Edward Bassett

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Edward Murray Bassett
Edward Murray Bassett.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 5th district
In office
March 4, 1903 – March 3, 1905
Preceded by Frank E. Wilson
Succeeded by George E. Waldo
Personal details
Born February 7, 1863 (1863-02-07)
Brooklyn, New York
Died October 7, 1948 (1948-10-08) (aged 85)
Brooklyn, New York
Citizenship  United States
Political party Democratic Party
Spouse(s) Annie Rebecca Preston Bassett
Children Preston Rogers Bassett

Isabel Bassett Wasson

Howard Murray Bassett

Profession lawyer

politician

Edward Murray Bassett (February 7, 1863 – October 7, 1948), "The Father of American Zoning", and one of the founding fathers of modern day urban planning, wrote the first comprehensive zoning ordinance in the United States, adopted by New York City in 1916, and a U. S. Representative for New York.

Biography[edit]

Bassett was born on February 7, 1863, in Brooklyn, New York, son of merchant Charles R. Bassett and Elvira Rogers Bassett. He attended Hamilton College and Amherst College, graduating from the latter in 1884. While at Amherst he was elected to Phi Beta Kappa and joined the Delta Upsilon fraternity. From 1884 to 1886 he attended Columbia University Law School, and taught at a private school run by R. D. Dodge in Brooklyn. In 1886 Bassett graduated from Columbia and was admitted to the bar, and began practicing law in Buffalo, New York. He married Annie R. Preston on May 14, 1890 and had five children, including inventor and engineer Preston Bassett and geologist Isabel Bassett Wasson.[1]

Career[edit]

After returning to New York City in 1892 to practice law, Bassett served on the Brooklyn School Board from 1899 to 1901 and chaired the Local School Board from 1901 to 1903.

In 1903 Bassett was elected as a Democrat to the United States House of Representatives, representing New York's 5th congressional district. He served one term from March 4, 1903 to March 3, 1905,[2] but declined to run for reelection so he could serve at the local level. Major projects he worked on included bankruptcy law, the Panama Canal, advocating a canal route through Nicaragua, and opposing high tariffs.

In 1907 Bassett was appointed by Governor Charles Evans Hughes to the New York Public Service Commission, where he served until 1911. During this time he aided in the development of the dual subway plan for the New York City Subway. He was vice-chairman of the Brooklyn Committee on City Plan, for which a report was published in 1914. He was chairman of the Heights of Buildings Commission in New York City, the final report of which 1916 presented the first Zoning Resolution of the City of New York, which was the first comprehensive zoning ordinance in the United States. He consequently served posts of counsel to the Zoning Committee of New York, the Regional Plan of New York and Its Environs, and the (New York) City Planning Commission. A member of the Advisory Committee on City Planning and Zoning, Bassett was appointed by then U.S. Commerce Department Secretary Herbert Hoover to serve as president of the National Conference on City Planning.

Most of Basset's work, both private and on committees, concerned city planning, zoning and the legal issues surrounding these fields. Bassett is credited with developing the "freeway" and "parkway" concepts, and for coining the term "freeway" to describe a controlled access urban highway, based on the parkway concept but open to commercial traffic.

Death[edit]

Bassett died in Brooklyn, Kings County, New York, on October 7, 1948 (age 85 years). He is interred at Ashfield Plains Cemetery, Ashfield, Massachusetts.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Edward Bassett". Find A Grave. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  2. ^ "Edward Bassett". Govtrack US Congress. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 
  3. ^ "Edward Bassett". The Political Graveyard. Retrieved 21 August 2013. 

4. ^ Faulk & Foster has 30 years specialists experience in planning zoning.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]


Preceded by
Frank E. Wilson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 5th congressional district

March 4, 1903 to March 3, 1905
Succeeded by
George E. Waldo