Education in Costa Rica

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Education in Costa Rica is divided in 3 cycles: pre-education(before 7), primary education(from 7 to 12), and secondary school(from 12 to 18), which leads to higher education. Elementary and secondary school are both divided in two cycles.[1] Since 1869, education is free and compulsory (article 78 of the constitution).

Costa Rica education system is ranked 20th in the “Global competitiveness Report 2013-14”, and is described as of “high quality”.[2] The literacy rate in Costa Rica is 94.9%.[3] It is 2 points over the average for Latin-America and Caribbean countries.[4]

Primary Education[edit]

The primary education lasts six years and is divided in two cycle. The uniform is obligatory, in order to reduce social and economic distinctions.[5]

Secondary Education[edit]

The secondary Education is divided in two cycles of three years. The first cycle is dedicated to general education. The second cycle, while keeping a core curriculum, implies a specialization. Specializations can be academic or technical (agricultural, industrial, commercial, secretarial, accounting, crafts, family and social education).[6]

The second cycle ends with the “Bachillerato”, granting access to higher Education. Nonetheless, many universities have in addition their own entrance examination.[7]

Universities[edit]

There are five public universities in Costa Rica

Public universities offer degree programs according to their specialty and by law, and manage their own central and regional campus. By Costa Rican law, two different public universities may not offer the same degree program.

There are also several private universities:

References[edit]

External links[edit]