Edward Pleydell-Bouverie

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The Right Honourable
Edward Pleydell-Bouverie
FRS
Edward Pleydell-Bouverie Vanity Fair 27 July 1872.jpg
"He did not decline the Speakership"
Pleydell-Bouverie as caricatured in Vanity Fair, July 1872
Under-Secretary of State
for the Home Department
In office
9 July 1850 – 21 February 1852
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister Lord John Russell
Preceded by George Cornewall Lewis
Succeeded by Sir William Jolliffe, Bt
Paymaster-General and
Vice-President of the Board of Trade
In office
31 March 1855 – 13 August 1855
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister The Viscount Palmerston
Preceded by The Lord Stanley of Alderley
Succeeded by Robert Lowe
President of the Poor Law Board
In office
13 August 1855 – 21 February 1858
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister The Viscount Palmerston
Preceded by Matthew Talbot Baines
Succeeded by Thomas Sotheron-Estcourt
Personal details
Born 26 April 1818 (1818-04-26)
Died 16 December 1889 (1889-12-17)
44 Wilton Crescent, London
Nationality British
Political party Liberal
Spouse(s) Elizabeth Balfour
(d. 1889)
Alma mater Trinity College, Cambridge

Edward Pleydell-Bouverie PC, FRS (26 April 1818 – 16 December 1889), styled The Honourable from 1828, was a British Liberal politician. He was a member of Lord Palmerston's first administration as Paymaster-General and Vice-President of the Board of Trade in 1855 and as President of the Poor Law Board between 1855 and 1858.

Background and education[edit]

Pleydell-Bouverie was the second son of William Pleydell-Bouverie, 3rd Earl of Radnor, by his second wife, Anne Judith, third daughter of Sir Henry St John-Mildmay, 3rd Baronet.[1] The family homes were at Longford Castle in Wiltshire and Coleshill House in Berkshire (now Oxfordshire). Jacob Pleydell-Bouverie, 4th Earl of Radnor, was his elder brother. He was educated at Harrow School and Trinity College, Cambridge, graduating as a Master of Arts in 1838.[2] He was a précis writer to Lord Palmerston from January to June 1840 before he was called to the Bar, Inner Temple, on 27 January 1843.[3]

Political career[edit]

In 1844 Pleydell-Bouverie was returned to Parliament for Kilmarnock Burghs, a constituency he represented until 1874.[3][4] He served as Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department in Lord John Russell's first administration from July 1850 to March 1852, and from April 1853 to March 1855 he was Chairman of Committees of the House of Commons, while Lord Aberdeen was prime minister. In March 1855, when Lord Palmerston became premier, Pleydell-Bouverie was made Paymaster-General and Vice-President of the Board of Trade,[3] and sworn of the Privy Council.[5] In August of the same year he was transferred to the Presidency of the Poor Law Board, a position he held until 1858.[1] However, he was never a member of the cabinet. In 1857 he was appointed one of the committee of the Council on Education. He was Second Church Estate Commissioner from August 1859 to November 1865, and from 1869 he was one of the Ecclesiastical Commissioners for England.[3]

Though a staunch liberal, Pleydell-Bouverie belonged to the old whig school, and during his last years in parliament often found himself in disagreement with the policies of Liberal prime minister, William Ewart Gladstone. In 1872, when a charge of evasion of the law was made against Gladstone in connection with the appointment he made to the rectory of Ewelme, Pleydell-Bouverie expressed regret "We all have our amusements at various times, but that of the right hon. Gentleman, when he has nothing else to do, is to drive coaches and six through Acts of Parliament".[3][6]

When the Irish university bill was introduced in March, Pleydell-Bouverie finally broke with Gladstone. He denounced the measure as miserably bad and scandalously inadequate to its professed object. He voted against the second reading on 10 March, when the government was defeated.[3][7] Subsequently, in letters addressed to The Times he continued his attacks on the measure and on its framers.[3]

After his retirement from parliament in 1874, Pleydell-Bouverie became in 1877 associated with the Corporation of Foreign Bondholders, and was soon made its chairman. Under his guidance the debts of many countries were readjusted, and the corporation's scheme for dealing with the Turkish debt was confirmed by the sultan's iradé of January 1882.[3] Bouverie was Deputy Chairman of the Mersey Railway at its opening in 1886. He was also director of the Great Western Railway Company and of the Peninsular and Oriental Steam Navigation Company. He addressed numerous letters to The Times newspaper under the signature of "E. P. B."[3]

Family[edit]

Pleydell-Bouverie married Elizabeth Anne, youngest daughter of General Robert Balfour of Balbirnie, Fife, on 1 November 1842. They lived at East Lavington Manor in Wiltshire had two sons, Walter (5 July 1848 – 20 May 1893), a captain in the 2nd Wiltshire Rifle Volunteers, and Edward Oliver (12 December 1856 – 13 May 1938), and three daughters.[3] One, Eglantine, married Augustus Keppel Stephenson, Director of Public Prosecutions from 1884 to 1894. Elizabeth Anne died in August 1889. Pleydell-Bouverie only survived her by four months and died at 44 Wilton Crescent, London, on 16 December 1889, aged 71.[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Dod (1860), p. 127
  2. ^ "Bouverie, the Hon. Edward Pleydell (BVRY834EP)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k  Boase, George Clement (1896). "Pleydell-Bouverie, Edward". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography 45. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  4. ^ leighrayment.com House of Commons: Kilkenny County to Knutsford
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21688. p. 1324. 3 April 1855.
  6. ^ Hansard, 8 March 1872, p. 1711
  7. ^ Hansard 11 March 1873, p. 1760

References[edit]

  • Dod, Robert Philip (1860). The Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage of Great Britain and Ireland. London: Whitaker and Co. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Alexander Johnston
Member of Parliament for Kilmarnock Burghs
1844 – 1874
Succeeded by
James Fortescue Harrison
Political offices
Preceded by
George Cornewall Lewis
Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department
1850–1852
Succeeded by
Sir William Jolliffe, Bt
Preceded by
The Lord Stanley of Alderley
Paymaster-General
March – August 1855
Succeeded by
Robert Lowe
Vice-President of the Board of Trade
March – August 1855
Preceded by
Matthew Talbot Baines
President of the Poor Law Board
August 1855 – 1858
Succeeded by
Thomas Sotheron-Estcourt