.

  • Low income seniors can pay $54.00 for an annual pass instead of the listed $125.00.
  • Public school students can purchase monthly passes from their schools at a subsidized rate ranging from $27.00 to $66.00 depending on grade and location.[24]
  • Catholic school students can purchase monthly passes ranging from $30.00 to $45.00.[25]
  • Families (1 adult and up to four children age 12 and under) are entitled to travel on ETS all day with the use of a valid day pass.
  • Post-secondary students at approved post-secondary institutions may purchase a monthly pass at the discounted rate of $81.00.
  • ETS has partnered with the University of Alberta, NorQuest College, Northern Alberta Institute of Technology and MacEwan University to provide students with a Universal Transit Pass (U-Pass), allowing unlimited access to St Albert Transit, Strathcona County Transit and ETS bus and light rail systems for a single (four month) school term. As of 2013, University of Alberta students pay $116.67 after a $23.33 subsidy from the University of Alberta while NorQuest College, NAIT and MacEwan University students pay the full $147.50.[26][27][28][29] The U-Pass came into effect September 1, 2007.
  • ETS provides Edmontonains with Disabilities on the Assured Income for the Severely Handicapped (AISH) Program a subsidized Adult Transit pass at a cost of $35 per month (Effective March 1, 2013)

Plans[edit]

Transit centres[edit]

The preliminary engineering of a park-and-ride at 127 Street SW and Ellerslie Road is completed, this will be a LRT station when the funds are available to extend the LRT over Anthony Henday Drive.[30] Another park-and-ride transit centre in the new Eaux Claires neighbourhood, at 97 Street and 157 Avenue opened on May 1, 2011. The city staff are recommending in the budget the Heritage Valley Transit Centre and Park 'n' Ride to be build starting in January 2018, at a cost of around 20 million dollars. This is partially because the Park and Ride at Century Park is mostly on leased land, and was from the start intended to be mostly temporary.[3]

NAIT LRT[edit]

A 3.3 km LRT route from the Churchill Station in downtown Edmonton to the Northern Alberta Institute of Technology has recently begun construction. The new line has three stations: one at MacEwan University (MacEwan Station), one on Kingsway Avenue (Kingsway/Royal Alex Station), and one near the Northern Alberta Institute of Technology (NAIT Station). MacEwan Station is located just east of the campus, and adjacent to Rogers Place, at 104 Street and 105 Avenue. Kingsway Station is located on the north side of Kingsway, to the south of the Royal Alexandra Hospital. As part of the plan, the current Kingway Transit Centre will be relocated to the southeast corner of 111 Avenue and 106 Street, to provide service to both Kingsway Mall and the Kingsway Station.[31] NAIT Station would be located north of Princess Elizabeth Avenue, on the south side of the Northern Alberta Institute of Technology's swimming pool and hockey arena (S) wing, before a permanent station is ultimately built after a long-term comprehensive land use plan of the Edmonton City Centre Airport lands are finalized.[32][33]

Long range LRT plans[edit]

City council in the past has looked at creating long range transportation plans that include the LRT reaching St. Albert to the northwest, Lewis Estates in the west (with West Edmonton Mall en route), the Edmonton International Airport and Leduc to the south, Mill Woods in the southeast, and Fort Saskatchewan to the northeast.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ETS Statistics". City of Edmonton. Retrieved November 15, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "Request for Qualification Valley Line LRT - Stage 1". City of Edmonton. April 23, 2014. Retrieved October 6, 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c http://www.edmonton.ca/city_government/documents/2015_CAPITAL_BUDGET_2015_2018.pdf
  4. ^ "Bus and LRT Boardings 2002-2011". City of Edmonton. February 3, 2012. Retrieved February 29, 2012. 
  5. ^ Dubois, Stephanie (August 28, 2014). "City of Edmonton’s ‘Stealth’ buses to be used in new shuttle service for NAIT students". Metro Edmonton. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Accessible Vehicles". City of Edmonton. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c http://metronews.ca/news/edmonton/1197741/five-more-edmonton-transit-bus-routes-to-get-real-time-technology/
  8. ^ http://metronews.ca/news/edmonton/1133514/four-more-edmonton-bus-routes-to-get-real-time-technology/
  9. ^ http://metronews.ca/news/edmonton/1079474/four-more-edmonton-bus-routes-to-launch-smart-bus-technology/
  10. ^ http://www.edmonton.ca/city_government/news/2014/two-more-routes-get-smart-bus-technology.aspx
  11. ^ http://www.edmonton.ca/transportation/ets/future_transit/smart-bus-initiative.aspx
  12. ^ http://www.edmonton.ca/transportation/ets/future_transit/smart-bus-initiative-frequently-asked-questions.aspx
  13. ^ "Whyte Ave. late-night bus project delayed". CBC News. August 16, 2011. 
  14. ^ "Low Floor Buses". City of Edmonton. Retrieved October 3, 2011. 
  15. ^ "Trolleys reach end of the line". Edmonton Journal. June 19, 2008. Retrieved October 2, 2009. 
  16. ^ Landry, Frank (April 19, 2009). "Mayor targets city honchos". Edmonton Sun. Retrieved February 5, 2010. 
  17. ^ "ETS Trolley Buses". City of Edmonton. Retrieved October 3, 2011. 
  18. ^ Edmonton Tests new Low Floor Trolley Bus
  19. ^ ETS - Hybrid Buses
  20. ^ http://www.etspe.ca/special/etsplatinum-08/etsplatinum.php
  21. ^ http://edmonton.ca/city_government/news/2014/city-introduces-electric-buses-to-edmonton.aspx
  22. ^ "Fares". City of Edmonton. Retrieved March 4, 2014. 
  23. ^ http://metronews.ca/news/edmonton/1228024/edmonton-council-approves-smartbus-funding-set-to-rollout-in-2019/
  24. ^ "Student Transportation Fees 2012-2013". Edmonton Public Schools. May 24, 2012. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
  25. ^ "Bus Pass Fees". Edmonton Catholic Schools. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
  26. ^ "U-Pass". University of Alberta. Retrieved February 2, 2012. 
  27. ^ "U-Pass". NAIT Students' Association. Retrieved February 3, 2013. 
  28. ^ "U-Pass FAQ". Grant MacEwan University. Retrieved February 2, 2012. 
  29. ^ "U-Pass". NorQuest College. Retrieved Sep 25, 2013. 
  30. ^ "South LRT Extension". City of Edmonton. July 2009. Retrieved 2010-04-24. 
  31. ^ "North LRT to NAIT Route Map". City of Edmonton. December 2010. Retrieved 2011-05-01. 
  32. ^ "North LRT Stations". City of Edmonton. Retrieved 2011-05-01. 
  33. ^ "North LRT Fact Sheet". City of Edmonton. May 2011. Retrieved 2011-05-01. 

External links[edit]