Edmund Grey, 1st Earl of Kent

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Arms of Edmund Grey, Earl of Kent (d. 1489): Barry of six argent and azure in chief three torteaux. The torteaux are differences for this branch of the Grey family, whose basic arms are: Barry of six argent and azure
Arms of Edmund Grey, Earl of Kent (d. 1489): Quarterly, 1st and 4th: Barry of six argent and azure in chief three torteaux (Grey); 2nd and 3rd: Or, a maunch gules (Hastings) quartering Barry of argent and azure an orle of martlets gules (Valence). From his 1442 seal

Edmund Grey, 1st Earl of Kent (26 October 1416 – 22 May 1490), English administrator,[1] nobleman and magnate, was the son of Sir John Grey, KG and Constance Holland. His main residence was at Wrest near Silsoe Bedfordshire.

Lineage[edit]

Through Constance Holland, he was great-grandson of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster, the third son of King Edward III of England, by his first wife, and thus grand-nephew of King Henry IV of England and Philippa of Lancaster.

Grey succeeded his grandfather Reginald Grey, 3rd Baron Grey de Ruthyn in 1440.

He married Lady Katherine Percy, who was also a great-granddaughter of John of Gaunt by his third wife, Katherine Swynford, and also a paternal descendant of King Edward III of England through his second son, Lionel of Antwerp, 1st Duke of Clarence. After the death of their first son, the second, George, became his heir and eventually George Grey, 2nd Earl of Kent (d. 15 December 1505).

Knighthood[edit]

Edmund Grey was knighted following service in Aquitaine in October 1440. He attended the royal council between 1456 and 1458. Active militarily in the Wars of the Roses, he especially played a decisive rôle in the Battle of Northampton by switching his allegiance from the Lancastrian to the Yorkist cause. For this action he was rewarded by Edward IV with a grant of the manor of Ampthill ownership of which had come into dispute between Grey, Ralph Lord Cromwell and Henry Holland Duke of Exeter.[1]

Treasurer of England[edit]

Edmund Grey's appointment as treasurer of England was enacted at Westminster on 24 June 1463 but Walter Blount succeeded him in November 1464.

Earldom[edit]

He was created Earl of Kent on 30 May 1465, shortly after the marriage of his eldest son, Anthony, to the king's sister-in-law, Joan Woodville[1](she is sometimes known as Eleanor Woodville)[2] He was then appointed chief justice of the county of Meryonnyth, North Wales[3] and constable of Harlech.[1]

Posterity[edit]

His children by Katherine Percy included:

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Rosemary Horrox, ‘Grey, Edmund, first earl of Kent (1416–1490)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 accessed 4 Oct 2011
  2. ^ Charles Ross, Edward IV, Yale University Press (1997), page 93
  3. ^ Calendar of the Patent Rolls: Edward IV A.D. 1461-1467; p. 286, 467, (London, 1897).

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Worcester
Lord High Treasurer
1463–1464
Succeeded by
The Lord Mountjoy
Peerage of England
New creation Earl of Kent
1465–1490
Succeeded by
George Grey
Preceded by
Reginald Grey
Baron Grey de Ruthyn
1440–1490