Edward Shackleton, Baron Shackleton

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Edward Arthur Alexander Shackleton, Baron Shackleton, KG AC OBE PC FRS FRGS FRCGS[1] (15 July 1911 – 22 September 1994), was a British geographer and Labour Party politician.

Born in Wandsworth, London, he was the younger son of Sir Ernest Shackleton, the Antarctic explorer. In 1938, he married Betty Homan, and they had two children: the Hon. Charles Edward Ernest Shackleton and the Hon. Alexandra Shackleton.

Shackleton was a member of the 1932 Oxford University Exploration Club expedition to Sarawak in Borneo organised by Tom Harrisson. During this trip he was the first to attain the peak of Mount Mulu.

In 1934 Shackleton organised the Oxford University Ellesmere Land Expedition and chose Gordon Noel Humphreys to lead it. Shackleton accompanied the party as the assistant surveyor to Humphreys. The expedition was eventually responsible for naming Mount Oxford (after the University of Oxford) and the British Empire Range.

Shackleton was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in 1945.[2]

In 1946, Shackleton was elected as Labour Member of Parliament for Preston in a by-election. In 1950, he was elected MP for Preston South, re-elected in 1951. In 1955, he stood down and was made a life peer as Baron Shackleton, of Burley in the County of Hampshire on 11 August 1958.[3] In Harold Wilson's government, he served as Minister of Defence for the RAF 1964–1967, Minister without Portfolio 1967–1968 and Paymaster General 1968. He was Leader of the House of Lords from 1968 to 1970, and subsequently Opposition Leader of the House of Lords.

From 1971, he was President of the Royal Geographical Society. Lord Shackleton was appointed a Knight Companion of the Order of the Garter in 1974.[4] In 1994 he became the Life President of the newly founded James Caird Society, named after the boat in which his explorer father and crew escaped Antarctica (itself, in turn, named for James Key Caird (1837–1916), jute baron and philanthropist). He acted also as patron of the British Schools Exploring Society (B.S.E.S.) from 1962 until his death in the New Forest aged 83. In 1989 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society under Statute 12 (effectively an honorary member).[5]

In 1990 he was appointed an honorary Companion of the Order of Australia (AC), Australia's highest civilian honour, "for service to Australian/British relations, particularly through the Britain–Australia Society.[6]

Lord Shackleton was Pro-Chancellor of the University of Southampton, in which role he was deeply interested in the development of geography at Southampton. A portrait photograph of Lord Shackleton was unveiled by his daughter the Hon. Alexandra Shackleton in December 1997 in the university's Shackleton Building, which houses the Departments of Geography and Psychology.

Arms[edit]

Arms of Edward Shackleton, Baron Shackleton
Crest
A Poplar Tree proper charged with a Buckle as in the arms
Escutcheon
Or on a Fess Gules three Lozengy Buckles tongues palewise Gold on a Canton of the second a Cross Humettée of the third
Motto
FORTITUDINE VINCIMIS (BY ENDURANCE WE CONQUER)
Orders
Order of the Garter circlet (Appointed 23 April 1974)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jellicoe, T. E. (1999). "Lord Edward Arthur Alexander Shackleton. 15 July 1911 -- 22 September 1994: Elected F.R.S. 1989". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 45: 485. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1999.0032.  edit
  2. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 37119. p. 2949. 14 June 1945.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 41473. p. 5077. 15 August 1958.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 46274. p. 5227. 26 April 1974.
  5. ^ "Library and Archive catalog". Royal Society. Retrieved 28 February 2021.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  6. ^ It's an Honour: AC

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
John Sunderland
Samuel Segal
Member of Parliament for Preston
19461950
With: Samuel Segal
Constituency abolished
New constituency Member of Parliament for Preston South
19501955
Succeeded by
Alan Green
Political offices
Preceded by
Hugh Charles Fraser
Secretary of State for Air
1964–1966
Office abolished
Preceded by
The Earl of Longford
Lord Privy Seal
1968
Succeeded by
Fred Peart
Vacant
Title last held by
George Wigg
Paymaster-General
1968
Succeeded by
Judith Hart
Preceded by
The Earl of Longford
Leader of the House of Lords
1968–1970
Succeeded by
The Earl Jellicoe
Preceded by
Fred Peart
Lord Privy Seal
1968–1970
Party political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Longford
Leader of the Labour Party in the House of Lords
1968–1974
Succeeded by
The Lord Shepherd
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Baroness Wootton of Abinger
Senior life peer
1988–1994
Succeeded by
Lord Shawcross