Edward Carey

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For other people named Edward Carey, see Edward Carey (disambiguation).
Edward F. Carey
Edward Francis Carey, 1880.jpg
Alderman on the Edmonton Town Council
In office
February 10, 1892 – January 13, 1893
Personal details
Born 1832
London, Upper Canada
Died September 10, 1908 (aged 75–76)
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada
Children at least 2
Profession Merchant, prospector, fur trader
Religion Presbyterian

Edward Francis Carey, Sr. (1832 – September 10, 1908) was a Canadian gold prospector, fur trader, and merchant. He was also politician in Alberta, Canada serving briefly as a municipal councillor in Edmonton.

Carey was born in Upper Canada in 1832. Intrigued by the opportunity to gain a fortune in gold, he was quickly drawn to the California Gold Rush, and later to British Columbia, where he prospected for gold along with his partner, Bill Cust. In the 1860s, the duo would make major discoveries of gold in the Parsnip River and in Peace River, leading to gold rushes when news spread of the discoveries. Carey later went into the fur trade, establishing himself at Peace River, and later, Lac la Biche. After spending a couple years in the fur trade, he went into the general merchant business, establishing stores in Manitoba, and later in Edmonton, North West Territories, where he would move to in 1882. Carey would operate the first store in the town, as well as a cattle business along with fellow merchant John Norris, until his retirement in the late 1890s. After his retirement he would live quietly in Edmonton as his health declined, leading up to his death in 1908. Regarded as one of the pioneer citizens of Edmonton and earliest settlers of Western Canada, Carey would later be interred at the Edmonton Cemetery.

Early life and prospecting career[edit]

California and British Columbia[edit]

Bill Cust, Carey's prospecting partner

Carey was born in London, Ontario in 1832, of Irish ancestry. After completing education in the area, he received word of the California Gold Rush, and being intrigued with the possibility of a fortune, Carey would head to there in 1849 to pan for gold. Carey would remain there until around 1858, gradually moving back north and ending up in the Fraser Valley area, where he partnered up with fellow prospector William (Bill) Cust (1823–1908), in search for gold in the Fraser River.[1] It was also in British Columbia where Carey and Cust co-discovered the Omineca Gold Rush, when in 1861, Carey struck gold along the Parsnip River while prospecting in the area.[2] Along with Cust, he would later operate a trading post at Rocky Mountain Portage.[3] In 1862, the duo of Cust and Carey, along with Pete Toy another prospector from the Fraser Valley area, headed further north, to Peace River Country.[1]

Peace River[edit]

At Peace River, Carey made the initial discovery of gold in Peace River; thereafter along with his partners, they made $50 a day for about six weeks, until they were forced to leave the area due to a lack of resources.[1] Following their vacation of the area however, news had spread to several mining camps around the area and thus created a gold rush. Shortly after leaving the gold industry, Carey, who had remained Peace River area, went into the fur trading business, along with his prospector partner Bill Cust and three other locals.[1] The partnership would continue for at least four years, when one of the partners, Mr. Brennan made off with the company's profits on four years worth of furs during a trip to Chicago. He later moved to the Lac La Biche area, where he again went into the fur trade.[1] In 1874, he entered in a partnership with an American businessman, Mr. Johnson, whom he met when he was travelling from Winnipeg to Edmonton. They would purchase stores in the Assiniboia area and engage in the fur trade in the Lesser Slave Lake area.[1]

Career in Edmonton[edit]

Edmonton Board of Trade, 1891. Edward Carey is seated in in the middle row, fourth left.

Carey moved to permanently settle in Edmonton around 1882. Upon settling, he would purchase land which would later become the neighbourhood of Abbotsfield.[4] In Edmonton, he established a general store on Hardisty Avenue along the trail connecting Edmonton with St. Albert, which was the first privately owned store in the town.[1] He would later partner with another businessman, John A. Norris,[5] and enter the cattle ranching business, importing cattle from as far as Montana to sell. Norris later joined Carey as a partner in his general store, and the store would be known as Norris & Carey,[6] selling mainly groceries and hardware.[1][7] In 1892, Carey was elected as an alderman to Edmonton's first Town Council, finishing third of fourteen candidates (the top six were elected) with 124 votes. He did not seek re-election in 1893, and did not engage in politics thereafter.[8] He was also an early member of the Edmonton Board of Trade, serving as its inaugural vice president in 1889. In 1897, he retired from his business interests and returned to his Edmonton home.[1]

Death and legacy[edit]

Carey died September 10, 1908 at his home in Edmonton,[1] less a month after the death of his former prospecting partner Bill Cust.[9] He had been in poor health since suffering a stroke of paralysis 14 years previous. His funeral was held at First Presbyterian Church in Edmonton; it was attended by many local dignitaries and notables including James Ross, Henry William McKenney, Daniel Maloney, William Antrobus Griesbach, Daniel R. Fraser, as well as former mayors Matthew McCauley, Cornelius Gallagher, and sitting Mayor John Alexander McDougall. Prior to the service, a procession to the church was lead by the Edmonton Citizens' Marching Band. He was interred at the Edmonton Cemetery on September 14.[10] He was survived by a son, Edward, of Andrew, Alberta, and a daughter, Mrs. George Hutton, of Edmonton.[1] Regarded as a pioneer citizen of Edmonton and Western Canada,[11] an obituary in the Edmonton Bulletin described Carey as a "genuine old timer, a distinct species of the race, one of nature's noblemen, who would do anything in the world for a friend and who scarcely knew what it was to have an enemy."[1]

A series of roads, Carey Crescent, Carey Way, Carey Lane, and Carey Close, all located within the Cameron Heights neighbourhood in Edmonton (named after fellow council member John Cameron) are named for Edward Carey.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Passing of One of the First Pioneers". Edmonton Bulletin. September 12, 1908. p. 1. Retrieved February 10, 2014. 
  2. ^ Dodds, Stephen Walter (1992), Forest Development, First Nations and Distributive Justice in the Mackenzie Forest District, Victoria, British Columbia, retrieved February 10, 2014 
  3. ^ Patterson, R. M. (2011), Finlay's River, TouchWood Editions, retrieved February 10, 2014 
  4. ^ http://www.edmonton.ca/for_residents/2006_DEMOGRAPHIC_Abbottsfield.pdf
  5. ^ Cashman, A.W.; Cashman, Tony (2002), Edmonton: Stories from the River City, Edmonton: University of Alberta, ISBN 9780888643926, retrieved February 10, 2014 
  6. ^ "Members of Edmonton's First Board of Trade, Organized 25 Years Ago". Edmonton Bulletin. April 18, 1914. p. 5. Retrieved February 10, 2014. 
  7. ^ Aubrey, Merrily K. (2004), Naming Edmonton: From Ada to Zoie, Edmonton: University of Alberta, ISBN 978-0-88864-423-7, retrieved February 10, 2014 
  8. ^ City of Edmonton, Election Results 1892–1944, retrieved February 5, 2014 
  9. ^ "Late William Cust Left Large Estate". Edmonton Bulletin. October 20, 1908. p. 5. Retrieved February 11, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Many Old Timers Pay Last Respects". Edmonton Bulletin. September 15, 1908. p. 1. Retrieved February 10, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Pioneer Merchant of Edmonton Passes Away", Winnipeg Free Press, Saturday, September 12, 1908, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
  12. ^ http://webdocs.edmonton.ca/InfraPlan/NameAddress/minutes&agendas/5%20June%2021%202006%20Agenda%20Mgt.pdf