Education Program:University of Utah/Gender and Economic Development in the Third World (Spring 2013)
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This course examines the gender dimensions of economic development and globalization from the perspective of feminist economics. This perspective implies foregrounding labor, broadly defined to include paid and unpaid work, and examining gender differences in work, access to resources, and well-being outcomes, and how these are affected by macroeconomic policies. Since the early 1980s economic globalization has been achieved on the basis of a common set of macroeconomic policies pursued in industrial and developing countries alike. These policies frame both the gender-differentiated impacts of policy and the initiatives that are implemented to reduce inequalities between men and women. The main objective of the course is to examine the impact of these policies on men and women in the global South (a.k.a. developing countries/Third World) on gender inequalities and to evaluate the policies/strategies for reducing gender inequalities and promoting the well-being of all people. The pursuit of these objectives will entail first a brief examination of the central tenets of feminist economics and an historical overview of the policy-oriented field of gender and development. Gender-differentiated statistics will be reviewed as they pertain to the topics under discussion.
Upon completion of the course students can expect to attain gender-aware literacy and skills in a number of areas:
Course Schedule and Readings
The readings for the course consist of a series of scholarly articles, and excerpts from books and international development agency reports. There is no textbook for the course. All the readings on the syllabus are available in electronic form on the course website on Canvas.
The outlines for each class meeting will provide up-to-date information on the schedule.
Readings denoted by * are optional background/overview readings.
January 7th: Introduction and Overview
Course objectives, themes, and expectations
The Impact of Wikipedia http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:The_Impact_Of_Wikipedia.webm
Gender and the Life Cycle and The Double Dividend of Gender Equality http://www.unicef.org/sowc07/
January9th: Gender Inequalities: An Introduction
Sen, Amartya, 2001. “Many Faces of Gender Inequality,” Frontline, India’s National Magazine, 18 (22): 1-17.
The World Bank. 2012. Gender Equality and Development: World Development Report 2012. Washington, D.C: The World Bank. Overview, pp. 1–6. http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWDR2012/Resources/7778105-1299699968583/7786210-1315936222006/Complete-Report.pdf
UNICEF. 2007. “A Call for Equality” in The State of the World’s Children New York: UNICEF pp. 1-2, 4-5 Figures 1.1 to 1.5. http://www.unicef.org/sowc07/
January 14th: Wikipedia Create Account & User Page and Sandbox
January 14th and 16th: Feminist Economics: A Thematic Overview
Sen, Amartya. 1990. “Gender and Cooperative Conflicts” in Irene Tinker (ed.) Persistent Inequalities, pp. 123-128, 131-140, 144-149, New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Nussbaum, Martha. 2004. “Promoting Women’s Capabilities” in Lourdes Beneria and Savitri Bisnath, eds. Global Tensions, Routledge: 241-256.
Power, Marilyn. 2004. “Social Provisioning as a Starting Point for Feminist Economics.” Feminist Economics 10(3): 3-8, 15.
January 23rd: Capability Deprivations: Women’s Health Issues
Guest Lecturer: Professor Caren Frost, Graduate School of Social Work
Appiah, Kwame Anthony. 2010. “Wars Against Women,” in The Honor Code: How Moral Revolutions Happen. New York: W.W. Norton and Co., Chapter 4, pp. 137–72.
January 29th: Wikipedia Page Review due
HISTORY OF THOUGHT OF GENDER, DEVELOPMENT AND GLOBALIZATION
January 28th and 30th: From WID to GAD
Razavi, Shahra and Carol Miller. 1995. From WID to GAD: Conceptual Shifts in the Women and Development Discourse, UNRISD Occasional Paper #1: 2-11.
Boserup, Ester, 1970. Woman’s Role in Economic Development, Allen & Unwin, Chs. 1 & 3.
Beneria, Lourdes and Gita Sen, 1981. “Accumulation, Reproduction, and Women’s Role in Economic Development Revisited” Signs 3 (2) (excerpt)
February 4th: Assignment due- CEDAW
February 4th and 6th: Postmodern Critique and Responses
Mohanty, Chandra. 1991. “Under Western Eyes” in C. Mohanty, A. Russo, L. Torres, eds., Third World Women and Politics of Feminism, Bloomington: Indiana UP (excerpt)
Abu Lughod, Lila. 2002. “Do Muslim Women Really Need Saving? Anthropological Reflections on Cultural Relativism and its Others” American Anthropologist, 104(3): 783-790.
Nzomo, Maria. 1995 “Women and Democratization Struggles in Africa: What relevance to Postmodernist Discourse?” Marchand and Jane Parpart eds. Feminism/ Postmodernism/Development, Routledge: 131-41.
February 8th: Wikipedia Proposed Topics Due
February 11th: Assignmentdue: Contrasting perspectives on veiling
February 11th: Human Development and the Millennium Development Goal 3
Sen, Amartya, 1999. “The Ends and Means of Development” in A.K. Sen, Development as Freedom, Knopf: 43-51.
UNDP, Human Development Report 2011, Table 1. http://hdr.undp.org/en/reports/global/hdr2011/
UNDP, Millenium Development Goals, http://www.undp.org/mdg/basics.shtml
February 13th: Assignment due: The world’s best (and worst) countries for women (based on the UNDP, Human Development Report 2011, Table 4)
February 13th, 20th and 25th: Unpaid Work: Conceptual and Measurement Issues
Film: Who is Counting? (1995) 52 mins.
Beneria, Lourdes, 2003. Gender, Development and Globalization: Economics as If All People Mattered. London: Routledge, Chapter 5.
Folbre, Nancy. 2006. “Measuring Care: Gender, Empowerment, and the Care Economy.” Journal of Human Development 7(2): 183–199
February 19: Wikipedia Proposal due
February 27: MIDTERM EXAM (covers Parts I and II)
March 1: Talk page Contributions (to WikiProject and Article Pages) Due
GLOBALIZATION AND GENDER INEQUALITIES
March 4th: Global Feminization of Labor
Standing, Guy. 1999. “Global Feminization through Flexible Labor: A Theme Revisited,” World Development 27 (3): 583-586.
Elson, Diane and Ruth Pearson. 1981. “The Subordination of Women and Internationalization of Factory Production” in K.Young et al. Of Marriage and the Market, CSE 214-216; 219-221.
Seguino, Stephanie. 1997. “Gender Wage Inequality and Export-Led Growth in South Korea,” Journal of Development Studies 34 (2): 102-132.
Berik, Günseli and Yana Rodgers, “Engendering Development Strategies and Macroeconomic Policies: What’s Sound and Sensible?” in Günseli Berik, Yana Rodgers, and Ann Zammit, eds., Social Justice and Gender Equality, Routledge: 16-22. (*)
March 6th and 18th: Working Conditions in Global Factories
Film: China Blue (2005) 87 mins.
Pun Ngai, 2007. “Gendering the Dormitory Labor System: Production, Reproduction and Migrant Labor in South China” Feminist Economics 13 (3-4): 239-258.
Kabeer, Naila. 2004. “Globalization, Labor Standards, and Women's Rights: Dilemmas of Collective (In)action in an Interdependent World,” Feminist Economics 10 (1): 3-35.
March 18th: Assignment due: Summary and response to China Blue
March 20th and 25th: Structural Adjustment and Neoliberal Macroeconomic Policies
Berik, Günseli and Yana Rodgers, 2008. “Engendering Development Strategies and Macroeconomic Policies: What’s Sound and Sensible?” in Günseli Berik, Yana Rodgers, and Ann Zammit, eds., Social Justice and Gender Equality, Routledge: 22-28. (*)
Elson, Diane and Nilüfer Çağatay. 2000. “The Social Content of Macroeconomic Policies” in World Development, 28 (7): 1354-1358, 1360-1361.
Film: Rich World, Poor Women (2003) (segment)
Liu, Jie-yu. 2007. “Gender Dynamics and Redundancy in Urban China” Feminist Economics 13 (3-4): 125-158.
Kim, Haejin and Paula B. Voos. 2007. “The Korean Economic Crisis and Working Women,” Journal of Contemporary Asia 37(2): 190-208.
March 22: Wikipedia Initial Contribution to Mainspace for Workshop
March 27: Wikipedia Workshop class
April 1st: Gender and Poverty
Chant, Sylvia. 2008. “The ‘Feminization of Poverty’ and the ‘Feminization’ of Anti-poverty Programmes: Room for Revision?” Journal of Development Studies, 44(2).
Gammage, Sarah. 2010. “Time Pressed and Time Poor: Unpaid Household Work in Guatemala” Feminist Economics 16(3), July: 79-112
April 8th: Wikipedia Revised Contribution Due
April 3rd and 10th: International Migration and Trafficking
Film: Letters from the Other Side (2006)
Jason de Parle, “A Good Provider is One Who Leaves” New York Times, April 22, 2007.
Beneria, Lourdes. 2008. “The Crisis of Care, International Migration and Public Policy,” Feminist Economics, 14(3): 8-12.
Rao, Smriti, and Christina Parenti. 2012. Understanding Human Trafficking Origin: A Cross-Country Empirical Analysis.” Feminist Economics 18(2): 231-263.
Rosewarne, Stuart. 2012. “Temporary International Labor Migration and Development in South and Southeast Asia” Feminist Economics 18(2): 63-90.
POLICIES/STRATEGIES FOR ADVANCING WELL-BEING AND OVERCOMING GENDER DISPARITIES
April 15th: Access to Credit
Banerjee, Abhijit V. and Esther Duflo. 2011. “Barefoot Hedge-Fund Managers” and “The Men from Kabul and the Eunuchs of India: The (Not So) Simple Economics of Lending to the Poor,” in Poor Economics: A Radical Rethinking of the Way to Fight Global Poverty. New York: PublicAffairs. Chapters 6 and 7, pp. 133–82 and notes, pp. 287–89.
Surowiecki, James. “What Microloans Miss” The New Yorker, March 17, 2008.
Jahiruddin, ATM, Patricia Short, Wolfram Dressler, and Adil Khan. 2011. “Can Microcredit Worsen Poverty? Cases of Exacerbated Poverty in Bangladesh” Development in Practice 21(8): 1109-1121.
April 17th: Conditional Cash Transfers
Molyneux, Maxine and Marilyn Thomson. 2011. “Cash Transfers, Gender Equity and Women’s Empowerment in Peru, Ecuador and Bolivia” Gender and Development 19(2): 195-212.
Patel, Leila and Tessa Hochfeld. 2011. “It Buys Food but Does it Change Gender Relations? Child Support Grants in Soweto, South Africa” Gender and Development 19(2): 229-240.
Latapí, Augustin Escobar and Mercedes Gonzales de la Rocha. 2009. “Girls, mothers, and poverty reduction in Mexico: Evaluating Progresa – Oportunidades,” in Shahra Razavi (ed), The Gendered Impacts of Liberalization: Towards "Embedded Liberalism"? London and New York: Routledge: 267-289.
April 15th: Additional Wikipedia Contributions Due
April 22nd: Control over Assets
Panda, Pradeep and Bina Agarwal. 2005. “Marital Violence, Human Development, and Women’s Property Status in India,” World Development 33 (5): 823-826; 846-847; and Tables 1-4.
April 22nd: Health
Stillwaggon, Eileen. 2008. “Race, Sex, and the Neglected Risks for Women and Girls in Sub-Saharan Africa” Feminist Economics 14(4): 67–86.
April 24th: Education
Nussbaum, Martha C. 2003. “Women’s Education: A Global Challenge.” Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 29(2): 325–355.
April 24th: Engendering Development Policies and Conclusions
Berik, Günseli and Yana Rodgers, 2008. “Engendering Development Strategies and Macroeconomic Policies: What’s Sound and Sensible?” in Günseli Berik, Yana Rodgers, and Ann Zammit, eds., Social Justice and Gender Equality, Routledge: 30-34.
April 25th: Wikipedia Final Contribution Due
Course Requirements and Grading
Grades in this course will be determined by comments and responses on course readings/participation (15%), a midterm exam (20%); short assignments (20%); and a Wikipedia article (45%). The course grade will not be a simple average of points but will also take into consideration such elements as effort, improvement over time, and the quality of participation.
Comments and Responses and Participation
It is essential that you attend every class meeting and that you are both prepared and willing to discuss the assigned reading material, respond to questions, engage one another in intellectual conversation in a courteous manner. Participation can take many forms (a question, an answer, reporting on a current news item). Each student will post one 200-word introductory comment, including a question, on Canvas Discussions on a reading in parts III and IV of the course. These will be due by 9:00 am the day before the class in which the reading will be discussed. Each student will make a brief oral presentation and lead class discussion on the day for which they have written the introductory comment on the assigned reading. A sign-up sheet will be distributed. Students not posting an introductory comment on a reading will be expected to post a short (about 100 words) response to the introductory comments and the reading assignment of the day and include a proposed question for class discussion. These responses/questions must be posted by 10:00 pm on the evening before the reading will be discussed in class. Students may miss up to three of the short responses without penalty. Late or unthoughtful postings will not receive full points.
The midterm exam covers the foundational material in Parts I and II of the course and is scheduled for Wednesday, February 27. The exam will consist of essay-type questions, which will come from a study guide to be distributed a week before the exam.
There will be about 5 of these. You will look up documents or statistics, make sense of them in a 250-300 word summary/comment, and turn them in on the day they are to be discussed in class. When the assignment is a brief response to a film viewed in class, the assignment will be due by the following class meeting. Late assignments will not be accepted but there will be one extra assignment, which will allow you to make up any that you may have missed. These assignments will be submitted in paper form.
A key requirement of the course is the development of an approved contribution to Wikipedia. This assignment will have several components, each due at specific dates during the semester and each graded separately. The entry will be a minimum of 2000 words (not including the references) and will either be a revised entry or an entirely new one. A useful guide is available via http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Training/For_students. In addition, detailed guidelines and in-class learning-by-doing opportunities will be provided. Most Wikipedia assignments are to be turned in on Canvas. Students are responsible for checking that their assignments have been posted correctly.
Please add this text to create a course banner in the talk page of your Wikipedia article (and the WikiProjects talk pages)
Summary and students
|Institution||University of Utah|
|Start||7 January 2013|
|End||25 April 2013|
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