Edward Knatchbull-Hugessen, 1st Baron Brabourne

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The Right Honourable
The Lord Brabourne
PC
Edward Knatchbull-Hugessen Vanity Fair 11 June 1870.jpg
"A promising apprentice". Knatchbull-Hugessen M.P. as caricatured by Ape (Carlo Pellegrini) in Vanity Fair, June 1870.
Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department
In office
25 May 1866 – 26 June 1866
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister The Earl Russell
Preceded by Hon. Thomas Baring
Succeeded by The Earl Belmore
In office
10 December 1868 – 11 January 1871
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone
Preceded by Sir Michael Hicks-Beach, Bt
Succeeded by George Shaw-Lefevre
Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies
In office
14 January 1871 – 17 February 1871
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone
Preceded by William Monsell
Succeeded by James Lowther
Personal details
Born 29 April 1829
Died 6 February 1893
Nationality British
Political party Liberal
Spouse(s) (1) Anna Maria Elizabeth Southwell (d. 1889)
(2) Ethel Mary Walker
Alma mater Magdalen College, Oxford

Edward Hugessen Knatchbull-Hugessen, 1st Baron Brabourne, PC (29 April 1829 – 6 February 1893), known as E. H. Knatchbull-Hugessen, was a British Liberal politician. He served as Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department under Lord Russell in 1866 and under William Ewart Gladstone from 1868 to 1871 and was also Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies under Gladstone from 1871 to 1874. In 1880 he was elevated to the peerage as Baron Brabourne.

Background and education[edit]

Born Edward Hugessen Knatchbull, he was the younger son of Sir Edward Knatchbull, 9th Baronet, who twice served as Paymaster-General, and his second wife Fanny Catherine Knight, who was a niece of author Jane Austen. In 1849 he assumed by Royal license the additional surname of Hugessen, which was the maiden surname of his father's mother. Knatchbull-Hugessen was educated at Eton and Magdalen College, Oxford, where he was President of the Oxford Union.

Political career[edit]

In 1857 Knatchbull-Hugessen was elected Member of Parliament for Sandwich, a seat he would hold until 1880.[1] He served as a Lord of the Treasury under Lord Palmerston from 1859 to 1860, as Under-Secretary of State for Home Affairs under Lord Russell in 1866 and under Gladstone from 1868 to 1871 and as Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies under Gladstone from 1871 to 1874.[2] He was admitted to the Privy Council in 1873[3] and raised to the peerage as Baron Brabourne, of Brabourne in the County of Kent, in 1880.[4]

Brabourne edited the first edition of Jane Austen's letters, published in 1884. This edition included about two-thirds of her surviving letters, and was dedicated to Queen Victoria. He inherited the letters after his mother's death in December 1882.[5] He also wrote short stories, one of which was published in The Gentlewoman in December 1891.[6]

He died on 6 February 1893 at Smeeth Paddocks, and was buried at Smeeth, Kent, on 9 February.[7]

Family[edit]

He was twice married: first, on 19 October 1852, at St. Stephen's, Hertfordshire, to Anna Maria Elizabeth, younger daughter of the Rev. Marcus Richard Southwell, vicar of that church, by whom he had two sons and two daughters:[7]

Lady Brabourne died on 2 May 1889, and on 3 June 1890 Lord Brabourne remarried Ethel Mary Walker, daughter of Colonel Sir George Gustavus Walker.[7] They had two children:

Lord Brabourne was succeeded by his eldest son from his first marriage, Edward.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "S" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  2. ^ Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990,[page needed]
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 23961. p. 1645. 25 March 1873.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24847. p. 3173. 25 May 1880.
  5. ^ Austen, Jane & Lord Brabourne, Letters of Jane Austen; Bentley, 1884 (reissued by Cambridge University Press 2009, ISBN 978-1-108-00338-4)
  6. ^ 'Christmas Numbers' in The Times, issue 33508 dated 15 December 1891, p. 6
  7. ^ a b c Rae 1901.
Attribution

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainRae, William Fraser (1901). "Knatchbull-Hugessen, Edward Hugessen". In Sidney Lee. Dictionary of National Biography, 1901 supplement​. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Lord Charles Pelham-Clinton
James Macgregor
Member of Parliament for Sandwich
1857–1880
With: Lord Clarence Paget 1857–1866
Charles Capper 1866–1868
Henry Brassey 1868–1880
Succeeded by
Henry Arthur Brassey
Charles Henry Compton Roberts
Political offices
Preceded by
Hon. Thomas Baring
Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department
May–June 1866
Succeeded by
The Earl Belmore
Preceded by
Sir Michael Hicks-Beach, Bt
Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department
1868–1871
Succeeded by
George Shaw-Lefevre
Preceded by
William Monsell
Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies
1871–1874
Succeeded by
James Lowther
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Brabourne
1880–1893
Succeeded by
Edward Knatchbull-Hugessen