Edward du Cann
Sir Edward Dillon Lott du Cann, KBE (born 28 May 1924) is a retired politician from the United Kingdom. He was a Member of Parliament (MP) from 1956 to 1987 and served as Chairman of the Conservative Party from 1965 to 1967 and as Chairman of the party's 1922 Committee from 1972 to 1984.
Du Cann was educated at Colet Court, Woodbridge School and St. John's College, Oxford, where he was a friend of Kingsley Amis. At the start of World War II, he was commissioned as an officer in the Royal Navy. Serving as a Lieutenant in motor torpedo boats based in East Anglia patrolling the North Sea, he served alongside both Owen Aisher (later a noted yachtsman and entrepreneur) and David Wickins (the founder of British Car Auctions and an entrepreneur). At the end of hostilities, he became a company director.
In 1951 du Cann contested Walthamstow West and, in 1955, Barrow-in-Furness, both times without success. He was elected as MP for Taunton in a 1956 by-election. Du Cann served as the Economic Secretary to the Treasury from 1962 and as a Minister of State at the Board of Trade 1963–64. He was then the Chairman of the Conservative Party from 1965 to 1967 and Chairman of the 1922 Committee from 1972 to 1984. He was appointed a Member of the Privy Council in 1964.
In 1974 du Cann played a part in the events surrounding the elevation of Margaret Thatcher to the leadership of the Conservative Party. Following two narrow defeats for the Conservatives at the polls, in February and October 1974, significant disquiet in the party had developed over the leadership of Edward Heath, who had lost three elections as leader. On 14 October 1974, the executive of the 1922 Committee met at du Cann's home, amidst a good deal of press attention. That was soon followed by a more public meeting of the executive at du Cann's offices at Keyser Ullman, on Milk Street, where it was decided that the Committee would press Heath to hold a leadership election. The location of this meeting led to Fleet Street nicknaming the attendees the "Milk Street Mafia". As Alec Douglas Home, at Heath's request, considered the procedures for a leadership election, there was some speculation that du Cann would himself stand as a representative of the party's right wing against Heath.
By the time Douglas Home reported in December 1974, however, events had intervened. The devastating collapse of the banking boom had swept up du Cann's firm, Keyser Ullman, in its path, and du Cann did not put himself forward as a candidate in the leadership contest. This released key support for Margaret Thatcher, especially as another potential right-wing candidate, Keith Joseph, had already withdrawn from any leadership calculations, following a series of controversial speeches on social policy. Consequently, after defeating Heath in the first round, Thatcher emerged triumphant in the second round in early 1975, defeating a number of other candidates who would play significant roles in her subsequent premiership.
In the last week of the 1975 referendum on British membership of the European Economic Community, du Cann came out against British membership. He was chairman of the Public Accounts Committee from 1974 to 1979.
Du Cann retired from the House of Commons in 1987, selling his home Cothay Manor in 1993 and returning to live in London. He was instrumental in creating a scholarship programme for rugby league players at the University of Oxford.
Du Cann succeeded Duncan Sandys as Chairman of Lonrho, a position from which he was forced to resign due to his role as deputy chairman of Homes Assured, a finance company which crashed. His resignation came two days before the company collapsed, owing £10 million to creditors. He was criticized as "incompetent" by a 1974 Department of Trade and Industry report regarding the bankrupt Keyser Ullman bank, of which he was a director. Du Cann has been involved in several legal disputes over debts; his Somerset estate was repossessed in 1992 and his London flat was repossessed in 1993. He later had a bankruptcy order served against him.
- "Obituary - David Wickins". Daily Telegraph. 31 Jan 2007. Retrieved 2012-07-14.
- "Auctions magnate began by selling just one old car". GetHampshire.co.uk. February 13, 2007. Retrieved 2012-07-14.
- Phillip Whitehead The Writing On The Wall – Britain In The Seventies (London: Michael Joseph, 1985), pp. 326–7.
- David Butler and Uwe Kitzinger The 1975 Referendum (London: Macmillan, 1976), pp. 173–4.
- Bower, Tom (1998). Fayed: The Unauthorized Biography. Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-333-74554-0.
- Ward, Stephen (1993-03-26). "Du Cann will apply to have bankruptcy order lifted: Former chairman of Conservative Party faced petition for solicitors' bills". The Independent (London). Retrieved 2010-09-25.
- Prestage, Michael (1992-08-16). "Du Cann struggles to buy back his estate". The Independent (London). Retrieved 2010-09-25.
- O'Connell, Dominic; Bradley, Jane; Jefford, Kasmira (2009-12-27). "City bigwigs Derek Tullett and Sir Edward du Cann dragged into Flyglobespan row". The Times (London).
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Edward du Cann
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for Taunton
|Chairman of the Conservative Party
Sir Harry Legge-Bourke
|Chairman of the 1922 Committee