Edward Daly (Irish revolutionary)

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Edward Daly
Edwarddaly.jpg
Born (1891-02-25)25 February 1891
Limerick, Ireland
Died 4 May 1916(1916-05-04) (aged 25)
Kilmainham Gaol, Dublin, Ireland
Allegiance Irish Volunteers
Irish Republican Brotherhood
Years of service 1913–1916
Rank Commandant
Commands held 1st battalion
Battles/wars Easter Rising

Edward "Ned" Daly (25 February 1891 – 4 May 1916) was commandant of Dublin's 1st battalion during the Easter Rising of 1916. He was the youngest man to hold that rank, and the youngest executed in the aftermath.

Background[edit]

Born at 26 Frederick Street (now O'Curry street), Limerick, Daly was the only son among the ten children born to Edward and Catherine Daly (née O'Mara). He was the younger brother of Kathleen Clarke, wife of Tom Clarke, and an active member of the Irish Republican Brotherhood. His father, Edward, was a Fenian who died five months before his son's birth at the age of forty-one.[1] His uncle was John Daly, a prominent republican who had taken part in the Fenian Rising. It was through John Daly that Clarke had met his future wife.[1]

He was educated by the Presentation Sisters at Sexton Street, the Congregation of Christian Brothers at Roxboro Road and at Leamy’s commercial college. He spent a short time as an apprentice baker in Glasgow, before returning to Limerick to work in Spaight's timber yard. He later moved to Dublin where he eventually took up a position with a wholesale chemists. He lived in Fairview with Kathleen and Tom Clarke.[1]

Political Involvement[edit]

Although Daly's membership of the IRB is certain, it is not known when he joined the organisation. In November 1913 Daly joined the newly founded Irish Volunteers.[1] He soon reached the rank of captain. He was assiduous in his study of military manuals and the professionalism of his company gained the admiration of senior officers in actions such as the Howth gun-running of 1914.[1] In March 1915, he was promoted to the rank of commandant of the 1st Battalion.[1]

The Easter Rising[edit]

Daly's battalion, stationed in the Four Courts and areas to the west and north of Dublin center, saw the most intense fighting of the rising. He surrendered his battalion on 29 April. In his trial, he claimed that he was just following orders, but was executed by firing squad on 4 May 1916, at the age of 25.

The men in his battalion spoke of him as a good commandant. This opinion was also shared by a British officer that Daly's battalion had captured.

References[edit]

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