Edo State

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Edo State
Nickname(s): Heart Beat of Nigeria
Location of Edo State in Nigeria
Location of Edo State in Nigeria
Coordinates: 6°30′N 6°00′E / 6.500°N 6.000°E / 6.500; 6.000Coordinates: 6°30′N 6°00′E / 6.500°N 6.000°E / 6.500; 6.000
Country  Nigeria
Date created 27 August 1991
Capital Benin City
 • Governor
Adams Oshiomhole (ACN)
 • Total 17,802 km2 (6,873 sq mi)
Area rank 22nd of 36
Population (1991 census)
 • Total 2,159,848
 • Estimate (2005) 3,497,502
 • Rank 27th of 36
 • Density 120/km2 (310/sq mi)
 • Year 2007
 • Total $11.89 billion[1]
 • Per capita $3,623[1]
Time zone WAT (UTC+01)
ISO 3166 code NG-ED

Edo State is an inland state in western Nigeria. Its capital is Benin City. It is bounded in the north and east by Kogi State, in the south by Delta State and in the west by Ondo State.


Edo State was formed on 27 August 1991 when Bendel State was split into Edo and Delta State


The 1992 gubernatorial election, pitting John Odigie Oyegun (the SDP candidate) against Lucky Igbinedion (the NRC candidate) was annulled on 4 February of that year by the electoral tribunal. Among Igbinedion's claims were that the Oba of Benin and one of his chiefs, Nosakhare Isekhure, unfairly supported Oyegun. Oyegun's victory was upheld on 18 March 1992.[2]

On 20 March 2008, an election tribunal nullified the election of Oserheimen Osunbor People's Democratic Party,(PDP) and declared erstwhile labour leader Comrade Adams Oshiomhole of the Action Congress as the winner. The decision was based on several voting irregularities.[3]

Oshiomhole was voted for a second term in 2012.

Local Government Areas[edit]

Edo State consists of the following Local Government Areas:

  • Akoko-Edo
  • Orhionmwon
  • Ovia North-West
  • Ovia South-West
  • Esan North-East
  • Esan South-East
  • Esan Central
  • Etsako Central
  • Etsako East
  • Etsako West
  • Oredo
  • Esan west
  • Egor
  • Igueben
  • Ikpoba-Okha
  • Owan East
  • Owan West
  • Uhunmwonde


The major first languages spoken in the state are Ebira, Edo, Esan and Okpamheri.[4] Edo State is home to several ethnicities, among them the Bini, Okpe, Esan, Afemai, Ora,[disambiguation needed] Akoko-Edo, Igbanke, Emai and Ijaw. The 2013 Population Estimate of Edo state 4,553,667.


The University of Benin, Benin City, the Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, the Igbinedion University, Okada, and the Benson Idahosa University, Benin City, the Federal Polytechnic Auchi, Auchi are among the institutions of higher learning located in Edo State. College of Education (Benin), Ekiadolor.


Tourist attractions in Edo State include the Emotan statue in Benin City, Ise Lake and River Niger beach in Agenebode, Etsako-East; Ambrose Alli Square, Ekpoma, River Niger beaches at Ilushi, BFFM building at Ewu, College of Agriculture and Aqua Culture Technology, Agenebode, Okpekpe with its hills and scenes and the Somorika hills in Akoko Edo, where a government-run tourist center at Ososo is set among spectacular scenery.[5][6] The state produces crude oil.[7] The state is also noted for the following agricultural products: rubber, cocoa, cashew nuts and is blessed with precious stones like Quartz, Amethyst, Mica, Dolomite, Granite Stone and Lime Stone used in the production of Cement at Okpella. Among the Tourist centers is the Imiegba Uchikpo River in three Ibie Clan and hills.[clarification needed]

Notable People[edit]

  • Oba of Benin
  • Late Professor Ambrose Alli, Former governor of the defunct Bendel State. He created the Bendel State University now named after him.
  • Chief H.I. Igiehon, Engineer and two term president of the Nigerian society of Engineers, Former Chairman of Delta Steel Company
  • Professor Osayuki Godwin Oshodin, Vice Chancellor of University of Benin
  • Chief D.N. Oronsaye, prominent politician instrumental in creation of Midwest region and junior Minister of Finance
  • Jacob U. Egharevba, a Bini historian and traditional chief
  • Samuel Ogbemudia, former governor of the Midwest region of Nigeria and later Bendel state
  • Late Chief Anthony Enahoro, prominent anti-colonial and pro-democracy activist and politician
  • Dr. G.Sam Edo, Ph.D - Cyber Security Expert and an adjunct professor at Northeastern University, Boston, Ma
  • Dr Iyi Uwadiae, Ph.D - Former Head of National Office and current Registrar (WEST AFRICAN EXAMINATION COUNCIL)
  • Professor Emmanuel Emovon, first Nigerian Ph.D. in chemistry from the University College London and former Minister of Science and Technology of Nigeria
  • Late Dr J.O Itotoh, Ph.D - Former minister Internal affairs
  • Late Professor Festus Iyayi, novelist and first African to win the Commonwealth Writers Prize
  • Odia Ofeimun, poet and former president of the Association of Nigerian Authors
  • Tiamiyu Bello-Osagie, medical practitioner and long-running gynaecologist to several first families of Nigeria
  • Late Dr Abel Guobadia, educator and former Nigerian ambassador to the Republic of Korea
  • Chris Aire Iluobe,a world acclaimed jeweler of the Aire wrist watch
  • General Godwin Abbe, Former Nigerian Minister for Interior and Defence
  • Hon, Oladele Bankole Balogun
  • Sir Victor Uwaifo, musician
  • Victory Osayi Airuoyuwa, Web Developer, IT Professional and Founder of VibrantSharer.com
  • Late Sonny Okosun, musician
  • Felix Idubor, artist
  • Festus Idehen, sculptor
  • Erhabor Emokpae, painter, sculptor, and graphic designer
  • Solomon Irein-Wangboje, painter
  • Ben Osawe, sculptor
  • Dominic Osaghae, Medical Doctor, former National Chairman, Nigerian Medical Association
  • Festus Ezeli, basketball player with the Golden State Warriors
  • Dr. Tunde Obanor, Distinguished Medical Practitioner, Activist
  • His Royal Highness, The Olokpe of Okpe, Oba Idogun the 3rd of Okpe Kingdom JP, OON.
  • Modupe Ozolua, Body Enhancement and Reconstructive Surgery
  • Cliff Ogiugo, Artist, Cartoonist (Creator of Little Joe character)
  • Chief Tony Anenih, Chairman Board of trustee (PDP) Once Minister of Work.
  • Dr Tonnie Iredia, former Director-General of the Nigerian Television Authority (NTA)
  • Rawlings Ogedegbe, Prominent Politician And Good Will Ambassador
  • Charles Osasere Omere, Legal Practitioner and Social Commentator
  • Late Vice Admiral Mike Akhigbe, former chief of naval staff and vice president of Nigeria
  • Late Vice Admiral Augustus Aikhomu, former chief of naval and vice president of Nigeria
  • Mike Ozekhome, Legal practitioner, politician and human rights activist
  • Gabriel Igbinedion, foremost and international business mogul and bini high chief
  • Raymond Dokpesi, owner of Africa largest private television network and politician
  • Grace Egbagbe, former director of Nigerian Television Authority*
  • Late Prof. Omo Omoruyi, Distinguished Political Scientist and former Director General, Center for Democratic Studies
  • Late ArchBishop Benson Idahosa, Founder Church of God mission, Benson Idahosa University
  • Oliver Johnson Akhadelor, Prominent Software Engineer.
  • Late Bishop John Edokpolo founder and financial Midwest Region, Bendel state and Edo State. Founder Edokpolo grammar school
  • Late G.N.I. Enobakhare, Mathematician, author,Permanent Secretary of Education, first director of Continuing Education Center,first Dean of the Faculty in Department of Education, University of Benin
  • Sam-paul Osa-uwa Ogbeide, A Premiere Business Mogul and A Politician. Founder Spectrium Digital


  1. ^ a b "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Retrieved 20 August 2008. 
  2. ^ Osaghae, Eghosa E (1998). The Crippled Giant: Nigeria Since Independence. Indiana University Press. p. 236. ISBN 0-253-33410-1. 
  3. ^ "Governor's Election Nullified". Africa Research Bulletin; Political, Social, and Cultural series (Blackwell) 45 (3): 17419C–17420B. 2008. doi:10.1111/j.1467-825X.2008.01568.x. 
  4. ^ Seibert, Uwe (2000-04-24). "Languages of Edo State". University of Iowa. Retrieved 2007-11-10. 
  5. ^ "Edo State". NigeriaGalleria. Retrieved 28 December 2009. 
  6. ^ "70 Exciting Tourist Spots". OnlineNigeria. Retrieved 28 December 2009. 
  7. ^ Ogbeifun, Greg U (April 2006). "Importance of a Sea Outlet for Edo State". Retrieved 10 November 2007. 

External links[edit]