|Systematic (IUPAC) name|
|Mol. mass||548.056 g/mol|
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Edoxaban (INN, codenamed DU-176b, trade name Lixiana) is an anticoagulant drug which acts as a direct factor Xa inhibitor. It is being developed by Daiichi Sankyo. It was approved in July 2011 in Japan for prevention of venous thromboembolisms (VTE) following lower-limb orthopedic surgery.
In animal studies, edoxaban is potent, selective for factor Xa and has good oral bioavailability.
Several Phase II clinical trials have been conducted, for example for thromboprophylaxis after total hip replacement (phase III early results compare well to enoxaparin), and for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation (phase III has completed enrollment).
A large phase III trial showed that edoxaban was non inferior to warfarin in preventing recurrent venous thromboembolic events with fewer episodes of major bleeding. This paper follows similar recent major trials showing similar results for the other new factor Xa inhibitors, rivaroxaban and apixaban.
- "First market approval in Japan for LIXIANA (Edoxaban)". Press Release. Daiichi Sankyo Europe GmbH. 2011-04-22.
- Furugohri T, Isobe K, Honda Y, Kamisato-Matsumoto C, Sugiyama N, Nagahara T, Morishima Y, Shibano T (September 2008). "DU-176b, a potent and orally active factor Xa inhibitor: in vitro and in vivo pharmacological profiles". J. Thromb. Haemost. 6 (9): 1542–9. doi:10.1111/j.1538-7836.2008.03064.x. PMID 18624979.
- Raskob, G.; Cohen, A. T.; Eriksson, B. I.; Puskas, D.; Shi, M.; Bocanegra, T.; Weitz, J. I. (2010). "Oral direct factor Xa inhibition with edoxaban for thromboprophylaxis after elective total hip replacement". Thrombosis and Haemostasis 104 (3): 642–649. doi:10.1160/TH10-02-0142. PMID 20589317.
- "Phase III Trial Finds Edoxaban Outclasses Enoxaparin in Preventing Venous Thromboembolic Events". 8 Dec 2010.
- Weitz JI, Connolly SJ, Patel I, Salazar D, Rohatagi S, Mendell J, Kastrissios H, Jin J, Kunitada S (September 2010). "Randomised, parallel-group, multicentre, multinational phase 2 study comparing edoxaban, an oral factor Xa inhibitor, with warfarin for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation". Thromb. Haemost. 104 (3): 633–41. doi:10.1160/TH10-01-0066.
- "Edoxaban versus Warfarin for the Treatment of Symptomatic Venous Thromboembolism". N. Engl. J. Med. 369 (15): 1406–15. August 2013. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1306638. PMID 23991658.
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