Edward Eliot, 3rd Earl of St Germans

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The Right Honourable

The Earl of St Germans

GCB DL LL.D PC
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
In office
5 January 1853 – 30 January 1855
Monarch Queen Victoria
Prime Minister The Earl of Aberdeen
Preceded by The Earl of Eglinton
Succeeded by The Earl of Carlisle
Personal details
Born 29 August 1798 (1798-08-29)
Plymouth, Devon
Died 7 October 1877 (1877-10-08)
St Germans, Cornwall
Nationality British
Political party Tory
Peelite
Liberal
Spouse(s) Lady Jemima Cornwallis
(1803–1856)
Alma mater Christ Church, Oxford

Edward Granville Eliot, 3rd Earl of St Germans GCB, DL, LL.D, PC (29 August 1798 – 7 October 1877), styled Lord Elliot from 1823 to 1845, was a British politician and diplomat.

Background and education[edit]

St Germans was born in Plymouth, Devon, the son of William Eliot, 2nd Earl of St Germans and his first wife, Lady Georgina (13 April 1769 – 4 March 1806), daughter of Granville Leveson-Gower, 1st Marquess of Stafford. He was educated at Westminster School from 1809–1811, and matriculated at Christ Church, Oxford on 13 December 1815.

Political career[edit]

St Germans became the Secretary of Legation at Madrid on 21 November 1821. He became Member of Parliament for Liskeard that year. Beginning his career as a Tory, he remained loyal to Robert Peel, and served as a Junior Lord of the Treasury from 1827 until 1830. Out of parliament between 1832 and 1837, he served in Peel's second government first as Chief Secretary for Ireland and later as Postmaster General of the United Kingdom. He brokered the so-called Lord Eliot Convention in Spain, which aimed to end the indiscriminate executions by firing squad of prisoners of both sides of the First Carlist War. When the debate over the Corn Laws broke the Conservative Party he followed Peel, and served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in Lord Aberdeen's coalition government. He was twice Lord Steward under Lord Palmerston. In 1860, he accompanied the Prince of Wales on his tour of Canada and the USA.

Family life[edit]

Lord St Germans married Lady Jemima Cornwallis (24 December 1803, Brome, Suffolk – 2 July 1856, Dover Street, London[1]), daughter of Charles Cornwallis, 2nd Marquess Cornwallis, at St James Church, Westminster, on 2 September 1824. They had six sons and two daughters:

Lord St Germans died at St Germans on 7 October 1877, aged 79.[2] He was the great-grandfather of Margaret Eliot (1914–2011), the mother of Peter and Jane Asher.

References[edit]

  1. ^ GRO Register of Deaths:SEP 1856 1a 135 ST GEO HAN SQ – Jemima Eliot, age unknown
  2. ^ GRO Register of Deaths:DEC 1877 5c 29 ST GERMANS Edward Granville Eliot, aged 79

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
William Eliot
Sir William Henry Pringle
Member of Parliament of Liskeard
1826–1832
With: Sir William Henry Pringle
Succeeded by
Charles Buller
Preceded by
Sir Sir William Molesworth, Bt
Sir William Salusbury-Trelawny, Bt
Member of Parliament of East Cornwall
1837–1845
With: Sir Hussey Vivian, Bt 1837–1841
William Rashleigh 1841–1845
Succeeded by
William Rashleigh
William Pole-Carew
Political offices
Preceded by
Viscount Morpeth
Chief Secretary for Ireland
1841–1845
Succeeded by
Sir Thomas Fremantle, Bt
Preceded by
The Earl of Lonsdale
Postmaster General
1845–1846
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Clanricarde
Preceded by
The Earl of Eglinton
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
1853–1855
Succeeded by
The Earl of Carlisle
Preceded by
The Earl Spencer
Lord Steward
1857–1858
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Exeter
Preceded by
The Marquess of Exeter
Lord Steward
1859–1866
Succeeded by
The Earl of Bessborough
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
William Eliot
Earl of St Germans
1845–1877
Succeeded by
William Eliot
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
William Eliot
Baron Eliot
(descended by acceleration)

1845–1870
Succeeded by
William Eliot