Edmund Hakewill-Smith

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sir Edmund Hakewill-Smith
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Years of service 1915 – 1949
Rank Major-General
Battles/wars First World War
Second World War

Major-General Sir Edmund Hakewill-Smith KCVO, CB, CBE, DSO, MC (b. 17 March 1896, Kimberley, South Africa - d. 15 April 1986, Kingston upon Thames, Surrey) was a South African-born British Army officer, who served in World War I and World War II.

Early life[edit]

Hakewill-Smith was born in Kimberley, Northern Cape, South Africa, on 17 March 1896, he was educated at the Diocesan College ("Bishops") in Rondebosch, Cape Town, South Africa and at the Royal Military College, Sandhurst.

Military career[edit]

Hakewill-Smith was commissioned into The Royal Scots Fusiliers on 16 June 1915 and served in France during the Great War; he was wounded twice. He served with the British Military Mission to South Russia in 1920, and in 1921 he was Aide-de-Camp to Lawrence Dundas, 2nd Marquess of Zetland (Governor of Bengal, India).[1]

Hakewill Smith attended the Staff College, Camberley from 16 June 1915.

Hakewill-Smith initially served as officer-commanding the 5th Battalion, Devonshire Regiment, for several months from May 1940 and from September that year, as officer-commanding the 4/5th battalion Royal Scots Fusiliers, as an acting Lieutenant-colonel. He was promoted to temporary brigadier on 30 March 1941, and commanded the 157th and 155th Infantry Brigades, before taking over command of the 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division on 11 November 1943. Hakewill-Smith commanded the 52nd Division during the campaign in North-West Europe.[1] After the War, he commanded the Lowland District in Scotland before serving as President of the Military Court for War Crimes Trial of Field Marshal Albert Kesselring.[2] He retired in 1949.[1]

Hakewill-Smith was awarded the CB (1944) and CBE (1945), and also served as the Honorary Colonel of the Royal Scots Fusiliers (1946–1957). In addition, he served at Windsor Castle as a Military Knight of Windsor, later being appointed Lieutenant Governor of the castle (1964–1972) and was created a Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO) in 1967. He died in 1986.[1]

Awards and decorations[edit]


Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Lord Trenchard
Honorary Colonel of the Royal Scots Fusiliers
Succeeded by
Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Neil Methuen Ritchie
GOC, 52nd Division
Succeeded by
Robert Elliott Urquhart