Edward Lapidge (1779–1860) was an English architect, who held the post of County Surveyor of Surrey and designed Kingston Bridge.
Edward Lapidge was the eldest son of Samuel Lapidge, the head gardener at Hampton Court Palace and one-time assistant of Lancelot "Capability" Brown. The Lapidge family lived in a house called The Grove, which still exists, in Lower Teddington Road.
He built Esher Place for John Spicer; a brick house, stuccoed in imitation of stone, with an Ionic portico on each side. Lapidge showed a view of the garden front of the house at the Royal Academy in 1808. At Norbiton Place he carried out considerable additions and alterations for its owner, Charles Nicholas Pallmer, including a dairy in the style of an Indian temple.
In 1807, he built Hildersham Hall in Cambridgeshire for Thomas Fassett (formerly of Surbiton Hall, Surrey); a stuccoed villa incorporating a former farmhouse in one wing. He showed a drawing for it at the Royal Academy in 1814. In 1811 he was engaged by the Rev. John Kirby of Mayfield, Sussex, to rebuild the vicarage there.
Lapidge was appointed surveyor to the County of Surrey in 1824. The next year he was given the job of replacing the bridge at Kingston upon Thames, after the Kingston corporation dropped its plan to build a cast iron structure. Lapidge designed a five-arched stone bridge in the classical style, which was opened in 1828.
He designed a number of churches: St John, Hampton Wick (1829–30), St Mary, Hampton (1829–31), and St Andrew, Ham Common (1830-1) all of brick, in the Gothic style, and St Peter's, Hammersmith in the Grecian Ionic style, in brick finished with Bath stone dressings. The Gentleman's Magazine described St Peter's as " a very fair specimen of modern Grecian architecture. The tower has considerable merit. The design is novel and pleasing, and the proportions are harmonious. The interior is however chaste and formal, displaying even a presbyterian nakedness". Lapidge himself donated the site of the church at Hampton Wick. As well as these buildings on the west side of London he built St James, Radcliffe (1837-8), in the East End, in the Early English style, in brick with stone dressings. Further afield he built a church at Hunterston in Cheshire (1837)
He entered designs for the competitions for a new range of buildings for Kings College, Cambridge in 1824, in which he came third; for the new Houses of Parliament in 1836; and for the Fitzwilliam Museum at Cambridge in 1837, proposing a domed building, ornamented with sculpture. In 1830, he was invited by the Vice-Chancellor of Cambridge University, William Chafy, to design a new botanic garden for the university. The expense of acquiring the necessary land caused the plan to be shelved, and Lapidge waited for more than ten years for his bill to be paid. The gardens were eventually laid out in the mid-1840s, but not under his supervision.
In 1836–7 he made considerable alterations to St. Mary's Church, Putney, repairing the tower and rebuilding the body of the church in yellow brick with stone dressings and perpendicular windows, and in 1839–40 restored All Saints' Church at Fulham.
In 1846 he paid for the patenting of a new type of suspension bridge, invented by his pupil Henry Heathcote Russell.
He died on 19 February 1860 at Hampton Wick.
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