Edward Chapman (British Army officer)

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Sir Edward Chapman
Edward Francis Chapman.jpg
Sir Edward Chapman
Born 14 November 1840
Calcutta, India
Died 12 May 1926
Limpsfield, Surrey
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Rank General
Commands held Colonel Commandant Royal Artillery
Scottish District
Battles/wars British Expedition to Abyssinia
Second Anglo-Afghan War
Third Anglo-Burmese War
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath, Mentioned in Dispatches

General Sir Edward Francis Chapman KCB FRGS (14 November 1840 – 12 May 1926) was a British Army officer who commanded the Army in Scotland.

Military career[edit]

Chapman was the son of Henry Chapman. He was commissioned into the Bengal Artillery in 1858, later transferring to the Royal Artillery.[1] He fought in the British Expedition to Abyssinia between 1867 and 1868 and was a member of a mission to Yarkand in China in 1874.[1][2] He served in the Second Anglo-Afghan War from 1878 to 1880, and was Sir Frederick Roberts' Chief of Staff during the march from Kabul to Kandahar.[1] He was twice Mentioned in Dispatches during the conflict.

He was appointed Military Secretary to the Commander-in-Chief, India in 1881 and went on the Burma expedition in 1885.[1] He was Quartermaster-General for India from 1885 and then became Director of Military Intelligence at the War Office in 1891. He was Aide-de-camp to Queen Victoria in 1891.[3] As an active member of the Royal Geographical Society, he presented several lectures and wrote numerous papers on the effects of physical geography on the tactics and success of military operations.[4] Additionally, he wrote several books about military geography and the history of the British Indian Army.[5] He was promoted to major-general in 1889, lieutenant-general in 1892, and general in March 1896. He was made Commander Scottish District in 1896, a post he held until 1901.[6] He was made a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath in 1905 and retired in 1906.[1][7]

He lived at Limpsfield in Surrey.[8] He was an Esquire of the Venerable Order of Saint John and a member of the Athenaeum Club, London.[9]

Family[edit]

On 3 December 1886 he married Georgiana Bayley,[8] daughter of Edward Clive Bayley.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives
  2. ^ "Yarkund Mission, 1873. - View in Bazar, Leh. 355190". British Library. Retrieved 22 September 2014. 
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25054. p. 6929. 30 December 1881. Retrieved 22 August 2014.
  4. ^ E. F. Chapman, Lecture on Physical Geography in Its Relation to Military Operations (Kessinger Publishing, 2010)
  5. ^ Chapman, Edward Francis. "Google booklist". Retrieved 22 September 2014. 
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27312. p. 3202. 10 May 1901. Retrieved 22 August 2014.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 27926. p. 4459. 29 June 1906. Retrieved 22 August 2014.
  8. ^ a b The Templehouse Papers
  9. ^ "Dod's Peerage". Retrieved 22 August 2014. 
Military offices
Preceded by
New formation
GOC Scottish District
1896–1901
Succeeded by
Archibald Hunter
Preceded by
Henry Brackenbury
Director of Military Intelligence
1891–1896
Succeeded by
John Charles Ardagh
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Francis Ward
Master Gunner, St James's Park
1919–1926
Succeeded by
Lord Horne