Edward B. Malet
PC, GCMG, GCB
|Born||10 October 1837|
|Died||29 June 1908(aged 70)|
|Known for||Malet Memorial Hall|
|Spouse(s)||Ermyntrude Sackville Russell|
Edward Malet came from a family of diplomats; his father was Sir Alexander Malet, British minister to Württemberg and later to the German Confederation. After three years at Eton College, Edward Malet entered the foreign service at the age of 17. He served as attaché to his father in Frankfurt, then in Brussels.
He served as Secretary of Legation at Peking (1871–73), Athens (1873–75), Rome (1875–78), and Constantinople (1878–79). Malet formed close ties with Ottoman sultan Abdul Hamid II ("Abdul the Damned") during 1878, the year of the Treaties of San Stefano and Berlin.
Malet was appointed Agent and Consul-General in Egypt on 10 October 1879. He served there until 1883, pressing for administrative and financial reforms. He was at first sympathetic to Ahmed Orabi's demand for constitutional government. However, historians John Galbraith and Afaf al-Sayyid-Marsot write that after British-French Joint Note was sent to the Egyptian government, Malet gradually began to support the plans of the Gladstone Cabinet to intervene in Egypt, writing on 13 February 1882, "I am prejudiced against the Nationalists." He served a crucial role in the decision of Gladstone's Cabinet to invade Alexandria when he sent a telegram to the Cabinet that both exaggerated the instability of the Khedive's rule in Egypt and also advised the British government to conduct a naval demonstration off Alexandria. (see 1882 Anglo-Egyptian War). Galbraith and al-Sayyid-Marsot describe him as having been naive, in that he hoped the British would attempt to militarily intimidate Urabi, though he never expected an actual attack or occupation by British forces He later served as Minister to Belgium (1883–84), and Ambassador to the German Empire (1884–95).
||Constructs such as ibid., loc. cit. and idem are discouraged by Wikipedia's style guide for footnotes, as they are easily broken. Please improve this article by replacing them with named references (quick guide), or an abbreviated title. (June 2010)|
- Williams, Lynn (September 2004). "Edward Malet" (subscription required). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/34843. Retrieved 2009-06-08.
- Goldschmidt, Arthur (2000). Biographical Dictionary of Modern Egypt. Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers. p. 120. ISBN 978-1-55587-229-8. OCLC 52401049.
- Bartley, L.J. (1971). The Story of Bexhill. Bexhill: F.J.Parsons Ltd.
- Elleray, D. Robert (2004). Sussex Places of Worship. Worthing: Optimus Books. ISBN 0-9533132-7-1.
- Mosley, Charles, ed. (2003). Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage. Vol. 1 (107th ed.). Wilmington, DE: Burke's Peerage & Gentry. p. 321. ISBN 978-0-9711966-2-9. OCLC 150226262.
- The London Gazette: . 15 August 1871. Retrieved 2009-07-14.
- The London Gazette: . 24 October 1873. Retrieved 2009-07-14.
- The London Gazette: . 13 August 1875. Retrieved 2009-07-14.
- The London Gazette: . 3 May 1878. Retrieved 2009-07-14.
- The London Gazette: . 17 October 1879. Retrieved 2009-06-20.
- Galbraith, John S. and al-Sayyid-Marsot, Afaf Lutfi. The British Occupation of Egypt: Another View. "International Journal of Middle East Studies." 9, No. 4: 476-478
- Ibid 477
- Ibid 478
- The London Gazette: . 11 September 1883. Retrieved 2009-07-14.
- The London Gazette: . 10 October 1884. Retrieved 2009-07-14.
- Bartley 1971, p. 64.
- Elleray 2004, p. 3.
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