Edward Eliot, 3rd Earl of St Germans
|The Right Honourable
The Earl of St Germans
GCB , DL, LL.D, PC
|Lord Lieutenant of Ireland|
5 January 1853 – 30 January 1855
|Prime Minister||The Earl of Aberdeen|
|Preceded by||The Earl of Eglinton|
|Succeeded by||The Earl of Carlisle|
|Born||29 August 1798
|Died||7 October 1877
St Germans, Cornwall
|Spouse(s)||Lady Jemima Cornwallis
|Alma mater||Christ Church, Oxford|
Background and education
St Germans was born in Plymouth, Devon, the son of William Eliot, 2nd Earl of St Germans and his first wife, Lady Georgina (13 April 1769 – 4 March 1806), daughter of Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Marquess of Stafford. He was educated at Westminster School from 1809–1811, and matriculated at Christ Church, Oxford on 13 December 1815.
St Germans became the Secretary of Legation at Madrid on 21 November 1821. He became Member of Parliament for Liskeard that year. Beginning his career as a Tory, he remained loyal to Robert Peel, and served as a Junior Lord of the Treasury from 1827 until 1830. Out of parliament between 1832 and 1837, he served in Peel's second government first as Chief Secretary for Ireland and later as Postmaster General of the United Kingdom. He brokered the so-called Lord Eliot Convention in Spain, which aimed to end the indiscriminate executions by firing squad of prisoners of both sides of the First Carlist War. When the debate over the Corn Laws broke the Conservative Party he followed Peel, and served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in Lord Aberdeen's coalition government. He was twice Lord Steward under Lord Palmerston. In 1860, he accompanied the Prince of Wales on his tour of Canada and the USA.
Lord St Germans married Lady Jemima Cornwallis (24 December 1803, Brome, Suffolk – 2 July 1856, Dover Street, London), daughter of Charles Cornwallis, 2nd Marquess Cornwallis, at St James Church, Westminster, on 2 September 1824. They had six sons and two daughters:
- Lady Louisa Susan Cornwallis Eliot (17 December 1825 – 15 January 1911), married Walter Ponsonby, 7th Earl of Bessborough and was the mother of Edward Ponsonby, 8th Earl of Bessborough.
- Edward John Cornwallis Eliot, Lord Eliot (2 April 1827 – 26 November 1864), born London, educated at Eton from 1839–1843, matriculated at Christ Church, Oxford on 21 October 1844, styled Lord Eliot from January 1845, commissioned a Cornet and Sub-lieutenant, 1st Regiment of Life Guards and subsequently Captain of that Regiment, 1852, died unmarried at Port Eliot.
- Captain Hon. Granville Charles Cornwallis Eliot (9 September 1828 – 5 November 1854), officer Coldstream Guards, killed at the Battle of Inkerman.
- William Gordon Cornwallis Eliot, 4th Earl of St Germans (14 December 1829 – 19 March 1881)
- Hon. Ernest Cornwallis Eliot (28 April 1831 – 23 January 1832)
- Lady Elizabeth Harriet Cornwallis Eliot (September 1833 – 16 March 1835)
- Henry Cornwallis Eliot, 5th Earl of St Germans (11 February 1835 – 24 September 1911)
- Colonel Hon. Charles George Cornwallis Eliot, CVO (16 October 1839 – 22 May 1901), courtier and soldier, succeeded Alpin McGregor as a Gentleman Usher Daily Waiter to Queen Victoria in 1899, married on 26 October 1865 Constance Rhiannon Guest, daughter of Sir John Josiah Guest, Bt and Lady Charlotte Guest.
|Wikisource has original works written by or about:
- GRO Register of Deaths:SEP 1856 1a 135 ST GEO HAN SQ – Jemima Eliot, age unknown
- GRO Register of Deaths:DEC 1877 5c 29 ST GERMANS Edward Granville Eliot, aged 79
- "thePeerage.com". Retrieved 22 September 2007.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Earl of St Germans
- Archival material relating to Edward Eliot, 3rd Earl of St Germans listed at the UK National Archives