Edward L. Baker, Jr.
|Edward Lee Baker, Jr.|
Edward Baker in the uniform
of the United States Volunteers
December 28, 1865|
Laramie County, Wyoming
|Died||August 26, 1913
Los Angeles, California
|Place of burial||Angelus-Rosedale Cemetery Los Angeles, California|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1882 - 1901, 1902 - 1909|
|Unit||10th Cavalry Regiment|
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
Edward Lee Baker, Jr. (December 28, 1865, Laramie County, Wyoming – August 26, 1913, Los Angeles) was an African-American United States Army Sergeant Major that received the Medal of Honor for actions during the Spanish-American War — while under fire, he rescued a wounded soldier from drowning.
A notable African-American Medal of Honor recipient, Baker is also known for being the maternal grandfather of jazz saxophonist and Oscar nominee Dexter Gordon. He was the father of Gordon's mother, Gwendolyn Baker.
Baker enlisted as a trumpeter in July 1882, and rose to the rank of Sergeant Major in the Regular Army. He was commissioned as a First Lieutenant of the 10 US Volunteer Infantry in August 1898, and promoted to Captain of the 49th US Volunteer Infantry a year later, mustering out with the regiment in June 1901. He was re-commissioned as a Second Lieutenant with the Philippine Scouts in February 1902, and permanently left the Army with the rank of Captain in 1909.
Medal of Honor citation
Rank and Organization: Sergeant Major, 10th U.S. Cavalry. Place and Date: At Santiago, Cuba, July 1, 1898. Birth: Laramie County, Wyoming. Date of Issue: July 3, 1902.
Left cover and, under fire, rescued a wounded comrade from drowning.
- List of Medal of Honor recipients
- List of Medal of Honor recipients for the Spanish–American War
- List of African American Medal of Honor recipients
- "MOH Citation for Edward Baker". HomeofHeroes.com. Retrieved 2006-12-04.
- "Edward L. Baker, Jr.". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. Retrieved 2007-11-27.
- "Edward Baker, a pioneer in the military!". The African American Registry. Archived from the original on 2007-09-30. Retrieved 2007-05-15.
- "Honoring Soldiers from the Spanish American War". Heroes Among Us. United States Army. Archived from the original on 2007-05-04. Retrieved 2007-05-15.
- Steven D. Smith and James A. Ziegler (editors). "Appendix B: Congressional Medal of Honor recipients, 1863-1953". A Historic Context for the African-American Military Experience. U.S. Army Construction Engineering Research Laboratories. Retrieved 2007-05-15.
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