Education in New York
The University of the State of New York (USNY) (distinct from the State University of New York, known as SUNY), its policy-setting Board of Regents, and its administrative arm, the New York State Education Department, oversee all public primary, middle-level, and secondary education in the state. The New York City Department of Education, which manages the public school system in New York City, is the largest school district in the United States, with more students than the combined population of eight U.S. states. Over 1 million students are taught in more than 1,200 separate schools.
- 1 Primary and secondary schools
- 2 Colleges and universities
- 3 See also
- 4 References
Primary and secondary schools
Public secondary education consists of high schools that teach elective courses in trades, languages, and liberal arts with tracks for gifted, college-bound and industrial arts students. New York is one of seven states that mandate the teaching of Holocaust and genocide studies at some point in elementary or secondary school curricula.
One of the major public policy issues in recent decades has been the attempt by poorer communities to get more state funding to compensate for what they cannot generate in property taxes. The reliance of most communities on local property taxes to support schools has created the paradoxical situation of residents in wealthier communities paying a lower tax rate than residents in communities of lower average income.
While state law has required integrated schools since 1900 (overturning an 1894 law that permitted communities to establish separate schools for children of African-American descent), patterns of residential segregation in many areas has often led to de facto segregated schools. As studies have shown the importance of integrating children from different economic classes, more than ethnic groups, communities are devising different methods, such as magnet schools, to deal with attracting diverse groups of students.
Between 2000 and 2009, school enrollment declined by 121,000 students, and the number of teachers increased by 15,000. The student:teacher ratio was the eighth lowest in the country, 13:1. At $16,000, its per student spending was the nation's highest.
Colleges and universities
The SUNY System
New York's statewide public university system is the State University of New York (SUNY), which includes top-ranked schools such as Binghamton University, Stony Brook University, and University at Buffalo. With a total enrollment of 413,000 students and 1.1 million continuing education students spanning 64 campuses across the state, SUNY is the largest public university system in the United States. The campuses are a mix of community colleges, technical colleges, undergraduate colleges, and doctoral-granting institutions, with the latter including the four university centers (University at Albany, Binghamton University, University at Buffalo, and Stony Brook University). Both Binghamton University and SUNY Geneseo are consistently ranked as two of the best values in education in the nation. Additionally, Binghamton University is recognized as the "Premier Public University in the Northeast" according to the Fiske Guide, and is listed in Greene's Guide as a "Public Ivy".
The SUNY system includes the following campuses, broken down into the categories of University Centers, other doctoral-granting institutions including five statutory institutions, University Colleges, Technology Colleges, and Community Colleges.
Other doctoral-granting institutions and statutory colleges
- State University of New York College of Environmental Science and Forestry (next to the private Syracuse University campus, with which it has a close working relationship, but which is legally and technically not part of Syracuse University)
- SUNY College of Optometry
- SUNY Downstate Medical Center
- SUNY Polytechnic Institute
- SUNY Upstate Medical University (next to the private Syracuse University campus, with which it has a close working relationship, but which is legally and technically not part of Syracuse University)
One statutory college at Alfred University:
- New York State College of Ceramics (which is legally and technically part of Alfred University)
Four statutory colleges at Cornell University (which are legally and technically part of Cornell):
- New York State College of Agriculture and Life Sciences (CALS)
- New York State College of Human Ecology (HumEc)
- New York State School of Industrial and Labor Relations (ILR)
- New York State College of Veterinary Medicine
- Buffalo State College
- State University of New York College at Cortland
- Empire State College (state-wide)
- State University of New York at Purchase
- State University of New York at Geneseo
- State University of New York College at Oneonta
- State University of New York at Fredonia
- State University of New York at New Paltz
- State University of New York at Oswego
- State University of New York at Potsdam
- State University of New York at Plattsburgh
- State University of New York at Old Westbury
- State University of New York at Brockport
- Alfred State College
- State University of New York at Canton
- State University of New York at Cobleskill
- State University of New York at Delhi
- Farmingdale State College
- State University of New York Maritime College
- Morrisville State College
- Fashion Institute of Technology
- SUNY Adirondack Community College
- Broome Community College
- Cayuga Community College
- Clinton Community College
- Columbia-Greene Community College
- Corning Community College
- Dutchess Community College
- Erie Community College
- Finger Lakes Community College
- Fulton-Montgomery Community College
- Genesee Community College
- Herkimer County Community College
- Hudson Valley Community College
- Jamestown Community College
- Jefferson Community College
- Mohawk Valley Community College
- Monroe Community College
- Nassau Community College
- Niagara County Community College
- North Country Community College
- Onondaga Community College
- Orange County Community College (SUNY Orange)
- Rockland Community College
- Schenectady County Community College
- Suffolk County Community College
- Sullivan County Community College
- Tompkins Cortland Community College
- Ulster County Community College
- Westchester Community College
The CUNY System
The City University of New York (CUNY) is the public university system of New York City and is independent of the SUNY system. It is the largest urban university in the United States, with 11 senior colleges, 6 community colleges, a doctorate-granting graduate school, a journalism school, a law school and the Sophie Davis School of Biomedical Education. More than 450,000 degree-credit, adult, continuing and professional education students are enrolled at campuses located in all five New York City boroughs.
CUNY consists of the following 21 colleges, including the senior colleges, community colleges, graduate and professional institutions.
- City College of New York
- Hunter College
- Baruch College
- Brooklyn College
- Queens College, City University of New York
- New York City College of Technology
- College of Staten Island
- John Jay College of Criminal Justice
- York College, City University of New York
- Lehman College
- Bronx Community College
- Queensborough Community College
- Borough of Manhattan Community College
- Kingsborough Community College
- LaGuardia Community College
- Hostos Community College
Graduate and professional schools
- CUNY Graduate Center
- Sophie Davis School of Biomedical Education
- CUNY School of Law
- William E. Macaulay Honors College
- CUNY Graduate School of Journalism
- CUNY School of Professional Studies
- CUNY School of Public Health
New York has hundreds of private colleges and universities, including many religious and special-purpose institutions. The state's land-grant university is Cornell University; though primarily a private institution, it has public sectors.
New York attracts the most college students from other states, according to statistics that show that among freshmen who leave their home states to attend college, more come to New York than any other state, including California.
In total, New York State has 307 degree-granting institutions, second in number only to California. Among the most notable and highest ranked institutions are:
- Bard College
- Clarkson University
- Canisius College
- Colgate University
- Columbia University
- Cooper Union
- Cornell University
- Culinary Institute of America
- Dominican College
- Elmira College
- Fordham University
- Hamilton College
- Hobart and William Smith Colleges
- Hofstra University
- Ithaca College
- Manhattanville College
- Marist College
- New York Institute of Technology
- New York University
- Pace University
- Polytechnic Institute of NYU
- Pratt Institute
- Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute
- Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT)
- Rockland Community College
- Sarah Lawrence College
- Skidmore College
- St. John's University
- St. Lawrence University
- Syracuse University
- Union College
- University of Rochester
- Utica College
- Vassar College
- Martha A. Sandweiss, Passing Strange: A Gilded Age Tale of Love and Deception Across the Color Line, New York: Penguin Press, 2009, pp. 213
- Will, George F. (6 June 2010). "Column:the teacher bailout". Washington, DC: Washington Post. pp. A15.
- "Past Years' Rankings of Top Public College Values". Kiplinger. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- Kufel, Taras (18 December 2014). "10 SUNY Campuses Named 2015 "Best College Values" by Kiplinger’s". State University of New York. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "Ratings and Rankings". State University of New York. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "Top 10 Best Value Colleges in 2014". USA Today. 2014. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- Grove, Allen. "Best Buy Public Colleges for 2014 - Fiske Guide". About.com. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "What Others Say About SUNY". State University of New York. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "Best Values in Public Colleges, 2013". Kiplinger. 2013. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "2013 Year in Review: List of the Rankings". State University of New York. 2013. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "America's Best College Buys". Forbes Magazine. 2010. Retrieved 8 May 2015.
- "New York, College Town.", The New York Observer