Edward Jenner Museum
|Edward Jenner Museum, The Chantry|
The Edward Jenner Museum in Berkeley, England, is housed in a grade II* listed early 18th century building called the Chantry, famous as the home of Edward Jenner, the pioneer of smallpox vaccine, and now used as a museum.
The Chantry was built in the village of Berkeley in the early 18th century and gained its name from being built on land associated with a former community of monks, next to the village church. Edward Jenner moved there after his marriage to Catharine Kingscote in 1788. When the physician Edward Jenner bought the property, it was owned by the Weston family. On his arrival, Jenner planted ivy that in later years grew up the sides of the church tower, and had the Reverend Mr Ferryman build a clinic for Jenner's use at the bottom of his garden; it was used for treating the poorer families in the district, and Jenner later renamed the it "the Temple of Vaccinia". Jenner was living at the Chantry when he conducted his 1796 experiment to show the potential for a smallpox vaccine, and stayed there until his death in 1823. In 1876 Jenner's descendants sold the house to the Church of England, who used it as the local vicarage.
In 1985 the Chantry was purchased by the Edward Jenner Museum, dedicated to the work of the doctor and wider immunology; the Japanese businessman Ryoichi Sasakawa donated a significant sum to enable the acquisition. Restoration work was gradually carried out over the following years, allowing more of the building to be opened to the public. The building holds grade II* listed status.
- Baron, p.296; The Chantry, British Listed Buildings, accessed 11 April 2012.
- Hale-White, p.5.
- Baron, p.296.
- Baron, p.297; The Garden, The Jenner Museum, accessed 11 April 2012.
- Hale-White, p.10.
- History of The Chantry, The Jenner Museum, accessed 11 April 2012.
- The Chantry, British Listed Buildings, accessed 11 April 2012.
- Baron, John (1838). The Life of Edward Jenner 2. London: Henry Colburn. OCLC 654980884.
- Hale-White, William (1935). Great Doctors of the Nineteenth Century. London: E. Arnold. OCLC 3000410.