Edward Herbert, 3rd Earl of Powis

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The Earl of Powis

Edward James Herbert, 3rd Earl of Powis (5 November 1818 – 7 May 1891), styled Viscount Clive between 1839 and 1848, was a British peer and politician.

Background[edit]

Powis was born at The Angel Hotel, Pershore, Worcestershire,[1] the eldest son of Edward Herbert, 2nd Earl of Powis, and Lady Lucy, daughter of James Graham, 3rd Duke of Montrose. The Hon. Sir Percy Egerton Herbert was his younger brother and also a Member of Parliament.

Education[edit]

He was educated at Eton College and St John's College, Cambridge, where he was president of the University Pitt Club,[2] and he graduated as MA in 1840 and LLD in 1848. He was also awarded an honorary degree as DCL by Oxford University.[3]

He was later appointed High Steward of Cambridge University in 1863.[3]

He was also President of the Powysland Club, founded in 1867, dedicated to the study of Montgomeryshire's history and other aspects of the county.[4]

Political career[edit]

Powis was returned to Parliament as one of two MPs for Shropshire North in 1843, a seat he held until 1848, when he succeeded his father in the earldom and entered the House of Lords.

Paternally great-grandson of Clive of India and grandson of a former Governor of Madras (Edward Clive, 1st Earl of Powis), the Earl was offered the Viceroyalty of India by then Prime Minister Disraeli in 1875, when aged 67, but declined, fearing his health "would not be suited to the rigours of the tropical climate". On the preserved envelope of the letter he scrawled, "Not worth considering - Powis."[5]

From the formation of County Councils in 1889, he was County Alderman for Shropshire and County Councillor for Montgomeryshire.[6]

He also served as Lord Lieutenant of Montgomeryshire from 1877 to 1891, and was J.P. for the counties of Shropshire and Herefordshire.[6]

Military Service[edit]

Powis (then Viscount Clive) was commissioned a cornet in the South Salopian Yeomanry Cavalry in 1840, and was captain by his father's death in 1848, when he succeeded him as colonel commanding the regiment. He remained in command until resigning in 1871, aged 63.[7]

Business Interests[edit]

Powis was chairman of the Shropshire Union Railways and Canal Company and of Welshpool Gas Company, who provided gas-lighting in Welshpool town.[4]

Personal life[edit]

Lord Powis died at his London home at 45 Berkeley Square, Mayfair, in May 1891, aged 72, and was buried at St Mary's Church, Welshpool.[8] He was unmarried and was succeeded in the earldom by his nephew, George.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Weyman, Henry T. (1929). "Shropshire M.P.s - Memoirs". Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological Society (T.S.A.S.), Series 4, Volume XII. p. 27. 
  2. ^ Fletcher, Walter Morley (2011) [1935]. The University Pitt Club: 1835-1935 (First Paperback ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. p. 73. ISBN 978-1-107-60006-5. 
  3. ^ a b Venn, John (1947). Alumni Cantabrigienses, Part Two 1752-1900, Volume III. Cambridge University Press. p. 337. 
  4. ^ a b "Obituary. The Earl of Powis". Eddowes' Shrewsbury Journal. 13 May 1891. p. 4. 
  5. ^ Powis Castle, Powys. The National Trust. 1996. p. 62. Guidebook to Powis Castle.
  6. ^ a b Weyman, Henry T. (1929). "Shropshire M.P.s - Memoirs". T.S.A.S., Series 4, Volume XII. p. 28. 
  7. ^ Gladstone, E.W. (1953). The Shropshire Yeomanry 1795-1845, The Story of a Volunteer Cavalry Regiment. The Whitethorn Press. pp. 44, 45, 53. 
  8. ^ The Complete Peerage, Volume X. St Catherine's Press. 1947. p. 654. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Hon. Sir Rowland Hill
William Ormsby-Gore
Member of Parliament for North Shropshire
1843–1848
With: William Ormsby-Gore
Succeeded by
William Ormsby-Gore
John Whitehall Dod
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Lord Sudeley
Lord Lieutenant of Montgomeryshire
1877–1891
Succeeded by
Sir Herbert Williams-Wynn, Bt
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Edward Herbert
Earl of Powis
1848–1891
Succeeded by
George Charles Herbert