Edmund Stafford, 5th Earl of Stafford

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Edmund Stafford
Earl of Stafford
Baron Audley
Stafford Coat of Arms.jpg
Stafford coat of arms
Spouse(s) Anne of Gloucester
Issue
Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham
Anne Stafford
Philippa Stafford
Father Hugh de Stafford, 2nd Earl of Stafford
Mother Philippa de Beauchamp
Born 2 March 1377
Died 22 July 1403
Buried Austin Friars, Stafford

Edmund Stafford, 5th Earl of Stafford and 6th Baron Audley, KB, KG (2 March 1378 – 21 July 1403) was the son of Hugh de Stafford, 2nd Earl of Stafford and Philippa de Beauchamp.

He inherited the Earldom at the age of 17, the third of three out of four brothers to inherit the title. His eldest brother, Sir Ralph, died before inheriting the title and his two elder brothers died without issue.

Marriage and children[edit]

He married Anne of Gloucester as her second husband under special license,[1] as she was the widow of his brother Thomas Stafford, 3rd Earl of Stafford who had died prior to the consummation of his marriage at the age of 18. Edmund and his brothers were ward of the Gloucester family.[2] Anne was the granddaughter of King Edward III by his son Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester and Eleanor de Bohun.

With Anne he had three children:

  1. Humphrey Stafford, 1st Duke of Buckingham who married Anne Neville, daughter of Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland and Lady Joan Beaufort. Joan was a daughter of John of Gaunt, 1st Duke of Lancaster and his mistress, later wife, Katherine Roet. Had issue.
  2. Anne Stafford, Countess of March, (d. 20 September 1432), who married firstly Edmund Mortimer, 5th Earl of March. Edmund and Anne had no children. She married, secondly, John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter (d.1447) and had one son and a daughter: Henry, Duke of Exeter (1430 – 1475) and Lady Anne Holland (d. 26 December 1486).
  3. Philippa Stafford, died young.

Later life and death[edit]

He was made a Knight of the Bath, along with his younger brother Hugh, at the coronation of Henry IV and a Knight of the Garter in 1403.[1]

He was killed by the Scotsman, Archibald Douglas, 4th Earl of Douglas while fighting with the royalist forces of King Henry IV at the Battle of Shrewsbury on 22 July 1403. He was buried at the Church of the Austin Friars in Stafford.

Shakespeare[edit]

The 5th Earl is featured in both parts of the play Henry IV by William Shakespeare.

Ancestors[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b A general and heraldic dictionary of the peerages of England, Ireland and Scotland, extinct, dormant and in abeyance by John Burke. Publisher Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley, 1831. p491. From Google books, accessed 24 January 2010.
  2. ^ The historic peerage of England: exhibiting, under alphabetical arrangement, the origin, descent, and present state of every title of peerage which has existed in this country since the Conquest; being a new edition of the "Synopsis of the Peerage of England" by Sir Nicholas Harris Nicolas and William Courthope, published 1857. Google Books, accessed 24 January 2010.
Peerage of England
Preceded by
William Stafford
Earl of Stafford
1395–1403
Succeeded by
Humphrey Stafford
Preceded by
William Stafford
Baron Audley
1395-1403
Succeeded by
Humphrey Stafford