Edward Caird

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Edward Caird while a professor at the University of Glasgow.
Caird as caricatured by Spy (Leslie Ward) in Vanity Fair, April 1895.

Edward Caird FRSE (23 March 1835 – 1 November 1908) was a Scottish philosopher.


The younger brother of the theologian John Caird, he was the son of engineer John Caird, the proprietor of Caird & Company,[1] born at Greenock in Renfrewshire, and educated at Greenock Academy and the Universities of Glasgow and Oxford (B.A. 1863). He became Fellow and Tutor of Merton College. In 1866, he was appointed to the Chair of Moral Philosophy at Glasgow, which he held until 1893. In that year he became Master of Balliol College, from which he retired in 1907.

In May 1902 he was at Carnavon to receive the honorary degree D.Litt. (Doctor of Letters) from the University of Wales during the ceremony to install the Prince of Wales (later King George V) as Chancellor of that university.[2]

His more important works include Critical Philosophy of Kant (1877), Hegel (1883), Evolution of Religion, Social Philosophy and Religion of Comte (1885), and Evolution of Theology in the Greek Philosophers (1904).

The philosopher John Watson was among his students at the University of Glasgow.[3]



  • The Collected Works of Edward Caird, 12 volumes, ed. Colin Tyler, Bristol: Thoemmes Press, 1999
  • A Critical Account of the Philosophy of Kant, with an Historical Introduction, Glasgow: J. Maclehose, 1877
  • Hegel, Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott and Co.; Edinburgh: W. Blackwood and Sons, 1883
  • The Social Philosophy and Religion of Comte, Glasgow: J. Maclehose and Sons, 1885; New York: Macmillan, 1885
  • The Critical Philosophy of Immanuel Kant, Glasgow: J. Maclehose and Sons, 1889; New York: Macmillan, 1889 (2 volumes) Volume 1 Volume 2 second edition 1909
  • Essays on Literature and Philosophy, Glasgow: J. Maclehose and Sons, 1892 (2 volumes) Volume 1 Volume 2
  • The Evolution of Religion, Glasgow: James Maclehose and Sons, 1893; New York: Macmillan, 1893 (Gifford Lectures 1890-92; I, II)
  • The Evolution of Theology in the Greek Philosophers, Glasgow: J. Maclehose and Sons, 1904 (Gifford Lectures, 1900–02; I, II)
  • Lay sermons and addresses, delivered in the Hall of Balliol College , Oxford (1907)



  • Sir Henry Jones and John Henry Muirhead, 'The Life and Philosophy of Edward Caird], Glasgow: Maclehose, Jackson and Co., 1921
  • Colin Tyler, Edward Caird, in Dictionary of Liberal Thought; Brack & Randall (eds.), Politico's 2007 pp 54–56


  1. ^ "Former RSE Fellows 1783–2002" (PDF). Royal Society of Edinburgh. Retrieved 19 September 2010. 
  2. ^ "The Royal visit to Wales" The Times (London). Monday, 5 May 1902. (36759), p. 10.
  3. ^ http://www.giffordlectures.org/Author.asp?AuthorID=176

External links[edit]

Academic offices
Preceded by
Benjamin Jowett
Master of Balliol College, Oxford
Succeeded by
James Leigh Strachan Davidson