Edward Buxton (conservationist)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Edward North Buxton (1 September 1840 – 9 January 1924) was a British conservationist and Liberal Party politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1885 to 1886.

Buxton was the third son of Sir Edward North Buxton, 2nd Baronet (1812–1858), and his wife, Catherine Gurney. Both father and son were called "Edward North Buxton" and both became Members of Parliament. Buxton was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge.[1] He was a partner in the London brewing firm of Truman, Hanbury, & Co. and a J.P. and a Deputy Lieutenant for Essex.[2]

Buxton stood for parliament unsuccessfully at South Essex in 1880. In 1885, he was elected MP for the Walthamstow constituency as a Liberal. He made six contributions during his year as an MP.[3] Buxton was an advocate of the provision of open, accessible land, particularly near cities. He and his brother Thomas, played a major part in saving Epping Forest and Hainault Forests for public use. He also bought Hatfield Forest for the National Trust from his deathbed.[4] He was a verderer of the forest. He was also a founding member of the Society for the Protection of Royal Fauna of Empire, now Fauna and Flora International.[5]

Buxton married Emily Digby in 1862. She was the daughter of the Rev. the Hon. Kenelm Henry Digby, Rector of Tittleshall and Hon. Canon of Norwich, and sister of Sir Kenelm Digby.

Buxton died at the age of 83. His home, Leytonstone House, carries a blue plaque.[6] He is also commemorated by an inscription in the council chamber of Essex County Council.

Books by E.N.Buxton[edit]

  • The ABC of Free Trade. An address (1882)
  • Epping Forest (1884 and many subsequent editions)
  • Short Stalks: or, Hunting camps north, south, east, and west ... (1892)
  • Two African trips with notes and suggestions on big game preservation in Africa (1902)

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Government offices
Preceded by
Charles Reed
Chairman of the London School Board
1881–1885
Succeeded by
Rev. Joseph Diggle
Parliament of the United Kingdom
New constituency
Member of Parliament for Walthamstow
18851886
Succeeded by
William Thomas Makins