Edmund Goulding

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Edmund Goulding
Edmund Goulding helping two actors kiss 1927.jpg
Goulding helping position two actors for a kiss while making a film with the motion picture class at Columbia University in 1927.
Born Edmund Goulding
(1891-03-20)20 March 1891
Feltham, Middlesex, England
Died December 24, 1959(1959-12-24) (aged 68)
Los Angeles, California, United States
Occupation Director, writer
Years active 1925–1958
Spouse(s) Marjorie Moss (1931–1935) (deceased)

Edmund Goulding (20 March 1891 – 24 December 1959) was a British film writer and director. As an actor early in his career he was one of the 'Ghosts' in the 1922 British made Paramount silent Three Live Ghosts alongside Norman Kerry and Cyril Chadwick. Also in the early 20s he wrote several screenplays for star Mae Murray and directed by her then husband Robert Z. Leonard. Goulding is best remembered for directing cultured dramas such as Love (1927), Grand Hotel (1932) with Greta Garbo and Joan Crawford, Dark Victory (1939) with Bette Davis, and The Razor's Edge (1946) with Gene Tierney and Tyrone Power. He also directed the classic film noir Nightmare Alley (1947) with Tyrone Power and Joan Blondell, and the action drama The Dawn Patrol. He was also a successful songwriter, composer, and producer.

Biography[edit]

Before moving to films, Goulding was an actor, playwright and director on the London stage.

Interviewed about his Goulding biography Edmund Goulding's Dark Victory (2009), film historian Matthew Kennedy stated:

He not only directed many types of films, but he took on multiple functions on each set. Though he didn’t usually take credit, he co-wrote many scripts, composed incidental music, produced, even consulted on makeup, costumes, and hair styling. His one blind spot in production seems to be the camera...When shooting a scene, Eddie was intent on capturing performers at their best and most truthful, but he left the mechanics of filming to his cameramen...he seemed adept at just about everything — comedy (Everybody Does It, We’re Not Married!), ensemble dramas (Grand Hotel), family relations (White Banners, Claudia), war (The Dawn Patrol, We Are Not Alone), psychiatry (The Flame Within), show business (Blondie of the Follies), male-female relationships (The Devil's Holiday, Riptide), and even existentialism (The Razor's Edge) and the dark arts of spiritism (Nightmare Alley).[1]

He died during heart surgery at Cedars of Lebanon Hospital in Los Angeles, California.

Filmography[edit]

Year Title Production Co. Cast Notes
Silent films
1925 Sun-Up MGM Lucille La Verne / Conrad Nagel / Pauline Starke
1925 Sally, Irene and Mary MGM Constance Bennett / Joan Crawford / Sally O'Neil
1926 Paris MGM Charles Ray / Joan Crawford / Douglas Gilmore
1927 Women Love Diamonds MGM Pauline Starke / Owen Moore / Lionel Barrymore
1927 Love MGM John Gilbert / Greta Garbo
1928 A Certain Young Man MGM Ramón Novarro / Marceline Day Uncredited. Lost film.
1929 Queen Kelly Gloria Swanson Pictures Gloria Swanson Hired by Swanson to help complete and edit the film
Sound films
1929 The Trespasser Gloria Swanson Pictures Gloria Swanson
1930 Paramount on Parade Paramount Pictures Paramount Star Revue A musical revue using 11 directors and starring various Paramount stars / Some Technicolor sequences
1930 The Devil's Holiday Paramount Pictures Nancy Carroll / Phillips Holmes
1930 Hell's Angels The Caddo Company Ben Lyon / James Hall / Jean Harlow Hired by Howard Hughes to direct the silent scenes used in the final film
1930 Reaching for the Moon Joseph M. Schenck Pictures Douglas Fairbanks / Bebe Daniels
1931 Night Angel Paramount Pictures Fredric March / Nancy Carroll
1932 Grand Hotel MGM Greta Garbo / John Barrymore / Joan Crawford
1932 Blondie of the Follies MGM Marion Davies / Robert Montgomery / Billie Dove
1934 Riptide MGM Norma Shearer / Robert Montgomery / Herbert Marshall
1934 Hollywood Party MGM Hollywood Revue In an attempt to salvage the film, MGM producer Harry Rapf hired Goulding and 8 other directors, to direct sequences for the film
1935 The Flame Within MGM Maureen O'Sullivan / Ann Harding / Herbert Marshall
1935 A Night at the Opera MGM Marx Bros. Directed a few scenes
1937 That Certain Woman Warner Bros., First National Pictures Bette Davis / Henry Fonda
1938 White Banners Warner Bros., Cosmopolitan Pictures Fay Bainter / Claude Rains / Jackie Cooper
1938 The Dawn Patrol Warner Bros. Errol Flynn / Basil Rathbone / David Niven
1939 Dark Victory Warner Bros., First National Pictures Bette Davis / George Brent / Humphrey Bogart
1939 The Old Maid Warner Bros. Bette Davis / Miriam Hopkins / George Brent
1939 We Are Not Alone Warner Bros., First National Pictures Paul Muni / Jane Bryan
1940 'Til We Meet Again Warner Bros. Merle Oberon / George Brent Goulding shot 70% of the film around bouts of pneumonia
1941 The Great Lie Warner Bros. Bette Davis / George Brent / Mary Astor
1943 Forever and a Day RKO Radio Pictures Goulding directed a segment for the film
1943 The Constant Nymph Warner Bros. Charles Boyer / Joan Fontaine / Alexis Smith
1943 Claudia 20th Century Fox Dorothy McGuire / Robert Young
1944 Of Human Bondage Warner Bros. Paul Henreid / Eleanor Parker
1946 The Razor's Edge 20th Century Fox Tyrone Power / Gene Tierney / John Payne
1947 The Shocking Miss Pilgrim 20th Century Fox Betty Grable / Dick Haymes Goulding filled in for George Seaton while he was ill during production / Technicolor film
1947 Nightmare Alley 20th Century Fox Tyrone Power / Joan Blondell
1949 Everybody Does It 20th Century Fox Paul Douglas / Linda Darnell / Celeste Holm
1950 Mister 880 20th Century Fox Burt Lancaster / Dorothy McGuire
1951 Down Among the Sheltering Palms 20th Century Fox William Lundigan / Mitzi Gaynor / Jane Greer Technicolor film
1952 We're Not Married! 20th Century Fox Ensemble Cast
1956 Teenage Rebel 20th Century Fox Ginger Rogers / Betty Lou Keim
1958 Mardi Gras 20th Century Fox Pat Boone / Christine Carère Color film

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Edmund Goulding Q&A with Biographer Matthew Kennedy". Alternative Film Guide. Retrieved 2 April 2009. 

External links[edit]