Edward Caldwell Moore (1857–1943) was an American theologian, brother of George Foot Moore and Frank Gardner Moore. He was born at West Chester, Pa.; graduated from Marietta College in 1877 and from Union Theological Seminary in 1884; and studied at Berlin, Göttingen, and Gießen in 1884–1886, and at Brown (Ph.D., 1891). Ordained to the Presbyterian ministry in 1884, he was pastor at Yonkers, N. Y. (1886–1889), and at the Central Congregational Church of Providence, R. I. (1889–1901). In the latter year he became Parkman professor of theology at Harvard, where he was university preacher in 1905–1906. In 1914 he was elected president of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. His publications include The New Testament in the Christian Church (1904) and An Outline of the History of Christian Thought since Kant (1912)
- The Andover-Harvard Theological Library at Harvard Divinity School in Cambridge, Massachusetts holds the records of Edward Caldwell Moore.
- Lectures on theologians and religious history
- Letters from Moore's mother and father, letters about his trip to Labrador in 1905, and about his trip to China in 1907
- Papers including sermons, addresses, lectures, prayers, biographical files, and correspondence
- Papers including personal scrapbooks, diaries, journals, and correspondence
- Works by Edward Caldwell Moore at Project Gutenberg