Edward Villiers, 1st Earl of Jersey

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Edward Villiers, 1st Earl of Jersey (c. 1656 – 25 August 1711) was created Baron Villiers and Viscount Villiers in 1691 and Earl of Jersey in 1697.

Origins[edit]

He was the son of Sir Edward Villiers (1620–1689) of Richmond, Surrey, by his wife Frances Howard, the youngest daughter of Theophilus Howard, 2nd Earl of Suffolk and Elizabeth Hume.

His grandfather was Sir Edward Villiers (c. 1585-1626), Master of the Mint and President of Munster who was half brother of George Villiers, 1st Duke of Buckingham and of Christopher Villiers, 1st Earl of Anglesey. His sister was Elizabeth Villiers, the mistress of King William III, and was later Countess of Orkney as the wife of George Hamilton, 1st Earl of Orkney.

Education[edit]

He was admitted to St John's College, Cambridge in 1671.[1]

Career[edit]

Villiers was Knight Marshal to the royal household in succession to his father. He was Master of the Horse to Queen Mary II and was Lord Chamberlain to King William III and to Queen Anne. In 1696 he represented his country at the Congress of Ryswick. He was ambassador at The Hague and after his elevation to the peerage was ambassador in Paris. In 1699 he was made Secretary of State for the Southern Department, and on three occasions he was one of the Lords Justices of England. In 1704 he was dismissed from office by Queen Anne, after which he was involved in some of the Jacobite schemes.

Marriage & progeny[edit]

On 17 December 1681 he married Barbara Chiffinch (1663 - before 13 December 1735), daughter of William Chiffinch (1602-1688). By her he had two sons and a daughter:

Death[edit]

He died on 25 August 1711 of apoplexy.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Villiers, Edward (VLRS670E)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  2. ^ Abel Boyer. The history of the reign of Queen Anne 10. p. 382. 
Political offices
Preceded by
James Vernon
Secretary of State for the Southern Department
1699 – 1700
Succeeded by
James Vernon
Preceded by
The Duke of Shrewsbury
Lord Chamberlain
1700 – 1704
Succeeded by
The Earl of Kent
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
The Earl of Portland
English Ambassador to France
1698 – 1699
Succeeded by
The Earl of Manchester
Peerage of England
New creation Earl of Jersey
1697 – 1711
Succeeded by
William Villiers
Viscount Villiers
1691 – 1711