Edmund de la Pole, 3rd Duke of Suffolk

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Edmund de la Pole
Duke/Earl of Suffolk
Coat of arms of Sir Edmund de la Pole, 3rd Duke of Suffolk, KG.png
Arms of Sir Edmund de la Pole,
3rd Duke of Suffolk, KG
Yorkist heir to the Kingdom of England
Tenure 16 June 1487 – 30 April 1513
Predecessor John de la Pole, Earl of Lincoln
Successor Richard de la Pole
Spouse(s) Margaret Scrope
Noble family House of York
Father John de la Pole, 2nd Duke of Suffolk
Mother Elizabeth of York, Duchess of Suffolk
Born 1471
England
Died 30 April 1513

Edmund de la Pole, 3rd Duke of Suffolk, 6th Earl of Suffolk, KG (1471/1472 – 30 April 1513), Duke of Suffolk, was a son of John de la Pole, 2nd Duke of Suffolk and his wife Elizabeth of York.

Family[edit]

His mother was the second surviving daughter of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York and Cecily Neville. She was also a younger sister to Edward IV of England and Edmund, Earl of Rutland as well as an older sister to Margaret of York, George Plantagenet, 1st Duke of Clarence and Richard III of England.

His paternal grandparents were William de la Pole, 1st Duke of Suffolk and Alice Chaucer. Suffolk was an important English soldier and commander in the Hundred Years' War, and later Lord Chamberlain of England. Alice Chaucer was a daughter of Thomas Chaucer, Speaker of the Commons on three occasions, Chief Butler of England for almost thirty years, and granddaughter of the poet Geoffrey Chaucer.

Yorkist heir[edit]

His eldest brother John de la Pole, Earl of Lincoln (c. 1464-1487), was heir-apparent to his maternal uncle, Richard III of England,[1] who gave him a pension and the reversion of the estates of Lady Margaret Beaufort. However, on the accession of Henry VII following the Battle of Bosworth Field, Lincoln took the oath of allegiance instead of claiming the throne for himself. In 1487, Lincoln joined the rebellion of Lambert Simnel and was killed at the Battle of Stoke.[2]

After the death of his older brother, Edmund became the leading Yorkist claimant to the throne. Nevertheless, he succeeded to the title Duke of Suffolk in 1491, though in 1493 Edmund's title was demoted to the rank of Earl.[3] He married Margaret, daughter of Sir Richard Scrope.

In 1501 the headstrong Edmund fled the Kingdom of England with the help of Sir James Tyrrell, who was subsequently executed for these actions.[4] Edmund sought the help of Maximilian I, the Holy Roman Emperor. In 1502 Maximillian agreed to a treaty not to back de la Pole should he make an attempt on the throne of England. In 1506, Maximilian's son, Philip of Burgundy, was blown off course while sailing, and reluctantly and unexpectedly became a guest of Henry VII. Needing to set sail again in order to claim his wife's inheritance (Castile), he was persuaded by Henry to hand over the Earl of Suffolk. Henry agreed to the proviso that Suffolk would not be harmed and restricted himself to imprisoning the Earl. The next king, Henry VIII, did not feel bound to this agreement and had Suffolk executed in 1513.[5]

Montaigne, in his "Essays", said that Henry VII, in his will, instructed his son to put Suffolk to death immediately after his own decease, and he criticized Henry for requiring that his son do what he himself would not do.[6]

His younger brother, Richard de la Pole, declared himself Earl of Suffolk and was the leading Yorkist pretender until his death at the Battle of Pavia on 24 February 1525.[7]

Ancestors[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Henry VII and the English nobility", T.B. Pugh, The Tudor nobility, ed. G.W.. Bernard, (Manchester University Press, 1992), 51.
  2. ^ "Henry VII and the English nobility", T.B. Pugh, The Tudor nobility, ed. G.W.. Bernard, 64.
  3. ^ Handbook of British Chronology, ed. E. B. Pryde, D. E. Greenway, (Cambridge University Press, 2003), 484.
  4. ^ S.B. Chrimes, Henry VII, (Yale University Press, 1977), 93.
  5. ^ J. D. Mackie, The Earlier Tudors, 1485-1558, (Clarendon Press, 1952), 267. – via Questia (subscription required)
  6. ^ Michel de Montaigne "Essays" (1580), Book One, Chapter 7 'That our actions should be judged by our intentions'.
  7. ^ J. L. Laynesmith, The Last Medieval Queens: English Queenship 1445-1503, (Oxford University Press, 2004), 207 n143. – via Questia (subscription required)

References[edit]

Peerage of England
Preceded by
John de la Pole
Duke of Suffolk
1491–1513
Succeeded by
Forfeit