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|Alma mater||Boston College|
|Subject||Middle East, Africa|
|Notable works||The Arabs, Israelis and Kissinger|
Edward Richard Fulton Sheehan (c. 1930 – November 3, 2008) was an American author and foreign correspondent who reported from the Middle East, Africa and Central America as a freelance journalist in the pages of newspapers, magazines and the many books he authored.
Life and family
Growing up in Newton, Massachusetts, Sheehan attended the local parish school where he was the regular altar boy for the parish pastor, Bishop Richard Cushing, who was later elevated to become Archbishop of Boston and Cardinal. Sheehan remained a conservative Roman Catholic throughout his life.
He served in the United States Navy after graduating from college. Sheehan was hired by the Boston Globe and was sent overseas to cover stories in Europe, the Middle East and North Africa. He started work for the United States Department of State in 1957, serving in the American embassies in Egypt in 1957 to 1958 and in Lebanon from 1959 to 1961.
These experiences were the seeds of his 1964 debut novel, Kingdom of Illusion, published by Random House, which tells the intrigues swirling around Mohammed VII, playboy king of the Middle Eastern country of Al Khadra. Most of Sheehan's reporting career was as a freelance journalist, whose articles appeared in a variety of publications, including Harper's Magazine The New York Review of Books and The New York Times.
His contributions to The New York Times Magazine in the 1960s and 1970s, included stories about travels on the Congo River, the ascendancy of Milton Obote as President of Uganda, the Black September hijackings and detonation of U.S. aircraft, the accession of Anwar Sadat in Egypt and Libya's Muammar al-Gaddafi and its oil wealth.
Sheehan was known for coverage of the Arab–Israeli conflict. Using his well placed sources, Sheehan was able to quote in a 1976 article of Foreign Policy conversations that took place in 1974 between Richard Nixon, Henry Kissinger and Mid-East leaders in which Nixon indicated his support for the return of all lands conquered by Israel in the 1967 Six-Day War. These excerpts were later expanded into his 1976 book The Arabs, Israelis and Kissinger. The State Department denied the claims and a hunt was made for the source of the leaks. Further details from these reliable Nixon Administration sources were included in The Arabs, Israelis and Kissinger about Kissinger's role as a shuttle diplomat trying to resolve the conflict between Syrian leader Hafez Assad, Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israel's Prime Minister Golda Meir. Alfred Atherton, a career foreign service officer, had taken detailed notes during the shuttle negotiations and was Sheehan's source. Atherton was given what Time magazine described as a "serious reprimand" for his actions, though Kissinger himself appears to have authorized Atherton to share the information with Sheehan.
Sheehan died in Newton at age 78 on November 3, 2008 of an allergic reaction to medication.
- Grimes, William. "Edward Sheehan, 78, Foreign Correspondent, Dies", The New York Times, November 15, 2008. Accessed November 16, 2008.
- Staff. "Books and Authors", The New York Times, August 24, 1964. Accessed November 16, 2008.
- Edward R. F. Sheehan. "A Journey up the Congo River; It's Still the Heart Of Darkness", The New York Times, October 30, 1966. Accessed November 16, 2008.
- Edward R. F. Sheehan. "Making of a President, Uganda Style; Making of a President, Uganda Style (Cont.)", The New York Times, January 22, 1967. Accessed November 16, 2008.
- Edward R. F. Sheehan. "In the Flaming Streets of Amman", The New York Times, September 27, 1970. Accessed November 16, 2008.
- Edward R. F. Sheehan. "The Cairenes still cheer Nasser Who Runs Egypt?; Who runs Egypt?", The New York Times, November 29, 1970. Accessed November 16, 2008.
- Edward R. F. Sheehan. "Colonel Qadhafi -- Libya's Mystical Revolutionary; So much oil money, and so little to spend it on", The New York Times, February 6, 1972. Accessed November 16, 2008.
- Marquard, Bryan. "Edward R.F. Sheehan, 78, foreign correspondent, novelist", The Boston Globe, November 12, 2008. Accessed November 22, 2008.
- Staff. "The Stuff of Shuttle Diplomacy", Time (magazine), March 15, 1976. Accessed November 16, 2008.
- Staff. "The President's Shuttler", Time (magazine), February 27, 1978. Accessed November 16, 2008.
- Marder, Murrey. "Aid to Writer Approved by Kissinger", The Washington Post, March 10, 1976. Accessed November 16, 2008.
- Kirsch, Jonathan. "Book Review An Eccentric Look at Central America", Los Angeles Times, April 26, 1989. Accessed November 16, 2008.
- Marquard, Bryan. "Edward R.F. Sheehan, 78, foreign correspondent, novelist", The Boston Globe, November 12, 2008. Accessed November 24, 2008.