Edward Chapman (British Army officer)

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Sir Edward Chapman
Edward Francis Chapman.jpg
Sir Edward Chapman
Born 14 November 1840
Calcutta, India
Died 12 May 1926
Limpsfield, Surrey
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Rank General
Commands held Colonel Commandant Royal Artillery
Scottish District
Battles/wars British Expedition to Abyssinia
Second Anglo-Afghan War
Third Anglo-Burmese War
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath, Mentioned in Dispatches

General Sir Edward Francis Chapman KCB FRGS (14 November 1840 – 12 May 1926) was a senior British Army officer who commanded the Army in Scotland and was the ceremonial head of the Royal Regiment of Artillery.[1]

Early life[edit]

Chapman was the son of Henry Frederick Chapman, an officer of the British East India Company, and Priscilla Susannah Wakefield.[2] He was born in Calcutta, India and educated at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich.

Military career[edit]

He was commissioned into the Bengal Artillery in 1858, which was later amalgamated into the Royal Artillery.[3] He quickly caught the attention of Sir Frederick Roberts who predicted that Chapman would "make his mark". He was duly selected to fight in the British Expedition to Abyssinia between 1867 and 1868 as the commander of No. 5 Battery, 21st Brigade. He was present at the action of Arogee and at the fall of Magdala, working as Aide-de-camp to Brigadier-General Petrie and being Mentioned in Dispatches for his services. He was part of a mission to Yarkand in China in 1874.[3][4] He served in the Second Anglo-Afghan War from 1878 to 1880, and was Sir Frederick Roberts' Chief of Staff during the march from Kabul to Kandahar.[3] He was twice Mentioned in Dispatches during the conflict.

He was appointed Military Secretary to the Commander-in-Chief, India in 1881 and went on the Burma expedition in 1885.[3] He was Quartermaster-General for India from 1885 to 1889, and introduced a system of organised native brothels for British other ranks in the hope of reducing the incidence of venereal diseases.[5] He became the second Director of Military Intelligence at the War Office in 1891. He was Aide-de-Camp to Queen Victoria in 1891.[6][7] As an active member of the Royal Geographical Society, he presented several lectures and wrote numerous papers on the effects of physical geography on the tactics and success of military operations.[8] Additionally, he wrote several books about military geography and the history of the British Indian Army.[9] He was promoted to major-general in 1889, lieutenant-general in 1892, and general in March 1896.[10] He was made Commander Scottish District in 1896, a post he held until 1901.[11] He was made a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath in 1905 and retired in 1906.[3][12] He was Master Gunner, St James's Park, the ceremonial commander of the Royal Artillery, between 1919 and 1926.[13]

Personal life[edit]

On 3 December 1886 he married Georgiana Bayley,[14] daughter of Edward Clive Bayley.[15] Their daughter, Dorothy, married Albert Spring and was the mother of Kenneth Spring.[16]

He lived at Limpsfield in Surrey.[14] He was an Esquire of the Venerable Order of Saint John and a member of the Athenaeum Club, London.[17][18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Who's Who 1914". Retrieved 4 November 2014. 
  2. ^ "ThePeerage.com (entry #269987)". Retrieved 22 October 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
  4. ^ "Yarkund Mission, 1873. - View in Bazar, Leh. 355190". British Library. Retrieved 22 September 2014. 
  5. ^ Philippa Levine, Prostitution, Race, and Politics: Policing Venereal Disease in the British Empire (Psychology Press, 2003), 96-7.
  6. ^ "Who's Who 1914". Retrieved 4 November 2014. 
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25054. p. 6929. 30 December 1881. Retrieved 22 August 2014.
  8. ^ E. F. Chapman, Lecture on Physical Geography in Its Relation to Military Operations (Kessinger Publishing, 2010)
  9. ^ Chapman, Edward Francis. "Google booklist". Retrieved 22 September 2014. 
  10. ^ "Who's Who 1914". Retrieved 4 November 2014. 
  11. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27312. p. 3202. 10 May 1901. Retrieved 22 August 2014.
  12. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 27926. p. 4459. 29 June 1906. Retrieved 22 August 2014.
  13. ^ "Celebrities of the Army". Anglo-Afghan War. Retrieved 22 October 2014. 
  14. ^ a b The Templehouse Papers
  15. ^ "Who's Who 1914". Retrieved 4 November 2014. 
  16. ^ "ThePeerage.com (entry #269987)". Retrieved 22 October 2014. 
  17. ^ "Who's Who 1914". Retrieved 4 November 2014. 
  18. ^ "Dod's Peerage". Retrieved 22 August 2014. 
Military offices
Preceded by
Hugh Rowlands
GOC Scottish District
1896–1901
Succeeded by
Archibald Hunter
Preceded by
Henry Brackenbury
Director of Military Intelligence
1891–1896
Succeeded by
John Charles Ardagh
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Francis Ward
Master Gunner, St James's Park
1919–1926
Succeeded by
Lord Horne