Edward Bancroft Williston

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Edward Bancroft Williston
Williston LT Edward of Co D 2nd US Arty.jpg
First Lieutenant Edward Williston during the Civil War
Born (1837-07-15)July 15, 1837
Norwich, Vermont
Died April 24, 1920(1920-04-24) (aged 82)
Portland, Oregon
Place of burial Arlington National Cemetery
Allegiance United States United States of America
Union
Service/branch  United States Army
Years of service 1861-1900
Rank Union army brig gen rank insignia.jpg Brigadier General
Unit 2nd Artillery Regiment
Commands held 6th Artillery Regiment
Battles/wars American Civil War
Spanish American War
Awards Medal of Honor ribbon.svg - Medal of Honor

Edward Bancroft Williston (July 15, 1837 – April 24, 1920) was a brigadier general in the United States Army. He was a recipient of the Medal of Honor for gallantry during the American Civil War.

Biography[edit]

Williston was born in Norwich, Vermont,[1] and graduated from Norwich University in 1856. Earlier that year, he was one of the first initiated members of Theta Chi fraternity at the school.

On August 5, 1861, Williston was commissioned in the 2nd United States Artillery as a second lieutenant in San Francisco, California. Later that year, on September 27, he was promoted to first lieutenant. On June 12, 1864, Williston received the Medal of Honor for his actions at Trevilian Station, Virginia as part of D Battery, 2nd United States Artillery, as part of the famed U.S. Horse Artillery Brigade. The medal citation is for his "distinguished gallantry in action at Trevillian Station, Virginia, June 2, 1864."[2]

Effective March 8, 1865, Williston promoted to captain. He was brevetted captain on May 3, 1863, for "gallant and meritorious services in action at Salem Heights, Virginia"[3] and brevetted Major for the same at the Battle of Gettysburg on July 3, 1863. He was brevetted Lieutenant Colonel on September 19, 1864 in the Battle of Winchester and brevetted Colonel on March 13, 1865.

Brevet Brigadier General Edward Williston

However it was not until March 22, 1885, before Williston was permanently promoted to major in the 3rd U.S. Artillery, reaching lieutenant colonel ten years later on February 12, 1895. He reached full colonel in the 6th U.S. Artillery on March 8, 1898.

During the Spanish-American War, Williston was promoted to brigadier general of volunteers on March 4, 1898, however was only promoted to full brigadier general in the Regular Army on April 23, 1904 due to an Act of Congress. He had retired four years earlier on July 15, 1900, having been honorably discharged from the volunteers the previous year, on June 12, 1899.

Married to Flora E. Chatfield Williston (September 26, 1861 - December 24, 1944), Williston retired to Portland, Oregon, and died there on April 24, 1920. He was buried in Section 1, Grave 422 of Arlington National Cemetery, with his wife being buried next to him twenty four years later.

Medal of Honor citation[edit]

Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, 2d U.S. Artillery. Place and date: At Trevilian Station, Va., June 12, 1864. Entered service at: San Francisco, Calif. Birth: Norwich, Vt. Date of issue: April 6, 1892.

Citation:

Distinguished gallantry.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Norwich, Vermont". City-Data.com. Retrieved July 3, 2014. 
  2. ^ Arlington Cemetery
  3. ^ Arlington Cemetery

External links[edit]