Edward Dmytryk

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Edward Dmytryk
Edward Dmytryk.jpg
Born (1908-09-04)September 4, 1908
Grand Forks, British Columbia, Canada
Died July 1, 1999(1999-07-01) (aged 90)
Encino, California, U.S.
Occupation Film director, film editor
Years active 1929–1979
Spouse(s) Madeleine Robinson (1932–47) (divorced) 1 son
Jean Porter (1948–99) (his death) 3 children
Children Michael
Richard
Victoria
Rebecca

Edward Dmytryk (September 4, 1908 – July 1, 1999) was a Canadian-born American film director known around the World War II-era for his film noirs, receiving a nomination for Best Director Oscar for Crossfire (1947).

In 1947 he was named as one of the Hollywood Ten, a group of blacklisted film industry professionals who refused to testify to the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) in their investigation during the McCarthy-era 'Red scare'. They served time in prison for being in contempt of Congress. In 1951 Dmytryk did testify to HUAC, and rehabilitated his career.

First hired again by independent producer Stanley Kramer in 1952, Dmytryk is likely best known for directing his The Caine Mutiny (1954), a critical and commercial success. The second highest-grossing film of the year, it was nominated for Best Picture and several other awards at the 1955 Oscars.[1] Dmytryk was nominated for a Directors Guild Award for Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures.

Early life[edit]

Dmytryk was born in Grand Forks, British Columbia, Canada, the son of Ukrainian immigrant parents. His family moved to San Francisco, California. After his mother died, his father, Michael Dmytryk, remarried. In San Francisco, the boy attended local schools and became interested in the developing film industry. He eventually reached Hollywood for work.

In 1939 at the age of 31, Dmytryk became a naturalized citizen of the United States.

Film career, early years[edit]

Dmytryk made his directorial debut with The Hawk in 1935.[2] His best-known films from these early years were film noirs: Murder, My Sweet (1944), adapted from Raymond Chandler's novel, Farewell, My Lovely; and Crossfire (1947), for which he received a Best Director Oscar nomination. He made two World War II films: Hitler's Children (1943), the story of the Hitler Youth; and Back to Bataan (1945), starring John Wayne.

House Un-American Affairs Committee[edit]

Following the war, tensions increased over the Soviet Union's virtual annexation of nations and territories in eastern Europe, and fears of rising Communist power. In the United States, this was a time of the Second Red Scare. Dmytryk was one of many filmmakers investigated by a Congressional committee for affiliation with and activities for the Communist Party or leftist organizations. Summoned to appear before the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) in 1947, Dmytryk was one of the "Hollywood Ten" who refused to testify and were cited for contempt of Congress, serving jail terms.[3]

After spending several months behind bars, Dmytryk decided to testify and identify persons whom he knew had been fellow members in the American Communist Party, as HUAC had demanded. On April 25, 1951, Dmytryk appeared before HUAC for the second time, answering all questions. He spoke of his own Party past: his brief membership in 1945, and named 26 former members of left-wing groups. He said that John Howard Lawson, Adrian Scott, Albert Maltz and others had pressured him to include communist propaganda in his films. His testimony damaged several court cases that others of the so-called "Hollywood 10" had filed. He recounted his experiences of the period in his book, Odd Man Out: A Memoir of the Hollywood Ten (1996).

Return to filmmaking[edit]

For a time, Dmytryk moved to England and was unofficially ostracized. Independent American producer Stanley Kramer was the first to hire him again, choosing him to direct a trio of low-budget films beginning in 1952. Next Kramer selected Dmytryk to direct The Caine Mutiny (1954); the World War II-drama, adapted from a Pulitzer Prize-winning novel by Herman Wouk, was a critical and great commercial success. It was the second highest-grossing film of the year, and in 1955 received Oscar nominations for Best Picture, Best Actor and other awards.

Through the 1950s and 1960s, Dmytryk continued to make films for major studios such as Columbia, 20th Century Fox, MGM and Paramount Pictures; his works in the 1950s included The Left Hand of God (1955), Raintree County (1957), The Young Lions (1958), and a 1959 remake of The Blue Angel.

Later in the 1960s and 1970s, he directed The Carpetbaggers (1964), Where Love Has Gone (1964) -both based on novels by Harold Robbins; Anzio (1968) - his last WWII film; Alvarez Kelly (1966), Shalako (1968), and Bluebeard (1972).

Later years[edit]

After his film career tapered off in the 1970s, Dymtryk entered academic life. He taught about film and directing at the University of Texas at Austin, and at the University of Southern California film school. He wrote several books on the art of filmmaking (such as On Film Editing). He also appeared on the lecture circuit, speaking at various colleges and theaters, such as the Orson Welles Cinema.

Dmytryk died from heart and kidney failure on July 1, 1999, aged 90, in Encino, California.

Complete filmography[edit]

This filmography lists all the feature films Dmytryk directed, and is believed complete.

Legacy and honors[edit]

  • 1948, nominated for Best Director for Crossfire at the Oscars
  • 1955, The Caine Mutiny nominated for Best Picture at the Oscars
  • 1955, Dmytryk was nominated for a Directors Guild Award for Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The 27th Academy Awards (1955) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 2011-08-20. 
  2. ^ Vallance, Tom (July 3, 1999). "Obituary: Edward Dmytryk". The Independent. Retrieved May 1, 2011. 
  3. ^ "Hollywood Ten". Encyclopedia Brittanica. Retrieved 9 December 2012. 

External links[edit]