Edward Brinton

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Edward Brinton
Born (1924-01-12)January 12, 1924
Richmond, Indiana
Died January 13, 2010(2010-01-13) (aged 86)
Coeur d'Alene, Idaho
Citizenship American
Institutions Scripps Institution of Oceanography
University of California, San Diego
Alma mater Haverford College
University of California

Edward Brinton (January 12, 1924 – January 13, 2010) was a professor of oceanography and research biologist. His particular area of expertise was Euphausiids or Krill, small shrimp-like creatures found in all the oceans of the world.

Early life[edit]

Brinton was born on January 12, 1924, in Richmond, Indiana to a Quaker couple, Howard Brinton and Anna Shipley Cox Brinton. Much of his childhood was spent on the grounds of Mills College where his mother was Dean of Faculty[1][2] and his father was a professor. The family later moved to the Pendle Hill Quaker Center for Study and Contemplation, in Pennsylvania where his father and mother became directors.[3]

Academic career[edit]

Brinton attended High School at Westtown School in Chester County, Pennsylvania. He studied at Haverford College and graduated in 1949 with a bachelors degree in biology. He enrolled at Scripps Institution of Oceanography as a graduate student in 1950 and was awarded a Ph.D. in 1957. He continued on as a research biologist in the Marine Life Research Group, part of the CalCOFI program. He soon turned his dissertation into a major publication, The Distribution of Pacific Euphausiids.[4][5] In this large monograph, he laid out the major biogeographic provinces of the Pacific (and part of the Atlantic), large-scale patterns of pelagic diversity and one of the most rational hypotheses for the mechanism of sympatric, oceanic speciation. In all of these studies the role of physical oceanography and circulation played a prominent part. His work has since been validated by others[6] and continues, to this day, to form the basis for our attempts to understand large-scale pelagic ecology and the role of physics of the movement of water in the regulation of pelagic ecosystems.[7] In addition to these studies he has led in the studies of how climatic variations have led to the large variations in the California Current, and its populations and communities. He has described several new species and, in collaboration with Margaret Knight, worked out the complicated life histories of many Euphausiid species.[8] He received a formal tribute from the international GLOBEC program in 2009.[9] He served as a major adviser and scientist for the State Department-sponsored Naga expeditions in the Gulf of Thailand[10] and, later, as the curator of the UNESCO-sponsored Indian Ocean Biological Center in Cochin, India.[11] He taught numerous students in both venues. His Academic career continued at Scripps until his retirement in the 1991.

Family life[edit]

Brinton met and married Desiree Ward in 1948. He had four children and was widowed in 1976. He remained unmarried until the time of his death. His primary residence was in La Jolla, California. He and his family lived in Bangkok, Thailand for a year in 1960, and in Kerala, India from 1965-1967. He died after a long illness on January 13, 2010.[12]

Publications[edit]

incomplete list

Brinton, Edward. The distribution of Pacific Euphausiids. Bulletin of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, vol 8, number 2,1962.[5][13]

Brinton, Edward. Variable Factors affecting the Apparent Range and Estimated Concentration of Euphausiids in the North Pacific. Pacific Science 16, no. 4 (October 1962): 374-408.

Brinton, Edward: Euphausiids of Southeast Asian waters. Naga Report volume 4, part 5. La Jolla: University of California, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, 1975.[14][15]

Brinton Edward: The oceanographic structure of the eastern Scotia Sea—III. Distributions of euphausiid species and their developmental stages in 1981 in relation to hydrography. Deep Sea Res. 1985;32:1153–1180.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "A career in higher education : Mills College, 1935-1974 : oral history transcript, 1986". Retrieved 2010-01-23. 
  2. ^ "Religion: Pendle Hill". Time. 1948-06-21. Retrieved 2010-05-01. 
  3. ^ "Religion: Pendle Hill". 1948-06-21. Retrieved 2010-01-23. 
  4. ^ E. Brinton (1962). "The distribution of Pacific euphausiids". Bull. Scripps Inst. Oceanogr. 8 (2): 51–270. 
  5. ^ a b http://www.escholarship.org/uc/item/3xq6r58k
  6. ^ Goetze, Erica (2005). "GLOBAL POPULATION GENETIC STRUCTURE AND BIOGEOGRAPHY OF THE OCEANIC COPEPODS EUCALANUS HYALINUS AND E. SPINIFER". Evolution 59 (11): 2378–2398. doi:10.1554/05-077.1. PMID 16396179. 
  7. ^ Zane, Lorenzo; Patarnello, Tomaso (2000). "Krill: a possible model for investigating the effects of ocean currents on the genetic structure of a pelagic invertebrate". Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 57 (S3): 16–23. doi:10.1139/cjfas-57-S3-16. 
  8. ^ E. Brinton, M. D. Ohman, A. W. Townsend, M. D. Knight & A. L. Bridgeman (2000). Euphausiids of the World Ocean. World Biodiversity Database CD-ROM Series, Springer Verlag. ISBN 3-540-14673-3. 
  9. ^ "Tribute to three distinguished krill biologists: Edward Brington, Margaret D. Knight, John Mauchline". 
  10. ^ E. Brinton (1975). "Euphausiids of Southeast Asian waters". Naga Report , part 5. 4 (5). 
  11. ^ "Annual report 1966-1967". National Institute of Oceanography India. Retrieved 2010-01-23. 
  12. ^ Obituary Scripps Institution of Oceanography. Retrieved 2010-01-26.
  13. ^ "SIO Publications". 
  14. ^ http://libraries.ucsd.edu/locations/sio/services/sio-publications.html
  15. ^ http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/RefRpt?search_type=publication&search_id=pub_id&search_id_value=2678

External links[edit]