Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond

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Edmund Tudor
Earl of Richmond
Eddytudor.jpg
Tomb Effigy of Edmund Tudor
Spouse(s) Lady Margaret Beaufort

Issue

Henry VII of England
Father Owen Tudor
Mother Catherine of Valois
Born 11 June 1431
Died 3 November 1456(1456-11-03) (aged 25)
Coat of arms of Edmund Tudor, first Earl of Richmond

Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond (1430[contradiction] – 1 or 3 November 1456), also known as Edmund of Hadham (Welsh: Edmwnd Tudur), was the father of King Henry VII of England and a member of the Tudor family of Penmynydd, North Wales.

Birth and early life[edit]

Edmund Tudor was born either at Much Hadham Palace in Hertfordshire or at Hadham in Bedfordshire, an older son of Owen Tudor and Catherine of Valois (widow of King Henry V of England). It is not known for certain whether he was born legitimately after his parents were secretly married.

In 1436, his mother retired to Bermondsey Abbey where she died in 1437. Therefore he and his brother Jasper were brought up in the care of Katherine de la Pole, abbess of Barking, with whom they remained till 1442. The abbess then brought them to Henry VI's notice, who in turn sent them over as the charges of certain priests to be educated.[1] When Edmund grew up, Henry kept him at his court.[1] Edmund was knighted on 15 December 1449, summoned to parliament as Earl of Richmond on 30 January 1452, and created Earl of Richmond and premier earl on 6 March, acceding on 23 November, and Jasper was created Earl of Pembroke. In the parliament of 1453 Edmund was formally declared legitimate.[1] Henry made him large grants, particularly in 1454.

Lineage[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ednyfed Fychan
d. 1246
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goronwy ab Ednyfed
d. 1268
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tudur Hen
(also known as Tudur ap Goronwy)
d. 1311
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Goronwy ap Tudur Hen
d. 1331
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Elen ferch Tomos
(mother of Owain Glyndŵr)
 
 
Marged ferch Tomos
 
 
Tudur ap Goronwy
d. 1367
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Maredudd ap Tudur
d.1406
 
Rhys ap Tudur
d. 1409
 
Gwilym ap Tudur
d. 1413
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Owen Tudor
(Owain Tudur)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Edmund Tudor, 1st Earl of Richmond
d. 1456
 
Jasper Tudor
d.1495
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Henry VII of England
d. 1509

Marriage to Margaret Beaufort[edit]

In 1452 Lady Margaret Beaufort, the nine-year-old daughter of the Duke of Somerset was summoned to the court of her second cousin, King Henry and the following year Edmund was granted wardship. On 1 November 1455 at Bletsoe Castle, she was married to Edmund. By the end of the following November, he was dead, leaving his 13-year-old widow pregnant with the future King Henry VII.

Capture, captivity and death[edit]

Tomb of Edmund Tudor, St David's Cathedral

The Wars of the Roses had begun and Edmund (a Lancastrian) was captured by Yorkist partisan William Herbert in mid-1456. Herbert imprisoned him at Carmarthen Castle in South Wales, where he died of the plague on 3 November 1456, and was buried at Carmarthen Grey Friars. His elegy was written by Lewys Glyn Cothi. His remains were, at the dissolution of the monasteries in 1539, removed to the choir of St David's Cathedral.

Edmund's only child, the future Henry VII, was born at Pembroke Castle, almost three months after his death.

Peerage of England
Preceded by
Vacant
previously held by
John of Lancaster
Earl of Richmond
(with Honour of Richmond)

1452–1456
Succeeded by
Henry Tudor
During War of the Roses
Considered Forfeit by Yorkists 1461
merged into the crown under Edward IV
(Honour of Richmond
held by George Plantagenet
1472-1478)

References[edit]