Edward Mordake (sometimes spelled Edward Mordrake) was reportedly an heir to an English peerage who had an extra face on the back of his head. The duplicate face could neither eat nor speak out loud but was seen to "smile and sneer while Mordake was weeping." Mordake reportedly begged doctors to have his "Demon face" removed, claiming that it whispered to him at night, but no doctor would attempt it. He committed suicide when he was 23 years old. The description of Mordake's condition is somewhat similar to that of Chang Tzu Ping, a 20th century Chinese man who had his second face surgically removed.
The first known description of Mordake is found in an 1895 Boston Post article authored by Charles Lotin Hildreth. The article describes a number of cases of what Hildreth refers to as "human freaks," including a woman who had the tail of fish, a man with the body of a spider, and Edward Mordake.
In Anomalies and Curiosities of Medicine
The 1896 medical encyclopedia Anomalies and Curiosities of Medicine, co-authored by Dr. George M. Gould and Dr. Walter L. Pyle, gave an account of Mordake with no mention as to when he lived. Their account was copied directly from Hildreth's article, but was credited only to a "lay source." Though the encyclopedia describes the basic morphology of Mordake's condition, it provides no medical diagnosis for the rare deformity. Such a birth defect might have been a form of craniopagus parasiticus (a parasitic twin head with an undeveloped body), a form of diprosopus (bifurcated craniofacial duplication), or an extreme form of parasitic twin (an unequal conjoined twin).
As told in Anomalies and Curiosities of Medicine:
One of the weirdest as well as most melancholy stories of human deformity is that of Edward Mordake, said to have been heir to one of the noblest peerages in England. He never claimed the title, however, and committed suicide in his twenty-third year. He lived in complete seclusion, refusing the visits even of the members of his own family. He was a young man of fine attainments, a profound scholar, and a musician of rare ability. His figure was remarkable for its grace, and his face – that is to say, his natural face – was that of an Antinous. But upon the back of his head was another face, that of a beautiful girl, "lovely as a dream, hideous as a devil". The female face was a mere mask, "occupying only a small portion of the posterior part of the skull, yet exhibiting every sign of intelligence, of a malignant sort, however". It would be seen to smile and sneer while Mordake was weeping. The eyes would follow the movements of the spectator, and the lips "would gibber without ceasing". No voice was audible, but Mordake avers that he was kept from his rest at night by the hateful whispers of his "devil twin", as he called it, "which never sleeps, but talks to me forever of such things as they only speak of in Hell. No imagination can conceive the dreadful temptations it sets before me. For some unforgiven wickedness of my forefathers I am knit to this fiend – for a fiend it surely is. I beg and beseech you to crush it out of human semblance, even if I die for it." Such were the words of the hapless Mordake to Manvers and Treadwell, his physicians. In spite of careful watching, he managed to procure poison, whereof he died, leaving a letter requesting that the "demon face" might be destroyed before his burial, "lest it continues its dreadful whisperings in my grave." At his own request, he was interred in a waste place, without stone or legend to mark his grave.
In popular culture
Mordake has been the subject of various texts, plays, and songs:
- Mordake is featured as the "2 Very Special Cases" on a list of "10 People With Extra Limbs or Digits" in 1976 edition of The Book of Lists.
- In 2001, Spanish writer Irene Gracia published Mordake o la condición infame, a novel based in Mordake's story.
- A US thriller film named Edward Mordrake, and based on the story, is currently[when?] in development.
- Three episodes in the FX anthology series American Horror Story: Freak Show, "Edward Mordrake, Pt. 1", "Edward Mordrake, Pt. 2", and "Curtain Call", feature the character Edward Mordrake, played by Wes Bentley.
- Gould, George M. (1956). Anomalies and Curiosities of Medicine. Blacksleet River. pp. 124–125. ISBN 978-1-4499-7722-1. Retrieved October 29, 2014.
- TV clip on alleged surgical removal of Chang Tzu Ping's second face
- Hildreth, Charles Lotin (December 8, 1895). "The Wonders of Modern Science". Boston Post (in English) (Boston).
- Bosmia, Anand N.; Smelser, Luke B.; Griessenauer, Christoph J. (November 7, 2014). "An apocryphal case of craniopagus parasiticus: the legend of Edward Mordake". Child's Nervous System. doi:10.1007/s00381-014-2581-6. PMID 25378260.
- "Edward Mordrake – "Poor Edward"".
- Wallechinsky, David; Wallace, Irving; Wallace, Amy (April 1, 1977). The People's Almanac Presents the Book of Lists. Morrow. p. 314. ISBN 978-0-688-03183-1.
- Hoskyns, Barney (2009), Lowside of the Road: A Life of Tom Waits, Random House, p. 405, ISBN 978-0-7679-2709-3
- Edward Mordrake at the Internet Movie Database
- "Medical Debate: Edward modrake a case of cranipagus parasiticus?". Medchrome.
- Pednaud, J. Tithonus. "Edward Mordrake – 'Poor Edward'". The Human Marvels.