Edward Sugden, 1st Baron St Leonards

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The Right Honourable
The Lord Saint Leonards
PC
1stLordStLeonards.jpg
Lord Chancellor of Ireland
In office
1835–1835
Monarch William IV
Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel, Bt
Preceded by The Lord Plunket
Succeeded by The Lord Plunket
In office
1841–1846
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister Sir Robert Peel, Bt
Preceded by The Lord Campbell
Succeeded by Maziere Brady
Lord Chancellor of Great Britain
In office
27 February 1852 – 17 December 1852
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister The Earl of Derby
Preceded by The Lord Truro
Succeeded by The Lord Cranworth
Personal details
Born 12 February 1781 (1781-02-12)
Died 29 January 1875(1875-01-29) (aged 93)
Nationality British
Political party Tory
Conservative
Spouse(s) Winifred Knapp (d. 1861)
Alma mater None

Edward Burtenshaw Sugden, 1st Baron Saint Leonards PC (12 February 1781 – 29 January 1875) was a British lawyer, judge and Conservative politician.

Background[edit]

Saint Leonards was the son of a high-class hairdresser and wig-maker in Westminster, London.

Legal and political career[edit]

After practising for some years as a conveyancer, Saint Leonards was called to the bar at Lincoln's Inn in 1807, having already published his well-known Concise and Practical Treatise on the Law of Vendors and Purchasers of Estates. In 1822 he was made King's Counsel. He was returned at different times for various boroughs to the House of Commons, where he made himself prominent by his opposition to the Reform Bill of 1832. He was appointed Solicitor General in 1829, receiving the customary knighthood.[1] As Solicitor-General he took a narrow view of Jewish emancipation, arguing that "They had possessed nothing; they held nothing. They had no civil rights; they never had any."[2]

In 1835 he was Lord Chancellor of Ireland, and again from 1841 to 1846. In 1849, Saint Leonards published 'A Treatise on the Law of Property as administered in the House of Lords', in which he criticised the decisions given in the House of Lords when acting as a Court of Appeal. In Lord Derby's first government in 1852 be became Lord Chancellor (of Great Britain) and was raised to the peerage as Baron Saint Leonards, of Slaugham in the County of Sussex.[3] In this position he devoted himself with energy and vigour to the reform of the law; Lord Derby on his return to power in 1858 again offered him the same office, which from considerations of health he declined. He continued, however, to take an active interest especially in the legal matters that came before the House of Lords, and bestowed his particular attention on the reform of the law of property. He championed the fulfilment of the will of J. M. W. Turner with regard to his art bequests in 1857–70. His view on that was supported by Leolin Price in 2006.

Publications[edit]

Lord Saint Leonards was the author of various important legal publications, many of which have passed through several editions. Besides the treatise on purchasers already mentioned, they include Powers, Cases decided by the House of Lords, Gilbert on Uses, New Real Property Laws and Handybook of Property Law, Misrepresentations in Campbells Lives of Lyndhurst and Brougham, corrected by St Leonards.

Connection to Thames Ditton[edit]

Lord Saint Leonards was popular in Thames Ditton. In 1860 he entertained at Boyle Farm 250 children from the Wandsworth Asylum for female orphans of soldiers killed in the Crimea War. In the 1870s he also made a speech in the House of Lords against a proposal by the Chelsea Waterworks to buy 50 acres (200,000 m2) of meadow in Thames Ditton to build reservoirs. The village rejoiced when the House of Lords threw out the Bill. No doubt St Leonards was spurred on by the damage the Waterworks proposal would have done to his Boyle Farm estate.

Family and Effect of Inheritance Dispute[edit]

Lord Saint Leonards married Winifred, daughter of John Knapp, in 1808. She died in May 1861, Lord Saint Leonards died at Boyle Farm, Thames Ditton, in January 1875, aged 93, and was succeeded in the barony by his grandson, Edward. After his death his will was missing but his daughter, Charlotte Sugden, was able to recollect the contents of a most intricate document, and in the action of Sugden v. Lord Saint Leonards (L.R. 1 P.D. 154) the Court of Chancery accepted her evidence and granted probate, admitting into the probate a paper propounded as containing the provisions of the lost will. This decision established the proposition that the contents of a lost will, that can be proven to have existed, may be proved by secondary evidence, even of a single witness. Charlotte Sugden submitted sworn testimony that Lord Saint Leonards was in the habit of reading his will every night, such that his daughter had to listen to it and over some years memorised it. This decision became a well known fact and narrow precedent in legal circles, departing from provisions of the Wills Act 1837 which remained the principal legislation governing an area shaped by equity (law) and later by common law.[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The London Gazette: no. 18587. p. 1157. 23 June 1829.
  2. ^ Hansard, 2nd Series, xxiii, 1330.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21297. p. 670. 2 March 1852.
  4. ^ H.E. Malden (editor) (1911). "Parishes: Thames Ditton". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 21 November 2012. 

References[edit]

  • Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  • Dittopedia, the collaborative local history of Thames Ditton

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
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Thomas Wallace
John Gordon
Thomas Buxton
Masterton Ure
Member of Parliament for Weymouth and Melcombe Regis
1828–1831
With: John Gordon from 1826
Thomas Buxton 1818–1832
Masterton Ure 1813–1832
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Richard Weyland
John Gordon
Thomas Buxton
Masterton Ure
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Sir Codrington Carrington
George Grenville Wandisford Pigott
Member of Parliament for St Mawes
1831–1832
With: George Grenville Wandisford Pigott
Constituency abolished
Preceded by
Sir Charles Dalbiac
Thomas Pemberton
Member of Parliament for Ripon
1837–1841
With: Thomas Pemberton
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Sir George Cockburn
Thomas Pemberton
Legal offices
Preceded by
Sir Nicholas Tindal
Solicitor General for England and Wales
1829–1830
Succeeded by
Sir William Horne
Political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Plunket
Lord Chancellor of Ireland
1835
Succeeded by
The Lord Plunket
Preceded by
The Lord Campbell
Lord Chancellor of Ireland
1841–1846
Succeeded by
Maziere Brady
Preceded by
The Lord Truro
Lord Chancellor
1852
Succeeded by
The Lord Cranworth
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron St Leonards
1852–1875
Succeeded by
Edward Sugden