Edmund Moster

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Edmund Moster
Edmund Moster.jpg
Born (1873-08-24)24 August 1873
Sveti Ivan Žabno near Križevci, Austro-Hungarian Empire, (now Croatia)
Died 1942 (aged 69)
Jasenovac concentration camp
Cause of death
Murdered in Holocaust
Nationality Croat
Occupation Entrepreneur
Spouse(s) Klara Moster

Edmund Moster (August 24, 1873 – 1942) was Croatian Jewish[1] entrepreneur, industrialist, inventor and co-founder of the "Penkala-Moster Company" (now TOZ) in Zagreb.[2]

"Penkala-Moster" pen and pencil company in Zagreb

Moster was born and raised to a Jewish family of Hinko and Terezija (née Lederer) Moster, with nine siblings in Sveti Ivan Žabno near Križevci. His father was much respected tradesman and steam mill owner in Sveti Ivan Žabno. The Moster family's wealth had been earned by diligence and shrewdness. Moster was married to Klara (née Breitenstein) Moster. In 1911, Moster and his brother Mavro collaborated with Slavoljub Eduard Penkala to open the "Penkala-Moster" pen and pencil company in Zagreb. Moster and his brother owned 66,6% of the company, and Penkala 33,3%.[3][4] Moster would later open another company, in Berlin, Germany, which was headed by his other brother, Alexander Moster.[5][4] Moster held 3 patents: improvements in refill lead pencils in 1916, improvements in or relating to paper-board heels for shoes and boots in 1936 and improvements in or relating to bottle closures in 1938. [6] Moster later developed the production of the Winner Records in Croatia. As a Jew, during World War II, Moster was deported and imprisoned at the Jasenovac concentration camp where he was killed in 1942.[1][7] His brother Bernard was also killed during The Holocaust in the 1942, at Rab concentration camp.[8] After the war "Penkala-Moster Company" was nationalised and renamed to "TOZ Company" by the regime of newly established SFR Yugoslavia.[2][9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Snješka Knežević (2011, p. 42)
  2. ^ a b "Što bi Zagreb bio bez Židova: Oni su gradu dali vodovod, tramvaj i '505 s crtom'". www.jutarnji.hr (in Croatian) (Jutarnji list). 
  3. ^ (Croatian) Zagreb, moj grad; Jura Gašparac; Eduard Slavoljub Penkala, Hrvatski sudionik civilizacijskog napretka Europe; February 2008., broj 10; p. 27.
  4. ^ a b "Penkala patentirao mehaničku olovku". www.hrt.hr (in Croatian) (Croatian Radiotelevision). 
  5. ^ (Croatian) Zagreb, moj grad; Jura Gašparac; Eduard Slavoljub Penkala, izumitelj automatske mehaničke olovke; December 2007., broj 9; p. 21.
  6. ^ "Edmund Moster - Assignee". Patentmaps. Retrieved 2013-01-01. 
  7. ^ "Edmund Moster". Pages of testimony by Egon Moster (nephew) and Dolores Ivanuša (Yad Vashem). 
  8. ^ "Bernard Moster". Pages of testimony by Egon Moster (nephew) (Yad Vashem). 
  9. ^ "Umjesto "Nade Dimić" u Zagrebu niče još jedan shopping centar". www.novilist.hr (in Croatian) (Novi list). 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Snješka Knežević, Aleksander Laslo (2011). Židovski Zagreb. Zagreb: AGM, Židovska općina Zagreb. ISBN 978-953-174-393-8.