|This article does not cite any references or sources. (December 2009)|
Gen. Knoll-Kownacki in full uniform, 1930's
July 12, 1891|
Pomiechówek near Płońsk, Congress Poland, Russian Empire
|Died||September 2, 1953
Wales, United Kingdom
|Years of service||1912|
Son of Kazimierz and Maria von Eynatten. After his matura exam in 1908 in Kaluga, he continued his education at the Department of Natural Sciences of the Moscow State University. After five semesters he was transferred to the Moscow Agricultural Institute. In the course of his studies he was subjected to compulsory military service for 12 months. He entered the army in September 1912 at the 19th Battery of Horse Artillery in Dubno, after which he passed his officers exam, earning the rank of reserve warrant officer.
In May 1913 he received his diploma in agricultural engineering. He worked for a year as a veterinary inspector in the Central Agriculture Association in Warsaw. Meanwhile, he entered the Rifleman Squads, with the nickname Kownacki. He graduated from the Rifleman Squad School in Nowy Sącz in 1914.
World War I
On August 6, 1914, at the beginning of World War I, he became a commissioned troop commander in the 2nd Rifleman Battalion. From 13 September he was a member of 1st Uhlan Squadron of Władysława Beliny-Prażmowskiego. From October 1914 he organised and commanded a battery of cavalry (part of 1st artillery regiment), later upgraded to a wing. After the Oath crisis of August 6, 1917 he was interned in a camp at Beniaminów. Granted temporary leave in May 1918 to deal with family matters, he never returned to the camp. On October 25 he was appointed to Polska Siła Zbrojna (Polish Military Force) and assigned to Headquarters of Artillery Inspector. In November he organized the 1st regiment of Legion's field artillery which he commanded on the eastern front.
September 1, 1919 – 1921.
Graduated in December 1924 with a General Headquarters Officer diploma.
World War II
In the battle since 1939; became a prisoner of war and was in detention through 1945 (since 27 April 1942 in Oflag VII-A Murnau).
After the war
He died on September 2, 1953 and was buried at the Beaumaris cemetery in Llangefni, Wales. He was married to Janina Chramiec, and had a daughter, Maria Barbara.
- Warrant officer – September 15, 1913
- Lieutenant – May 15, 1915
- Capitan – November 1, 1916
- Major – October 13, 1918
- Colonel – June 1, 1919
- Brigadier-general – January 15, 1927
Honours and awards
- Silver Cross of the Order of Virtuti Militari (1921)
- Commander's Cross with Star of the Order of Polonia Restituta, previously awarded the Commander's Cross and the Officer's Cross
- Cross of Independence
- Cross of Valour (six times)
- Gold Cross of Merit
- Commemorative Medal for War 1918-1921
- 10 Years of Independence medal
- Military Merit Medal (Austria-Hungary)
- Commander of the Legion of Honour
- Order of the Crown of Romania, 2nd class