Edward MacCabe

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His Eminence
Edward MacCabe
Cardinal Archbishop of Dublin
Primate of Ireland
Church Roman Catholic Church
Archdiocese Dublin
Appointed 4 April 1879
Term ended 11 February 1885
Predecessor Paul Cullen
Successor William Joseph Walsh
Other posts Cardinal-Priest of S. Sabina
Orders
Ordination 24 June 1839 (Priest)
by Daniel Murray
Consecration 25 July 1877 (Bishop)
by Paul Cullen
Created Cardinal 27 March 1882
by Pope Leo XIII
Rank Cardinal priest
Personal details
Born 14 February 1816
Dublin, Ireland
Died 11 February 1885 (aged 68)
Kingstown, County Dublin, Ireland
Buried Glasnevin Cemetery,[1] Dublin, Ireland
Nationality Irish
Denomination Roman Catholic
Previous post Titular Bishop of Gadara and Auxiliary of Dublin (1877–1879)
Alma mater Maynooth College
Motto Aut vincere aut mori

Edward MacCabe or McCabe (Dublin, 14 February 1816 – Kingstown, 11 February 1885) was the Roman Catholic Archbishop of Dublin from 1879 until his death and a Cardinal from 1882.[2]

Biography[edit]

He was the son of poor parents, educated at Father Doyle's school on the Quays and at Maynooth College, and was ordained priest on 24 June 1839. After his ordination he served successively as curate in Clontarf and at St Mary's Pro-Cathedral, Marlborough Street in Dublin. He was selected, in 1854, for the see of Grahamstown in South Africa. He turned it down, and in 1856 became parish priest of St. Nicholas Without, in Dublin.[3]

He was transferred to the more important parish of Dún Laoghaire (then called Kingstown), Monkstown and Glasthule from 1865 until 1879, and became a member of the chapter and vicar-general. For the twelve following years his was the ordinary life of a pastor. In 1877 he was appointed Titular bishop of Gadara and Auxiliary of Dublin, and on the death of the incumbent Archbishop Cardinal Paul Cullen he was chosen in 1879 to be his successor

Three years later, on 27 March 1882, Pope Leo XIII created him Cardinal-Priest of S. Sabina. His pastoral letter in October 1881 denouncing in fierce terms the No Rent Manifesto of the Irish National Land League, that his return from Rome with the "red hat" almost went un-noticed.[4]

The six years in which he was Archbishop of Dublin were troubled times in Ireland, the years of the Land League and of the National League, of violent agitation and savage coercion, when secret societies were strong in Dublin, and the Phoenix Park murders and many others of less note were committed. Like his predecessor, Cardinal McCabe had a distrust of popular movements. Brought up in the city, he was unacquainted with agrarian conditions and he identified with the political movement under Parnell and Davitt. In pastorals and public speeches he ranged himself against agitation and on the side of government and law, with the result that Nationalist newspapers and public men attacked him as a "Castle" bishop, who favoured coercion and was an enemy of the people. His life was threatened and for a time he was under the protection of the police.[3]

His papers are available in Dublin for consultation by scholars.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.glasnevintrust.ie/homepage/
  2. ^ Miranda, Salvador. "Edward MacCabe". The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church. Retrieved 23 June 2009. 
  3. ^ a b Catholic Encyclopedia: Edward McCabe
  4. ^ a b Archdiocese of Dublin: Edward McCabe

External links[edit]

Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Paul Cullen
Archbishop of Dublin
and Primate of Ireland

1879 – 1885
Succeeded by
William Joseph Walsh
Preceded by
Vincenzo Moretti
Cardinal-Priest of S. Sabina
1882 – 1885
Succeeded by
Serafino Vannutelli

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). Catholic Encyclopedia. Robert Appleton Company.