Education in Niger

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A primary classroom in Niger.

Education in Niger like that of other developing nations, particularly in the Sahelian region of Africa, faces challenges from poverty and poor access to schools. Although education is compulsory between the ages of seven and fifteen, Niger has one of the lowest literacy rates in the world.[1][2]

Organization of Formal Education[edit]

The education system of Niger is organized as such:[3]

  • Pre-school (Préscolaire)
  • Primary school (Enseignement primaire) (6 years)
  • Secondary school (Enseignement secondaire)
    • 1st Cycle (4 years)
    • 2nd Cycle (3 years)
  • Higher education
    • University - License (3 years), Masters (2 years), Doctorate (3 years)
    • Technical Institutes - DUT (University Technical Diploma (French) (2 years)

Entrance to primary school is at age 7. Schooling is compulsory from ages of seven at the beginning of primary school to age fifteen at end of the 1st cycle of secondary school.[1][2]

Primary education[edit]

Primary education is composed of six grades:[3]

  • C.I. (Cours d’Initiation or Initiation Class)
  • C.P. (Cours Préparatoire or Preparatory Class)
  • C.E.1 (Cours Élémentaire 1 or Elementary Class 1)
  • C.E.2 (Cours Élémentaire 2 or Elementary Class 2)
  • CM1 (Cours Moyen 1 or Middle Class 1)
  • CM2 (Cours Moyen 2 or Middle Class 2)

Completion of primary school is sanctioned by a national exam. Successful candidates at the exam are awarded a certificate of completion of primary education or CFEPD, abbreviated from the French spelling Certificat de Fin d'Etudes du Premier Degré. The primary school enrollment and attendance rates have drastically improved of the course of last 15 years from 34% in 1998 to 73% in 2010 and 94% in 2012.[4][5][6] However, there is a disparity between the enrollment of boys and girls: from 51.57% and 48.43% at the 1st grade for boys and girls, respectively, the enrollment decreases to 46.31% for girls by the end of primary school based on 2010 statistics.[5]

Tertiary education[edit]

There are five universities in Niger. The first and biggest, the Abdou Moumouni University in Niamey was founded as the University of Niamey in 1974. The Islamic University of Niger in Say was opened in 1986. In 2008, two public universities, the University of Zinder in Zinder and University of Maradi in Maradi were created. In 2010, the University of Tahoua was created in Tahoua. In 2014, it was announced that four additional universities will be created in Agadez, Diffa, Dosso and Tillaberi.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Behnke, p. 40
  2. ^ a b "Niger". 2001 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor. Bureau of International Labor Affairs, U.S. Department of Labor (2002). This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.</ref name=Behnke>Behnke, p. 40
  3. ^ a b [1]. Last accessed on 9/20/2014.
  4. ^ [2] Education for all in Niger. Last accessed on 11/2/2014
  5. ^ a b [3] Enseignement, Formation, Recherche. Last accessed on 11/2/2014
  6. ^ [4] Schools in the Niger try a new approach to bring more girls into classrooms. Last accessed on 11/2/2014.
  7. ^ Creation of Four Public University in Some Regions in Niger. Article published by the Agence Nationale de Presse on March 7th, 2014.Last accessed on 9/20/2014.