Edward Fitzsimmons Dunne
|Edward Fitzsimmons Dunne|
|24th Governor of Illinois|
|Preceded by||Charles S. Deneen|
|Succeeded by||Frank O. Lowden|
|38th Mayor of the City of Chicago|
|Preceded by||Carter Harrison, Jr.|
|Succeeded by||Fred A. Busse|
October 12, 1853|
|Died||May 24, 1937
|Spouse(s)||Elizabeth J. Kelly (d.1928)|
Edward Fitzsimmons Dunne (October 12, 1853 – May 24, 1937) was an American politician who was the 24th Governor of Illinois from 1913 to 1917 and previously served as the 38th mayor of Chicago from April 5, 1905 to 1907.
Born in 1853, in Watertown, Connecticut, he was the son of an ardent Irish nationalist, Patrick William (P. W.) Dunne (1832–1921), who emigrated to America in 1849 after the failed Young Ireland revolt. His mother, Delia Mary (Mary) Lawlor, was the daughter of a prosperous Irish contractor, and participant in the Irish Rebellion of 1798, who helped construct the docks of Galway.
The family moved to Peoria, Illinois while Dunne was still an infant, and he was educated there in the public schools. His father refused to send his son to the local Catholic academy, because the Catholic Church had spoken out against the activities of the Fenians.
P. W. Dunne was a prosperous businessman, active in both Irish and American politics. He raised money for the Fenians, gave generously of his own funds, and frequently hosted Irish politicians, political exiles, and rebels in his home when they traveled to Chicago.
Education and early career
After Dunne graduated from high school in 1871, he was sent to Ireland to attend Trinity College in Dublin. His father wanted his son to be educated at the alma mater of Irish patriot, Robert Emmet. Among his classmates was the author Oscar Wilde. Dunne did extremely well at Trinity, but was forced to leave one year short of graduation, after his father suffered a financial setback.
Dunne returned to Illinois, and finished his education at Union College of Law in Chicago , where his family had settled in 1877. He graduated from the Union College of Law in 1878. He married Elizabeth F. Kelly, the daughter of Edward F. Kelly, a Chicago businessman, and his wife, Kitty Howe Kelly, on August 16, 1881. Following his marriage he started a prosperous legal practice.
Irish American Leader
He was elected the first president of the Irish Fellowship Club of Chicago in 1901 and played a key role in the formation of this organization.
As an Irish Catholic Democrat from Chicago, Dunne was the only man to have served as both Mayor of Chicago and Governor of Illinois. He was elected Mayor of Chicago in April 1905. He was elected Governor of Illinois in the fall of 1912 and his inauguration was on February 3, 1913. In 1913, Dunne signed into law an act giving women in Illinois the right to vote for the U.S. Presidency, making Illinois the first state east of the Mississippi to give women the right to vote for the U.S. President. The 19th amendment would not become law until six years later in 1919.
As noted below, in 1919, Dunne was appointed by the Irish Race Convention to serve on the American Commission on Irish Independence. As part of this commission, Dunne traveled to the Paris Peace Conference of 1919 in order to voice Irish-American desires for an independent Irish nation.
As Mayor, Dunne was instrumental in reducing the price of gasoline in Chicago from $1.00 to 85 cents, and of water from 10 cents to 7 cents per thousand gallons. He was also a strong proponent of municipal ownership of public utilities.
In 1906, Dunne was the Mayor during the first intra-city World Series. The Chicago White Sox v. The Chicago Cubs. The Cubs were an overwhelming favorite to win the series. The Cubs had the best record in baseball and the Sox had such a poor batting average they were called "The Hitless Wonders". The White Sox upset the Cubs to win the World Series 4 games to 2. During this series was the first time the famous Cubs players Tinkers, Evans and Chance played in a World Series. It is likely that Mayor Dunne threw out a ceremonial opening pitch for the first game of the World Series of 1906. It must have been a most exciting time for all of Chicago. Some have said this was the first "subway series", yet at this time there were no subways in Chicago.
In Feb. 1906, Upton Sinclair's book, The Jungle, was published. This book led to a massive public reaction to the working conditions in the Chicago meat packing industry and led to many major changes with regard to the regulation of the meat production and the food supply of the United States. The publication of The Jungle in 1906 had to have triggered a number of major changes with regard to the regulation of meat packers in Chicago as well as the treatment of workers at these packing plants. Additional info is necessary to document what leadership moves Mayor Dunne and the Chicago City Council took in response to the publication of The Jungle. Of note, Upton Sinclair came to Chicago in 1904 to do his research for The Jungle.
Dunne returned to his legal practice in 1907 after he finished his term as mayor. He returned to politics in 1912, when he was elected Governor of Illinois, on the Democratic ticket.
As governor Dunne championed numerous progressive reforms, including Women's Suffrage, prison reforms, major infrastructural improvements, the creation of the Public Utility Commission, the Efficiency and Economy Commission, the Legislative Reference Bureau, and he also expanded the state's responsibility for overseeing workman's compensation benefits and teachers' pensions.
In November 1915, Dunne designated state Senator Stephen Canaday of Hillsboro to appear as his representative on the train car along with the Liberty Bell as it passed through southern Illinois on its nationwide tour returning to Pennsylvania from the Panama-Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco. After that trip, the Liberty Bell returned to Pennsylvania and will not be moved again.
- "In view of the fact that the Ku Klux Klan has adopted the weapon of mass action, it was our desire to organize a society which shall develop harmony and good feeling between different classes, rather than enmity," Mr. Dunne said today. "Invitations were sent to many prominent church, political, business and welfare men, and the replies are coming in now...."
- The Ku Klux Klan, which maintains an office here under the name of the "Southern Publicity Bureau" was called "a menace to this and any community" by former Governor Dunne in their adoption of the "equipment of burglar masks and implements of violence."
American Commission on Irish Independence
In 1919, Dunne was appointed by the Irish Race Convention to serve on the American Commission on Irish Independence. As part of this commission, Dunne traveled to the Paris Peace Conference of 1919 in order to voice Irish-American desires for an independent Irish nation. During his stay in Europe, he also visited Ireland. He spend ten days touring the island and meeting with politicians. He also addressed the First Dáil on May 9, 1919.
Later years and death
Dunne returned once again to practicing law after leaving office in 1917. His legal practice was damaged by the ravages of the Great Depression, but he supplemented this work with a position as counsel to the Cook County Board of Election Commissioners.
After the death of his wife in May 1928, Dunne began contemplating his memoirs. He was convinced by the Lewis Publishing Co. to write a history of Illinois. Over a five year period he worked on this project with close help from William L. Sullivan, who had been his private secretary when he was governor. In 1933, he published a five (5) volume set titled: Illinois, the Heart of the Nation. Justice and Humanity: Edward F. Dunne, Illinois Progressive. p. 126. Carbondale, Ill.: Southern Illinois University Press, 1997.</ref>
President Franklin Roosevelt appointed Dunne to be a United States Commissioner The Century of Progress World's Fair of Chicago of 1933-34. At he time he was 80 years old. He took great joy in this position and joked that he had served as mayor, governor and as a federal commissioner (and thus served at all levels of government). Justice and Humanity: Edward F. Dunne, Illinois Progressive. p. 125. Carbondale, Ill.: Southern Illinois University Press, 1997.</ref>
In 1935 on his 82nd birthday, Dunne wrote a poem that he shared with family and friends. It went:
I'm Eight-two But Don't Feel Blue
As I sit and I muse in the evening of life Fond memory brings past days that were rife With joys and with sorrows, with laughs and with tears. That brightened or shadowed the passing years. For life is a mixture of sunshine and gloom And flowers bedeck both the font and the tomb. And yet, when the joys and sorrows I weigh I can truthfully, and yet, most humbly say Most grateful I am to the good God above For His heavenly blessings and His heavenly love....
Dunne died in Chicago on May 24, 1937. He was surrounded by three of is nine children when he died. His last words were: "I am satisfied and peaceful."
In the final analysis, Edward F. Dunne emerges as the most important and effective reformer in Illinois during the Progressive Era. Justice and Humanity: Edward F. Dunne, Illinois Progressive. p. 128. Carbondale, Ill.: Southern Illinois University Press, 1997.</ref>
- Morton, Richard Allen. Justice and Humanity: Edward F. Dunne, Illinois Progressive Insurance. p. 1-4. Carbondale, Ill.: Southern Illinois University Press, 1997.
- Curtis, Georgina Pell.The American Catholic Who's Who, Vol 1. p. 179-180. Washington, DC, 1910.
- Morton, Richard Allen. Justice and Humanity: Edward F. Dunne, Illinois Progressive. p. 79-81. Carbondale, Ill.: Southern Illinois University Press, 1997.
- Morton, Richard Allen. Edward F. Dunne: Illinois' Most Progressive Governor. ISHS, Winter 1990 edition. p.218-234 
- "Liberty Bell Attracts Crowd in Greenville During 1915 Stop". Greenville Advocate. July 3, 2007.
- "Organizing to Fight The Ku Klux Klan", New York Times, September 21, 1921. Accessed August 25, 2009. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?_r=1&res=990CE4DB153EEE3ABC4E52DFBF66838A639EDE
- Carroll, F. M. American Opinion and the Irish Question. (New York: St. Martin Press, 1978), 133 and 198.
- Morton, Richard Allen. Justice and Humanity: Edward F. Dunne, Illinois Progressive. p. 127. Carbondale, Ill.: Southern Illinois University Press, 1997.
- Morton, Richard Allen. Edward F. Dunne: Illinois' Most Progressive Governor. ISHS, Winter 1990 edition. p. 218-234 
- Morton, Richard Allen. Justice and Humanity: Edward F. Dunne, Illinois Progressive. Carbondale, Ill.: Southern Illinois University Press, 1997. ISBN 0-8093-2095-9
- Sullivan, William Larkin. Dunne: Judge, Mayor, Governor. Chicago: Windermere Press, 1916 
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Edward Fitzsimmons Dunne.|
- Public Transportation and the Failure of Municipal Socialism in Chicago, 1905-1907: 
- Chicago and Municipal Ownership, by Edward F. Dunne, National Magazine, June 1905
- "Edward Fitzsimmons Dunne". Find a Grave. Retrieved September 3, 2010.