Edna, Texas

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Edna, Texas
City
Edna City Hall
Edna City Hall
Motto: "Experience The Blessings..."
Location of Edna, Texas
Location of Edna, Texas
Coordinates: 28°58′36″N 96°38′48″W / 28.97667°N 96.64667°W / 28.97667; -96.64667Coordinates: 28°58′36″N 96°38′48″W / 28.97667°N 96.64667°W / 28.97667; -96.64667
Country United States
State Texas
County Jackson
Area
 • Total 3.9 sq mi (10.1 km2)
 • Land 3.9 sq mi (10.1 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 66 ft (20 m)
Population (2000)
 • Total 5,899
 • Density 1,512.0/sq mi (583.8/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 77957
Area code(s) 361
FIPS code 48-22720[1]
GNIS feature ID 1356828[2]
Though the Edna Theater closed in the 1972s, a group is seeking to revive it for community theater purposes.

Edna is a city in Jackson County, Texas, United States. The population was 5,499 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Jackson County.[3]

Edna is the gateway to 11,000-acre (45 km2) Lake Texana, which covers the site of Texana, Texas. The city has a hospital, convalescent home, library, museum, city park with swimming pool, three banks, two savings and loan associations, a country club with a nine-hole golf course, and Oak Creek Village, a retirement community. It is the center of a prosperous agricultural area with petroleum and natural gas production and has an active chamber of commerce, oilfield service industries, and two grain elevators.

The town was named after a daughter of Count Joseph Telfener - an Italian entrepreneur who was building a railroad from Rosenberg to Victoria. Other family members had towns named after them as well. While the railroad had the ambitious name of The New York, Texas and Mexican Railroad, it didn't originate in New York, nor did it reach Mexico. Known as "The Macaroni Line" for the Italian workmen who were brought from Italy for construction, the rails eventually went as far as Victoria.

On the courthouse lawn is a monument to Irwin Moore Laughter (July 28, 1893 - June 19, 1916) of the United States Navy, who was killed in Mazatlan, Mexico, during the attempt by General John J. Pershing to capture the Mexican bandit Pancho Villa.[4]

Geography[edit]

Edna is located at 28°58′36″N 96°38′48″W / 28.97667°N 96.64667°W / 28.97667; -96.64667 (28.976550, -96.646568).[5]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.9 square miles (10 km2), all of it land.

Edna is located in the gulf-coast region of Texas. The region is dominated by large live oak trees, heavily wooded areas, and lush farmland.

Edna is located on U.S. Hwy. 59 (Future I-69), otherwise known as The Houston Southwest Frwy. Edna is exactly 100 miles (160 km) south-west of Houston, Texas and 120 miles (190 km) north-east of Corpus Christi, Texas.

History[edit]

Edna, the county seat of Jackson County, was established in 1882 when the New York, Texas and Mexican Railway line was built from Rosenberg to Victoria and bypassed Texana, Texas then the county seat. Construction of the railroad began in September 1881. Edna was laid out on land owned by Mrs. Lucy Flournoy, who conveyed right-of-way and a half interest in the townsite to the railroad, which was promoted and built by Italian Count Joseph Telfener. The town was named for a daughter of the count. The NYT&M, nicknamed the "Macaroni," was constructed by Italian laborers, most of whom were brought from Lombardy by Telfener. After completion of the road, the majority of the crew remained in the area and established homes. The first train arrived on July 4, 1882; the first merchant was Gideon Egg, who moved his general merchandise store from Texana in 1882, and the first child born in the new community was Edna Louise Traylor.

In an election of January 22, 1883, residents voted to make Edna the county seat in place of Texana. The contract for a new courthouse was awarded on February 11, 1884. A post office opened in 1886. The first church congregations in Edna were the Methodist and Presbyterian, whose memberships moved from Texana almost intact. The latter brought their 1859 sanctuary with them overland eight miles (13 km). It was also used by other denominations for worship services. The oldest public building remaining in the county, the Texana Presbyterian Church, has been restored and serves in Edna as an area cultural center. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and is a recorded Texas historic landmark. The first newspaper in Edna was the Jackson County Progress. The newspaper plant, along with a large part of the business district, was destroyed in 1906 in the town's second disastrous fire. Succeeding the Progress was the Edna Herald, first published on November 22, 1906.

The 1954 Supreme Court case Hernandez v. Texas concerned the racial context of the jury selection for a trial that took place in Edna. The landmark decision of the case determined that Mexican Americans and all other racial groups in the United States had equal protection under the 14th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1930 1,752
1940 2,724 55.5%
1950 3,855 41.5%
1960 5,038 30.7%
1970 5,332 5.8%
1980 5,634 5.7%
1990 5,343 −5.2%
2000 5,899 10.4%
2010 5,499 −6.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 5,899 people, 2,227 households, 1,523 families, residing in the city. The population density was 1,512.0 people per square mile (584.0/km²). There were 2,609 housing units at an average density of 668.7 per square mile (258.3/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 64.82% White, 13.65% African American, 0.49% Native American, 0.76% Asian, 17.48% from other races, and 2.80% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 31.17% of the population.

There were 2,227 households out of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 15.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.6% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.20.

In the city the population was spread out with 29.2% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 15.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,000, and the median income for a family was $35,659. Males had a median income of $32,000 versus $19,079 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,193. About 18.5% of families and 20.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.7% of those under age 18 and 17.0% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The City of Edna is served by the Edna Independent School District, including one elementary school, a middle school, and a high school. The mascot is the Cowboy.

Trivia[edit]

  • Edna has not always been the county seat of Jackson County. Texana (now a ghost town covered by Lake Texana) was the county seat in the mid-to-late 19th century, until Edna got it.
  • Edna is known as "The Flag City Of Texas", according to the city's website
  • The Mascot back in the 1920s used to be the EAGLE.
  • The First National Bank of Edna, later Allied Bank, was the first financial institution acquired by Houston-based Prosperity Bancshares.

Famous residents[edit]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Edna has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Laughter monument, Jackson County Courthouse, Edna, Texas
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  6. ^ Climate Summary for Edna, Texas