Edward Malet

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This article is about the British diplomat. For the High Sheriff of Somerset, see Edward William St Lo Malet.
The Right Honourable
Sir Edward Malet
GCMG GCB
Edward malet.jpg
Consul-General in Egypt
In office
1879–1883
Preceded by Frank Lascelles
Succeeded by Sir Evelyn Baring
Personal details
Born (1837-10-10)10 October 1837
Died 29 June 1908(1908-06-29) (aged 70)
Nationality British
Spouse(s) Ermyntrude Sackville Russell
Education Eton College
Occupation Diplomat

Sir Edward Baldwin Malet, 4th Baronet, PC, GCMG, GCB (10 October 1837 – 29 June 1908) was a British diplomat.

Life[edit]

Edward Malet came from a family of diplomats; his father was Sir Alexander Malet, British minister to Württemberg and later to the German Confederation. After three years at Eton College, Edward Malet entered the foreign service at the age of 17. He served as attaché to his father in Frankfurt, then in Brussels.

He served as Secretary of Legation at Peking (1871–73),[1] Athens (1873–75),[2] Rome (1875–78),[3] and Constantinople (1878–79).[4] Malet formed close ties with Ottoman sultan Abdul Hamid II ("Abdul the Damned") during 1878, the year of the Treaties of San Stefano and Berlin.

Caricature of Sir Edward Malet by Leslie Ward published in the British magazine Vanity Fair (1884)

Malet was appointed Agent and Consul-General in Egypt on 10 October 1879.[5] He served there until 1883, pressing for administrative and financial reforms. He was at first sympathetic to Ahmed Orabi's demand for constitutional government. However, historians John Galbraith and Afaf al-Sayyid-Marsot write that after British-French Joint Note was sent to the Egyptian government, Malet gradually began to support the plans of the Gladstone Cabinet to intervene in Egypt, writing on 13 February 1882, "I am prejudiced against the Nationalists."[6] He served a crucial role in the decision of Gladstone's Cabinet to invade Alexandria when he sent a telegram to the Cabinet that both exaggerated the instability of the Khedive's rule in Egypt and also advised the British government to conduct a naval demonstration off Alexandria.[7] (see 1882 Anglo-Egyptian War). Galbraith and al-Sayyid-Marsot describe him as having been naive, in that he hoped the British would attempt to militarily intimidate Urabi, though he never expected an actual attack or occupation by British forces[8] He later served as Minister to Belgium (1883–84),[9] and Ambassador to the German Empire (1884–95).[10]

On 19 March 1885, Edward Malet married Lady Ermyntrude Sackville Russell, daughter of Francis Russell, 9th Duke of Bedford and Lady Elizabeth Sackville-West.

The Malet Memorial Hall, a Tudor Revival-style building which had a church on its upper floor, was founded in his memory by his widow in 1912 in Bexhill-on-Sea. It opened in October 1913.[11][12]

Malet Street, a street in the Bloomsbury district of Central London, has been named in his honour.

References[edit]

General
Specific
  1. ^ The London Gazette: no. 23767. p. 3593. 15 August 1871. Retrieved 2009-07-14.
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24028. p. 4696. 24 October 1873. Retrieved 2009-07-14.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24236. p. 4070. 13 August 1875. Retrieved 2009-07-14.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24578. p. 2862. 3 May 1878. Retrieved 2009-07-14.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 24772. p. 5977. 17 October 1879. Retrieved 2009-06-20.
  6. ^ Galbraith, John S. and al-Sayyid-Marsot, Afaf Lutfi. The British Occupation of Egypt: Another View. "International Journal of Middle East Studies." 9, No. 4: 476-478
  7. ^ Ibid 477
  8. ^ Ibid 478
  9. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25268. p. 4449. 11 September 1883. Retrieved 2009-07-14.
  10. ^ The London Gazette: no. 25403. p. 4411. 10 October 1884. Retrieved 2009-07-14.
  11. ^ Bartley 1971, p. 64.
  12. ^ Elleray 2004, p. 3.
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Frank Lascelles
British Agent and Consul-General in Egypt
1879–1883
Succeeded by
Evelyn Baring, 1st Earl of Cromer
Preceded by
John Savile
British Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Belgium
1883–1884
Succeeded by
Hussey Vivian
Preceded by
Odo Russell, 1st Baron Ampthill
British Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to the German Empire
1884–1895
Succeeded by
Sir Frank Lascelles
Baronetage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Sir Henry Charles Eden Malet
Baronet
(of Wilbury)
1904–1908
Succeeded by
Sir Edward St Lo Malet