Edvard Moser

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Edvard Moser
Edvard Moser.jpg
Edvard Moser, 2014 (Photographer: Henrik Fjørtoft / NTNU Communication Division (March 2014))
Born (1962-04-27) 27 April 1962 (age 52)
Ålesund, Norway
Nationality Norwegian
Fields Neuroscience
Institutions Kavli Institute for Systems Neuroscience and Centre for the Biology of Memory
University of Edinburgh
Known for Grid cells, place cells, border cells, neurons
Notable awards Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (2014)
Spouse May-Britt Moser

Edvard Ingjald Moser (born 27 April 1962) is a Norwegian psychologist, neuroscientist, and institute director of the Kavli Institute for Systems Neuroscience and Centre for Neural Computation at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) in Trondheim, Norway. He currently is based at the Max Planck Institute for Neurobiology near Munich, Germany as a visiting researcher.[1]

Moser and his wife, May-Britt Moser, were appointed associate professors in psychology and neuroscience at NTNU in 1996. They were instrumental in the establishment of the Centre for the Biology of Memory (CBM) in 2002 and the Institute for Systems Neuroscience in 2007, and have pioneered research on the brain's mechanism for representing space.

Moser has won several prizes, many together with his wife, including the Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize, and the Karl Spencer Lashley Award. In 2014 they shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with John O'Keefe. Moser also became a foreign associate of the United States National Academy of Sciences in 2014. The prize was awarded for work identifying the cells that make up the positioning system in the brain.

Early life[edit]

Moser grew up in Ålesund. His parents had immigrated to Norway from Germany in the 1950s. His mother originally was from Essen and his father from Kronberg im Taunus. The Moser family initially lived at Haramsøya, where his father, a pipe organ builder, was employed. Later they relocated, first to Hareid and then to Ålesund.[2][3][4]

Career[edit]

Edvard Moser was awarded the cand.psychol. degree in psychology from the University of Oslo in 1990 and the dr.philos. doctoral research degree in the field of neurophysiology in 1995.[5] He also has studied mathematics and statistics.[6] Early in his career, he worked under the supervision of Per Andersen.

Moser went on to undertake postdoctoral training with Richard G. Morris at the Centre for Neuroscience, University of Edinburgh, from 1994 to 1996, and was a visiting postdoctoral fellow at the laboratory of John O'Keefe at the University College, London.

Moser returned to Norway in 1996 to be appointed associate professor in biological psychology at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) in Trondheim, which he held until 1998. In the same year, Moser was promoted to a position as full professor of Neuroscience at NTNU. Additionally, Moser is also the founding director of the NTNU Centre for the Biology of Memory (2002) and the Kavli Institute for Systems Neuroscience (2007).

He is a member of the Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters,[7] Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters,[8] and the Norwegian Academy of Technological Sciences.[9]

He is also an Honorary Professor at the Centre for Cognitive and Neural Systems at the University of Edinburgh Medical School.[10]

Honours[edit]

Other[edit]

Edvard Moser has been a member of the board of reviewing editors in science since 2004 and he has been reviewing editor for Journal of Neuroscience since 2005. Edvard Moser chaired the programme committee of the European Neuroscience meeting (FENS Forum) in 2006.

Selected publications[edit]

  • Moser, E.I., Mathiesen, I. & Andersen, P. (1993). Association between brain temperature and dentate field potentials in exploring and swimming rats. Science, 259, 1324-1326.
  • Brun, V.H., Otnæss, M.K., Molden, S., Steffenach, H.-A., Witter, M.P., Moser, M.-B., Moser, E.I. (2002). Place cells and place representation maintained by direct entorhinal-hippocampal circuitry. Science, 296, 2089-2284.
  • Fyhn, M., Molden, S., Witter, M.P., Moser, E.I. and Moser, M.-B. (2004). Spatial representation in the entorhinal cortex.Science, 305, 1258-1264.
  • Leutgeb, S., Leutgeb, J.K., Treves, A., Moser, M.-B. and Moser, E.I. (2004). Distinct ensemble codes in hippocampal areas CA3 and CA1. Science, 305, 1295-1298.
  • Leutgeb, S., Leutgeb, J.K., Barnes, C.A., Moser, E.I., McNaughton, B.L., and Moser, M.-B (2005). Independent codes for spatial and episodic memory in the hippocampus. Science, 309, 619-623.
  • Hafting, T., Fyhn, M., Molden, S., Moser, M.-B., and Moser, E.I. (2005). Microstructure of a spatial map in the entorhinal cortex.Nature, 436, 801-806.
  • Colgin, L.L, and Moser, E.I. (2006). Rewinding the memory record. Nature, 440, 615-617.
  • Sargolini, F., Fyhn, M., Hafting, T., McNaughton, B.L., Witter, M.P., Moser, M.-B., and Moser, E.I. (2006). Conjunctive representation of position, direction and velocity in entorhinal cortex. Science, 312, 754-758.
  • Leutgeb, J.K., Leutgeb, S., Moser, M.-B., and Moser, E.I. (2007). Pattern separation in dentate gyrus and CA3 of the hippocampus. Science, 315, 961-966.
  • Fyhn, M., Hafting, T., Treves, A., Moser, M.-B. and Moser, E.I. (2007). Hippocampal remapping and grid realignment in entorhinal cortex. Nature, 446, 190-194.
  • Hafting, T., Fyhn, M., Bonnevie, T., Moser, M.-B. and Moser, E.I. (2008). Hippocampus-independent phase precession in entorhinal grid cells. Nature 453, 1248-1252.
  • Kjelstrup, K.B., Solstad, T., Brun, V.H., Hafting, T., Leutgeb, S., Witter, M.P., Moser, E.I. and Moser, M.-B. (2008). Finite scales of spatial representation in the hippocampus. Science 321, 140-143.
  • Solstad, T., Boccara, C.N., Kropff, E., Moser, M.-B. and Moser, E.I. (2008). Representation of geometric borders in the entorhinal cortex. Science, 322, 1865-1868.
  • Moser, E.I., Moser, M-B. (2011). Crystals of the brain. EMBO Mol. Med. 3, 1-4.
  • Moser, E.I., Moser, M-B. (2011). Seeing into the future. Nature, 469, 303-4
  • Jezek, K., Henriksen, EJ., Treves, A., Moser, E.I. and Moser, M-B. (2011). Theta-paced flickering between place-cell maps in the hippocampus. Nature, 478, 246-249.
  • Giocomo, LM., Moser, E.I., Moser, M-B. (2011) Grid cells use HCN1 channels for spatial scaling. Cell, 147, 1159-1170.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.dagbladet.no/2014/10/06/nyheter/nobel/nobelprisen_i_medisin/35616650/
  2. ^ http://www.smp.no/nyheter/article10203143.ece
  3. ^ http://www.dagbladet.no/2014/10/06/nyheter/forskning/nobelpris/nobelpris_i_medisin/may-britt_moser/35616764/
  4. ^ http://www.faz.net/aktuell/wissen/zu-besuch-bei-nobelpreistraegerin-may-britt-moser-13193347.html
  5. ^ Moser, M-B. (1995). Field potential changes in the dentate gyrus during spatial learning in the rat. Thesis for the degree of Dr. Philos., University of Oslo (defended on 9 December 1995).
  6. ^ http://www.fens.org/People/Past/Moser-Edvard-I/
  7. ^ "Gruppe IV Generell biologi" (in Norwegian). Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters. Retrieved 6 October 2014. 
  8. ^ "Gruppe 7: Medisinske fag" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. Retrieved 28 October 2009. 
  9. ^ "Medlemmer: MOSER, Edvard" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Academy of Technological Sciences. Retrieved 11 May 2013. 
  10. ^ "Nobels for research pioneers". University of Edinburgh. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  11. ^ The Anders Jahre Senior Medical Prize
  12. ^ 13th Perl-UNC Neuroscience Prize Recipients UNC Neuroscience Center. Retrieved 23 September 2013
  13. ^ Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize 2013
  14. ^ Award Ceremonies Amphilsoc.org. Retrieved 21 March 2014
  15. ^ Svein Inge Meland (30 April 2014) Unik ære til Moserne (Norwegian) Adressa. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
  16. ^ [1]

External links[edit]

Media related to Edvard Moser at Wikimedia Commons