Edward Frederick Kelaart

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Lieutenant Colonel Edward Frederick Kelaart (21 November 1819 – 31 August 1860) was a Ceylonese-born physician and naturalist.


Kelaart was of Dutch and German heritage, and served in the Ceylon Medical Service. He was a staff assistant surgeon in Gibraltar from 1843 to 1845, later transferred to Ceylon. He was an active member of the Ceylon branch of the Royal Asiatic Society. In 1852 he published Prodromus fauna Zeylanica, the first description of Ceylonese fauna.

He made large collections of reptiles at Nuwara Eliya and sent them to Edward Blyth.[1] The Black-throated Munia (Lonchura kelaarti) is named after him.

Kelaart died on a voyage to England.


Father: William Hendrick

Grandparents (father's side): Christiaan Kelaart and Mericiana Pinjero

Mother: Anna Johanna Frederike

1st wife: Fanny Sephia Hussy (died 1847); they were married in England on June 24, 1843; they had one son

2nd wife: Elizabeth Nye (died 1906); they were married in Trincomalee on May 13, 1851; they had together 3 sons and 1 daughter


  • (1846) Flora calpensis; contributions to the botany and topography of Gibraltar, and its neighbourhood.
  • (1853) Prodromus Faunæ Zeylanicæ ; being Contributions to the Zoology of Ceylon
  • (1854) Descriptions of new or little-known species of Reptiles collected in Ceylon. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (2) 13: 25-30.
  • (1854) Catalogue of the Reptiles collected in Ceylon. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (2) 13: 137-140.
  • (1857) Introductory Report on the natural history of the Pearl Oyster of Ceylon
  • (1859) Contributions to Marine Zoology; being descriptions of Ceylon Nudibranchiate Molluscs, Sea Anemones and Entozoa, Colombo.
  • Dutch Burgher Union Journal


  1. ^ Smith, M. A. 1941. Fauna of British India. Reptilia and Amphibia.
  2. ^ "Author Query for 'Kelaart'". International Plant Names Index.