Edward Ochab (Polish: [ˈɛdvart ˈɔxap]; 1906–1989) was a Polish Communist politician promoted to the position of the First Secretary of the Communist party in the People's Republic of Poland between 20 March and 21 October 1956, just prior to the Gomułka thaw. A political opportunist with a Stalinist past, Ochab was deputy chairman of the Polish Council of State 1961–1964 and as such one of four acting Chairmen of the Council of State from 7 to 12 August 1964. Ochab served as Chairman of the Council of State (head of state) in the years 1964-1968. He withdrew from politics in 1968 in the aftermath of the anti-Semitic campaign conducted by his own governing Polish United Workers' Party.
- Chaim Wolnerman, "Water Carriers" 
- The New York Times, May 3, 1989, "Edward Ochab Is Dead; Poland Ex-Official"