Edward A. Perry

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Edward Aylesworth Perry
Florida Governor Edward A. Perry.jpg
14th Governor of Florida
In office
January 7, 1885 – January 8, 1889
Preceded by William D. Bloxham
Succeeded by Francis P. Fleming
Personal details
Born March 15, 1831
Richmond, Massachusetts
Died October 15, 1889(1889-10-15) (aged 58)
Kerrville, Texas
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Wathen Virginia Taylor Perry

Edward Aylesworth Perry (March 15, 1831 – October 15, 1889) was a general under Robert E. Lee during the American Civil War and the 14th Governor of Florida.

Early life[edit]

He was a descendant of Arthur Perry, one of the earliest settlers of New England.[1] His parents were farmers, Asa and Philura Perry, and he was the fourth of five children.[1]

Born in Richmond, Massachusetts, Perry moved to Greenville, Alabama in 1853, after briefly attending Yale University. In Alabama, he taught and studied law with Hillary Herbert (who was a hero at the Battle of Gettysburg and Secretary of the Navy under President Grover Cleveland). He soon moved to Pensacola, Florida and passed the bar exam. He served as a judge for Escambia County, Florida, from 1857 through 1861. He married Wathen Virginia Taylor on February 1, 1859, a granddaughter of Hilary Herbert and a cousin of the Hilary A. Herbert who was a Confederate Army colonel and served in the Cleveland administration as Secretary of the Navy.

American Civil War[edit]

During the Civil War, Perry fought with distinction for the Confederacy, rising from the rank of private to brigadier general.[2] In May 1861, he enlisted in Company A of the 2nd Florida Infantry and was elected as its captain. A year later, he was elected colonel of the regiment.

General E.A. Perry[3]

In June 1862, he was wounded during the fight at Glendale during the Peninsula Campaign and furloughed. On August 28, 1862, Perry was appointed as a brigadier general in the Provisional Army of the Confederacy and returned to active duty the following year. He led an all-Florida brigade in the Army of Northern Virginia at the Battle of Chancellorsville, but was stricken with typhoid fever and missed the Gettysburg Campaign, where Col. David Lang commanded Perry's Brigade.[4]

Perry returned to the Army of Northern Virginia to command his brigade for the Bristoe Campaign in the fall of 1863. However, he was severely wounded in the fighting at the Wilderness on May 6, 1864. He briefly returned to the trenches during the Siege of Petersburg, but had not recovered sufficiently for active duty. Hence, he was sent to Alabama for the duration of the war, serving on reserve duty in the Confederate Invalid Corps.

Aftermath; Governor[edit]

He returned to Florida and became a prominent lawyer and Democratic state politician. Elected governor in 1884, he assumed office on January 7, 1885. During his administration, Florida adopted a new constitution and established the state board of education. He was an outspoken opponent of the carpetbaggers.

Perry was active in the Scottish Rite of Freemasonry. His antebellum home became the Scottish Rite Temple in downtown Pensacola[5]

The Confederate Monument on Palafox Street bears a plaque honoring his wife, Wathen Virginia Taylor, who raised the funds for its erection. After leaving office on January 8, 1889, he returned home to Pensacola. The property was sold for $2.53 million to the adjacent First United Methodist Church, and fund raising for renovations are in place.[5] He died suddenly of a stroke while visiting Kerrville, Texas later that year, aged 58.[4]

He and his wife are buried in St. John's Cemetery in Pensacola, Florida[2][4] where the grave marker and central monument in the Perry plot shows the name of his wife to be Wathen Virginia Perry[6] as does the historic marker at the former Perry home at 1 E. Wright Street.

Perry, Florida is named in his honor.

Perry Avenue, State Road 296's final leg in East Pensacola Heights, Florida toward the terminus at Cervantes Street U.S. Route 90 is named for him.[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Prince, Jr., Sigsbee C. (1951). "Edward A. Perry, Yankee General of the Florida Brigade". The Florida Historical Quarterly (Florida Historical Society). JSTOR 30138822. 
  2. ^ a b c "Edward Aylesworth Perry". Pensapedia. Retrieved October 23, 2011. 
  3. ^ http://www.floridamemory.com/items/show/128297
  4. ^ a b c Goellnitz, Jen (1997–2010). "Biography of General Edward Aylesworth Perry" And Then A.P. Hill Came Up. Retrieved October 23, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b Scottish Rite Masonic Center at Pensapedia.
  6. ^ Edward Aylesworth Perry at Find a Grave

Further reading[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
William D. Bloxham
Governor of Florida
January 7, 1885 to January 8, 1889
Succeeded by
Francis P. Fleming